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Symposium Book - FRSIS 2012 Symposium Book - FRSIS 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE1 Introduction 12 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah 23 The Pursuit of Global Unity SMS Hulu Selangor 34 Language and Culture Unite the World SMS Tuanku Syed Putra 45 Food Power: Special Recipes Bring Families Together SM Sultan Abdul Halim 56 The Roles of Youth in Promoting Cultural Awareness SBPI Kubang Pasu 67 Culture Diversity SMS Kubang Pasu 78 Tolerance Promotes Group Harmony SMS Pokok Sena 89 Amalgamation through Technology Advancement SMS Sultan Muhammad Jiwa 910 Youth and Culture SMS Kepala Batas 1011 Youth and Culture SMS Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin 1112 K-Pop: The New Wave of Global Entertainment Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman 1213 Achieving Global Unity through Food SMS Teluk Intan 1314 Multiculturalism Generates Mutual Tolerance among Nations The Malay College Kuala Kangsar 1415 Gourmet’s Globalization SMS Raja Tun Azlan Shah 1516 Nurturing Global Unity through Cultural Diversity SBPI Gopeng 1617 Food- A Recipe for Our Unity SMS Tapah 17 I |symposium frs 2012
  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE18 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity: Cullture and Language SMS Bagan Datoh 1819 Culture and Language SMS Kuala Selangor 1920 Young, Urban and Profesional SMAP Kajang 2021 Unity Starts from the Tummy SBPI Sabak Bernam 2122 Arts and Culture Understanding Generates Global Unity SBPI Rawang 2223 Decoding Malaysia SMS Alam Shah 2324 Global Culture Generates World Unity : Culture Preservation SMS Seri Puteri 2425 Cultural Diversity SMS Selangor 2526 Arts and Culture Understanding Generates Global Unity SBPI Gombak 2627 Cultural Preservation Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah 2728 Culture Vibes Sekolah Seri Puteri 2829 Food and Unity SMS Banting 2930 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity : An Islamic Perspective SMAP Labu 3031 Culture throughout History Kolej Tunku Kurshiah 3132 Cultural Awareness and Respect – The Key to World Unity Sekolah Dato’ Abdul Razak 3233 The Roles of Youth in Preserving the Heritage in Malaysia SMS Tuanku Jaafar 3334 Cultural Awareness and Respect SMS Tuanku Munawwir 34 II |symposium frs 2012
  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE35 Engaging Youth in Culture Preservation SBPI Jempol 3536 Breaking Barriers, Widening Horizons SMS Rembau 3637 Food and Unity SBPI Selandar 3738 Global Culture: The Act of Understanding Multiculturalism SMS Muzaffar Syah 3839 The Modern Nightmare Sekolah Tun Fatimah 3940 Intermarriage as a Catalyst to Improve Global Unity SMS Muar 4041 A Study of Students’ Perceptions of Hedonistic Culture among Youths SMS Johor 41 in SMS Johor42 Nurturing Global Unity through Cultural Diversity SMS Kota Tinggi 4243 Culture Preservation Generates Global Unity SMS Sultan Iskandar 4344 Great Food Great Nation:Celebrating Diversity SMS Sembrong 4445 Unity in Diversity SMS Sultan Hj Ahmad Shah 4546 Cultural Diversity: The Gateway to Malaysia’s Harmony and Prosperity SMS Tengku Abdullah 4647 The Role of Youth in Generating World Unity Sekolah Sains Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah 4748 Global Culture Awareness and Respect in Generating World Unity SBPI Kuantan 4849 Global Culture Generates World Unity SBPI Tun Abdul Razak 4950 Cultural Diversity SBPI Temerloh 5051 Cultural Diversity SMS Sultan Mahmud 51 III |symposium frs 2012
  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE52 Evolution of Culture SMS Kuala Terengganu 5253 Teenagers All around the World Are Alike SMS Dungun 5354 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity SBPI Batu Rakit 5455 Nature Stands Still in the Unity of the Youth SMS Hulu Terengganu 5556 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity SMS Setiu 5657 Literature Unites the World SMS Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra 5758 Youth and Culture SMS Machang 5859 Youth and Culture SMS Pasir Puteh 5960 Cultural Preservation SMS Sabah 6061 Youth vs. Culture: Significant Roles of Youth in Sustaining Culture SMS Lahad Datu 6162 Youth as the Antidote of Culture Unawareness SMS Labuan 6263 A Dying Culture SMS Kuching 6364 Students Engagement in Cultural Activities or Issues SMS Miri 6465 Rising above Challenges: Making a Difference through Service Learning Cresent Girls’ School, 65 Singapore66 Equipping Millennians with a Global Perspective Millenia Institute , Singapore 6667 Youth and Culture Nanyang Girls High School 67 Singapore IV |symposium frs 2012
  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE68 Integrating Culture through Cuisine Sekolah Menengah Sultan 68 Muhammad Jamalul Alam (SM SMJA) Brunei69 Arts and Culture Sekolah Menengah Berakas, Brunei 6970 School Contribution in Developing Multicultural Awareness among Students SMA 1 Padang, Indonesia 7071 Indonesia’s Culture Preservation SMA Negeri 2 Bogor, Indonesia 7172 Boarding School Lifestyle Decreases Conflict and Improves Cultural Insan Cendekia Al Kausar High School, 72 Understanding among Students West Java, Indonesia73 Culture Disaster for the Youth Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) 73 Negeri 7 Bandung74 Art as a Reflection of Culture and a Country’s Identity Pasarmint Demonstration School 74 Thailand75 Food : An International Language Kiettisack International School, Laos 75 PDR76 Cultural Diversity St. Mark’s Girls Sr. Sec. School, 76 New Delhi , India77 A Culture of Innnovation Australian Science & Mathematics 77 School, South Australia, Australia78 RID – Resources, Investment and Development National Lyceum D. Philippa of 78 A Case Study in the Azores, Portugal Lancaster, Portugal79 Hlinsko Students Go Global Gymnázium K.V. 79 Raise Adámkova 55 Hlinsko v Č, the Czech Republic V |symposium frs 2012
  • BIL CONTENTS PAGE80 Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity ITIS “ Cannizzaro” Rome 80 Italy81 The True Dutchman Does Not Exist Het Amsterdams Lyceum 81 Amsterdam, Netherlands VI |symposium frs 2012
  • FULLY RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM (FRSIS) 2012, 27 -31 MARCH 2012 , Melaka, MALAYSIA “Global Culture Generates World Unity”Today, respecting and managing cultural diversity is one of the most important tasks that globalization imposes on the entire world; nations that neglectit do so at their own risk. If left unattended to, conflicts between ethnic groups may lead to the destabilization of a nation that can hinder progress inother domains. Quote: Expo Shanghai 2010Therefore, FRSIS 2012 aims to polish talents and leadership skills among students based on the proposed theme which is Global Culture Generates WorldUnity. This symposium is also aimed to facilitate potential national leaders to respect the culture and heritage of a nation because it is a prerequisite for aharmonious development of society and nation. Besides that, it also promotes awareness and understanding among students that culture and heritageare interrelated and should be respected, preserved and kept in the progress of the race because that aspect is the identity of a nation.This symposium which is held from 27th-31st March 2012 consists of participants ranging from 15-19 years old. Its main theme is Global CultureGenerates World Unity. This theme has been chosen as the student participants are assets of a country that are very valuable as they are young,enthusiastic, energetic, and have potentials. Therefore, when these features are combined and polished, they will be the catalyst for change andprogress. The sub-themes of this symposium include, but are not limited to: Cultural Globalisation Culture and Economy Youth and Culture Arts and Culture Cultural Diversity Cultural Preservation Culture and Language Cultural Awareness and Respect Socialisation of Culture 1 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Unity By: Alia Solihin Binti Ahmad Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah, Selangor, MalaysiaThe culture of Malaysia draws on the varied cultures of the different peoples of Malaysia and eachof the cultures is unique and distinctive. Malaysia is a nation full of different colours and has alreadysucceeded in mixing these colours to paint a beautiful masterpiece. Even though we differ in manyaspects such as our ethnic groups, skin colours, ways of life, language of communication, we are stillproud to be Malaysians. The questions of how and why have one simple answer that is the willingnessto share and to understand. Art is one of the specialities in Malaysia and it is closely related toculture. Different cultures have different arts from performing arts to earthenware to handicraftseach showing its own uniqueness. There are numerous cultural contributions which are distinctlyindigenous to the different ethnic groups to be found in Malaysia. These cultural contributions addmore colours to the already picturesque Malaysia. The people’s willingness to share their arts andculture, and to understand and accept other cultures contribute to the nation‟s unity and achievethe goals of 1Malaysia. That is how arts and culture unite the people of this nation. We believe that ifother nations around the world were to take our beloved nation as a model, the whole world wouldbe a better place to live. 2 |symposium frs 2012
  • The Pursuit of Global Unity By: Nicholas Lim Jin Shen Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Selangor, Selangor, MalaysiaMalaysian forefathers built this country based on a deep sense of tolerance among the multi-cultural,multi-ethnic and multi-religious nation state. Today, after 55 long years of enjoying independence,the Malaysian people are still enjoying domestic tranquillity under the umbrella of tolerance andacceptance that is shared by all Malaysians. How is this possible? A deeply ingrained awareness andrespect in all Malaysians is inculcated through a systematic education system that takes into accountthe diversity of different ethnic groups. The elemental aim of educating culture in secondary schoolsis not only to instil a deep sense of tolerance but simultaneously to guarantee that students retainthe knowledge and practise it. The objective of this study is to answer two questions: first, how deepis the tolerance level of Malaysian students? And second, which method or branch of culture is mosteasily understood and adapted? We conducted surveys through questionnaires at a neighbouringschool in the Hulu Yam district in order to substantiate the results. That particular school was chosenon the grounds that the student population was equally divided among the three main races. Throughour own Arts and Culture Club, we carried out various activities with the students and observed theresults. Based on the results, we deduced that the level of tolerance among students was very highand they were also practising the acquired knowledge in their daily lives. This was clearly seen in theway they socialise. These surveys and observation strongly suggest that the level of awareness andtolerance is very high. However, the same cannot be said of the practice of this knowledge. Throughthis club, we are providing the modus operandi to extend the knowledge into practice. From theactivities, we are confident that students will apply this knowledge throughout their lives even afterleaving school. 3 |symposium frs 2012
  • Language and Culture Unite the World By : Farah Adilah Roslan Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Syed Putra, Perlis, MalaysiaLanguage and culture are fundamentally inseparable as both of the components complement eachother. Culture is a kind of social inheritance, shared by the whole community, and not belongingto any particular individual. As language is the primary medium of communication, it functions asa reflector for both the personality of the individual and the culture of his history. In turn, it helpsshape both personality and culture. The objective of this research is to study the relationship betweenlanguage and culture.Throughout my research, I found that the way a community uses language is part of the community’sculture, just as other shared practices are; it is a way of displaying group identity. Ways of speakingfunction not only to facilitate communication, but also to identify the social position of the speaker.A culture must have at least one language, which it uses as a distinct medium of communicationto convey its defining ideas, customs, and beliefs, from one member of the community to anothermember. Different cultures have different and unique languages which are used to display theiridentities. Language unite the community as they are using the same medium of communication, andsharing the same beliefs and culture, thus, it is proven that language is important in uniting peoplewho come from different backgrounds.I can summarize the relationship between culture and language as follows: language is a keycomponent of culture. It is the primary medium for transmitting much of culture. Without language,culture would not be possible. 4 |symposium frs 2012
  • Food Power: Special Recipes Bring Families Together By: Ahmad Azaruddin Azman Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Abdul Halim, Kedah, MalaysiaFood is good for all sorts of things. Food is a means of uniting people as it is something that peoplecan bond together over. We turn to it when we need comfort. Food creates comfort since everybodyis happy when food is mentioned. Malaysian cuisine reflects the multicultural aspect of Malaysia withher diverse ethnic groups. Many dishes in Malaysia are derived from multiple ethnic influences. Foodis something that everyone needs and is essential to life just like unity. The objective of this researchis to provide information on the power of food in uniting all Malaysians. The method of research usedis by conducting a survey with the students and teachers of Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Halim asrespondents. One of the outcomes is the positive correlation between the different dishes of each raceto the unity of Malaysians. Besides, it is found that food can actually promote mutual understandingamong Malaysian citizens. It can be seen vividly that nowadays unity among Malaysians is strongerthan in other countries. This can be proven by the results of the research done. In school, studentsare found to be familiar with dishes such as yong tau fu, roti canai, and rojak . In fact, students eatthese dishes almost every day although those dishes are not from their own cultures. Whether werealise it or not, food has actually changed the lifestyles of Malaysians where in this modern worldMalaysians love to spend their time at Mamak stalls with their friends who are of different races. Withthis modern lifestyle, even the weak become strong when they are united. 5 |symposium frs 2012
  • The Roles of Youth in Promoting Cultural Awareness By: Shafeeq Ahlami Bin Khairul Aman SBPI Kubang Pasu, Kedah, MalaysiaPerception of people today is that youth and culture are never going to blend. The advent of fastgrowing technologies and vast modernisation has overshadowed the beautiful culture that has beenkept safe by our ancestors for us to make this world a better place for everybody. It is not surprisingthat culture is in the backburner in the minds of youths and for some it has no place at all.We live, we breathe and we sleep culture, and as youths who want unity and peace on Mother Earth,why do we not make a paradigm shift and realise that culture is everything that matters? One day isnever enough for us to talk about culture because the word itself has an enormous meaning to everyperson in this world.Youths are the future and creating cultural awareness among us is essential to ensure that this worldis filled with culture exuberance in every corner regardless of colour and race. The world is ours in thefuture and when we have culture in our hearts; it is a matter of time before the world will unite as one. 6 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity By : Amal Azraai Bin Che Azuha Sekolah Menengah Sains Kubang Pasu, Kedah, MalaysiaWhat does the phrase Cultural Diversity mean? The word cultural can be defined as connected withthe culture of a particular society or group, its custom and believes, whereas, diversity means a rangeof many people or things that are very different from each other. On the other hand, cultural diversityis a colossal influence to generate global unity.Malaysia. A country concealed behind the epicentre of major economic growth in the Asian region,is actually becoming the epitome of vibrant cultures. In fact, throughout this harmonic country livemultiple races such as Malays, Chinese, Indians and others that live together peacefully. It all startedin the early 1900s when the British brought in a throng of migrants from India and China to work in theestates and as labourers. Since then, Malaysia has become the focus of diverse cultures in the region.Each race here has its own unique celebrations, customs and ways of life. Although each of the racesis different in a myriad of ways, the citizens of Malaysia still live in peace and harmony. The unityestablished in the past is simply too tough to be destroyed.In conclusion, we, as the responsible successors of Malaysian future, should endeavour to preservethis cultural bond forever. Besides, we should always respect the beliefs of other races and side-stepall the sensitive issues that could cause dissension. The continuity of this cultural bonding is vital as itsignifies our ultimate global unity. 7 |symposium frs 2012
  • Tolerance Promotes Group Harmony By: Husna Izzati Binti Sabri Sekolah Menengah Sains Pokok Sena, Kedah, MalaysiaThe 21st century is known for the creation of the modern state in which culture is still regarded asan important aspect in our life. Our world is rich with cultural diversity. There are many differencesamong these cultures such as in the aspect of social life, moral values, beliefs, religions, customsand norms. However, problems arise when people are aware of these differences yet they do notrespect them. These problems turn into something worse which leads to a new form of prejudicecalled racism which propagates the belief that some races are superior to others. This new prejudicecauses people to be disunited.In order to overcome this problem, we have come up with an overview of the issue entitled GlobalCultures Generate World Unity: Tolerance Promotes Group Harmony.Tolerance literally means the willingness to accept something especially opinions or behaviour thatwe may not agree with or people who are distinguished in term of something that is different fromus. In other words, tolerance is the capacity for the practice of recognizing and respecting the beliefsor practices of others.The objectives of this research conducted are to highlight the importance of tolerance for groupharmony, to encourage the practice of tolerance in life and to overcome the problem of racism.The methodology of our research consists of three stages, which are observation, surveys and dataanalysis.Tolerance is one of the key issues in solving the problems of racism that are prevalent in our worldand it could be practiced in many aspects of life. If all the people who are from different backgrounds,cultures, religions and beliefs could learn to be tolerant towards each other, peace and harmony willrule in our life. Hence, it is proven that tolerance is the catalyst necessary to promote group harmony. 8 |symposium frs 2012
  • Amalgamation through Technology Advancement By: Farah Iliyana bt Mohd Noor Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mohamad Jiwa, Kedah, MalaysiaThe people of today have undergone a lot of changes due to globalisation as the world now is growingrapidly by leaps and bounds. This is mostly caused by the emerging wave of technology which createsa new shift in cultural life of the society throughout the globe.In the present era, the people now are more technology-savvy. Through advancements in technology,a lot of people nowadays are exposed to cultures from other countries. A lot of mediums now arecommonly-used used by the public every day. Thus, this situation is expected to generate a new formof culture which indirectly will promote unity among these people. The question is what are the kindsof technology which contribute to this unity? Also, how do these advancements play their role inchanging the paradigm? Is there really any efficient medium where the process of inter-culturing canbe established?Therefore, these advancements in technology might have a huge impact in creating a new-dimensionin the way of life of today‟s society. It is believed that through this technology global unity can begenerated via its worldwide standardised usage. 9 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture By: Muhd Ikmal Bin Ahmad Hanizar Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas Kedah, MalaysiaCulture consists of the beliefs, behaviour, objects and other characteristics common to the membersof a particular group or society. In another definition, culture is presented as the way of life. A countrythat has a variety of customs or cultures is considered unique and interesting. One of the importantreasons for maintaining a culture is the culture of values and the attitudes of respect. Both of theseare almost non-existent in the youths of our country.Cultural awareness can be developed in different ways such as by organising Youth Cultural Camps. Atthis camp, youths will be exposed to traditional skills and cultural values. Both of which are importantresources for preventing involvement in negative activities such as substance abuse, gangsters andviolence. Positive behaviour increases the capacity of the whole community to cope with change.Understanding one‟s culture is an essential part of building culture. If someone is different, or holdsdifferent beliefs, it does not mean he is bad or wrong. Although many educated adults understandthis, children or students often do not have the ability or knowledge to grasp this concept.Being aware of our culture dynamics is a difficult task because culture is not conscious to us. Sincebirth, we have learnt to see and do things at an unconscious level. Our experiences, our values andour cultural backgrounds lead us to see and do things in a certain way. Sometimes we have to stepoutside of our cultural boundaries in order to realize the impact that our culture has on our behaviour.It is very helpful to gather feedback from foreign friends on our behaviour to get a clearer picture ofour culture traits. 10 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture By: Amzar Bin Hudzairi Sekolah Menengah Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin Pulau Pinang , MalaysiaYouth is the time of life between childhood and adulthood (maturity). Definitions of the specific agerange that constitutes youth vary. Culture in Latin is cultura, lit. (“cultivation”) is a term that has manydifferent inter-related meanings. However, the word culture is most commonly used in three basicsenses which are excellence of taste in the fine arts and humanities, also known as high culture; anintegrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behaviour that depends upon the capacity forsymbolic thought and social learning; and the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices thatcharacterizes an institution, organization, or group.In Wikipedia, youth culture is the sum of the ways of living of adolescents; it refers to the body of norms,values, and practices recognized and shared by members of the adolescent society as appropriateguides to actions. Youth culture is specific to adolescents, and differs at least partially from the cultureof older generations. Elements of youth culture include beliefs, behaviours, styles, and interests. Anemphasis on clothes, popular music, sports, vocabulary, and dating set adolescents apart from otherage groups, giving them what many believe is a distinct culture of their own.The purpose of doing this research is to study whether youth culture is important to generate globalunity. Furthermore, this research has been done to prove that youths also have the ability to unitepeople around the globe. To complete this task, three methods were used. They are Internet browsing,literature review, and discussions and exchange of ideas among us. All these methods helped us toachieve the objectives of this research. Based on this research, we successfully proved that youth areable to generate global unity through culture. 11 |symposium frs 2012
  • K-Pop: The New Wave of Global Entertainment By: Muhammad Hanif Omar Bin Mohd. Yazid Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Perak, MalaysiaThe term “K-pop” is recognised as a rising youth culture globally. But most of us do not know what itreally is. K-pop, short for Korean Pop by definition is a musical genre consisting of dance, pop, hip hop,electro-pop, rock, R&B and electronic music originating in South Korea. K-pop began gaining widerinternational attention under the name of “the Korean Wave”, or Hallyu in Korean. The purpose of thisresearch is to identify the popularity of K-pop as a global youth culture. K-pop went through a processof trial and error before it become famous. K-pop music is unique and catchy. It features a repetitivechorus with a synchronized group dance, for example the song Nobody by Wonder Girls which becamea phenomenon.K-pop has become a phenomenon around the globe through the Internet. The Korean managementagencies driving the K-pop craze have for the last several years been making active use of socialnetwork services like Facebook and Twitter and operating their own channels on YouTube. Fans allover the world copy the dance moves and upload them on YouTube, thus, attracting people aroundthe world to K-pop. Fans demand these K-pop groups to perform in their countries by doing flashmobs and group dances to attract these artistes. From my research, I can conclude that despite its lackof history, Korean pop culture sells itself as a global standard, and is now an integral part of Korea‟snational image and brand, like Korean semi-conductors or Korean cars. This did not happen overnight:it was a product of many years of hard work, planning, and investment. 12 |symposium frs 2012
  • Achieving Global Unity through Food By: Meor Mohd Hakeem Bin Meor Hashim Sekolah Menengah Sains Teluk Intan, Perak, MalaysiaEstablishing a strong bond among people from all around the world with food as its catalyst may soundalmost impossible and unachievable. However, with globalisation, the world has become smaller andcommunities are more accepting of one another. Thus, nothing is impossible in these modern days.Global unity can only be materialised if we focus on our common ties rather than on our differences,and food, as we all know, has the power to get people to sit together. How can food achieve unity?This is the issue that we have been pushing very hard; achieving global unity through food. Food is ourmost valuable heritage. We work hard to improvise with our food to make them better, more deliciousand mouth-watering, without changing the recipes and by adding new spices and proteins. We changethe look but not the recipe. As the saying goes, to understand the food means to understand theculture. We would like to introduce you to our four research outcomes which are globalisation of food,uniqueness of delicacies, culinary education and government programmes. Understanding the cultureof a certain dish will help a lot in making this idea come to life. Food has its own ways of establishingunity. Every country in the world, without exception, has its own signature dish that comes along witha magnificent culture. We will guide you all the way in order to make you not only understand it butactually want to be part of it. We will emphasise on the evolution of certain dishes that have becomea worldwide sensation. The dishes normally originated from far corners of the world and throughintegration of cultures via education and marriage, have been modified, transformed and given anew lease of life. All the significant points about the culture and origin of the food that we got frominterviewing people and mass media would be explained thoroughly throughout the presentationsession. Through these methods, global unity can be achieved, thus, making this world a better placefor the future generations to consider as home. 13 |symposium frs 2012
  • Multiculturalism Generates Mutual Tolerance among Nations By: Safuan Bin Sabri The Malay College Kuala Kangsar Perak, MalaysiaA convergence of multiple races like this symposium is not a rarity in Malaysia. But the likelihood ofthese conferences to generate a productive feedback to make a difference is slim. This is due to the factthat understanding between cultures is not a subject that we speak of daily, thus, indoctrinating ourminds into a tenebrous box of stereotypical view. Without a proper understanding of one‟s culture,diplomatic relationships between countries cannot be established. This can only be realised oncethe representative of a nation, be he a student, diplomat, politician, world leader or, of the utmostimportance, society open their eyes and minds towards tolerating living in a diverse community. Oneof the many problems that people are facing today is the arrogance of a culture in its refusal to acceptothers. In this example, people don‟t see the relevance of multiculturalism.This research has been conducted to show how multiculturalism contributes to the advancement ofsociety and the obstacles that we face to overcome cultural intolerance in trying to generate globalunity. In this era of globalisation, the differences between cultures can lead to the degradation ofpeace and harmony. As long as there are people who cannot accept and tolerate a multiculturalsociety, a disruption of peace will arise. Therefore, we will also discuss the catch-22 of changing. 14 |symposium frs 2012
  • Gourmet’s Globalisation By: Hana Maryam Binti Mohammad Kamal Sekolah Menengah Sains Raja Tun Azlan Shah Perak, MalaysiaFood is any substance consumed to provide nutrition. Food, which is consumed daily, is believedto somehow connect us with the people around us. The variety of food plays an important role inuniting people. Therefore, we are here with our research entitled Gourmet’s Globalisation to proveto everyone that food indeed has brought human beings together over the centuries, with the hopethat everyone will trust us and cooperate with us to continue uniting people through cuisines. Byorganizing open houses and attending festivals, we have observed the effectiveness of food in bringingpeople together. The diversity in delicacies has indeed opened the minds of people to accept everyonearound us and ignore the differences that separate us. By doing so, food becomes the dominant factorin uniting people globally. Its cross-cultural influence has attracted humans to understand more aboutone‟s culture. Cuisines sure do act as an agent of fusion between people from all walks of life. It haseven become a medium to conserve the culture by preserving its taste and origins. Food createsadvantages out of differences, thus creating a special bond between people. After all, food reallydoes create unity in diversity. As a result, we can now see that humans are getting more tolerant andopen-minded in seeing things and giving opinions. They tend to think of others‟ cultures and customsfirst before making a decision on something. This shows that food has a strong influence on people byintroducing them to one‟s culture. This proves that when Mary Frances Kennedy Fisher said Sharingfood with another human being is an intimate act that should not be indulged in lightly, she wasabsolutely right. 15 |symposium frs 2012
  • Nurturing Global Unity through Cultural Diversity By :Mohamad Firdaus bin Mat Din SBPI Gopeng, Perak, MalaysiaWhat is cultural diversity? Culture is defined as an act in which a group of people or a society practiceevery day in their daily life which eventually became their identity or tradition whereas diversity issynonymic to variation. In other words, cultural diversity gives the meaning of a variety of traditionand identity born from different societies. As we all know, the world today is experiencing an erawhere unity is a must in order to sustain peace and harmony. In my paperwork, I would be glad to dealwith some aspect of global unity through cultural diversity. Unity through cultural diversity means toexplore and enhance a common value that emphasizes interdependence, equality, justice, humanrights and the sanctity of each individual dignity. Our goal is to further a unified vision and recognitionof the principal of “Unity and Diversity”. In Malaysia, our Prime Minister had successfully introduceda well-accepted policy which is 1 Malaysia and the policy unites all Malaysians. The same goes to awider scope, the global community where cooperation between countries is very crucial. Throughthis, we can build a more inclusive community grounded in respect of differences based on races,culture, religion, gender, political affiliation and ethnicity. In the process of nurturing global unity, weare able to identify four important principals that need to be practised by the world community inorder to turn this dream into a reality. The four principals are:• to honour the dignity of each race that stands in this world• to create a basic equality among all humans• to execute universal human rights• to establish a fundamental in freedom of thought, conscience and beliefI believe that through these principals we are able to generate world unity. 16 |symposium frs 2012
  • Food- A Recipe for Our Unity By: Norazeera Bte Al-Wahab Sekolah Menengah Sains Tapah Perak, MalaysiaIt is not exaggerating when we say food can be a catalyst for unity. When we talk about food, it isimportant for us to understand the heritage of the food we digest. We should also understand whatfood can generate; what the government can generate through food. Food itself is a culture. It bringsthe world together. These days, we are left with the impression that social networks, technology aswell as gadgets are the mediums that unite the world. What we have failed to realize is that we havebeen underestimating how much food has helped in the process. In fact, food is one of the mainreasons why people have been bonding around the world in the first place. In the presentation tocome, the bent will be straightened; the dark will be lit and the lost will be found. The presentation willbe full of answers for questions that may or may not have run through your minds when you considerour catalyst. Explanations will be given about the how, why and what proves food as the recipe for thedelicious unity among the nations around the globe, how the government can help in the making ofthis particular recipe and how this can affect us, the younger generations, the generations before aswell as the ones to come. Let us show you the ingredients, let us feed you your cravings and let us fulfilyour appetite. All you have to do is sit back, relax, and enjoy the meal. Let us indulge you, because yes,food is the recipe for unity. Ironic, isn‟t it? 17 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity: Culture and Language By: Muhammad Hazemm Iman Bin Azlee Sekolah Menengah Sains Bagan Datoh, Perak, MalaysiaFor many people, language is not just a medium of communication but is also a part of culture. Cultureis defined in various ways. The definition usually includes some notion of shared values, beliefs,expectations, customs, jargon, and rituals. Language is the set of common sounds and symbols bywhich individuals communicate (Shelling, 1960). Multiculturalism seems to be on the rise around theworld. One of the most tangible proofs is the recent growth of bilingual and multilingual education.It is great that all residential schools in Malaysia require students to take up a foreign language,however, a few auxiliary ventures need to be taken in order to help the students understand therelationship between language and culture and how it helps to promote global unity. As cliché as itmay sound, Language Month is an activity carried out in school to promote the use of the differentlanguages. Throughout the month, students are not just exposed to the linguistic aspect and itsappreciation, but also how it is related to the culture of the people who speak the language.This programme is carried out biannually in SABDA, specifically, in the months of April and September.Through activities carried out, the students could generate a kind of unique new mentality that is ableto form a spirit of individualism with surprising ability to adapt, receive and celebrate global unitytogether. These activities can diminish barriers such as cultural, racial and social which surround thenative society; these barriers imbue the society with amplified prejudices towards foreign languages. 18 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture and Language By : Nur ‘Adillah Bt. Mohd Anuar Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Selangor, Selangor, MalaysiaIn a world where different types of people living in different countries, there is bound to be differentcultures. What is culture? And most importantly, how do we discover our own culture and differentpeople`s culture from different countries?Logically, we would know what our culture is, based on the things that we do and see everyday, but tounderstand it completely, we would have to spend some time to gain knowledge about it. To understandother people`s culture, we would have to put much more effort because misunderstanding towardsit might lead to a global disaster. Therefore, it is important that we understand each others cultureso that we can gain global unity. Art is something considered to be very complicated to understand,especially if it does not originate from our own country. To understand art, one must be interested init and not take it as something simple.The two major sides I am about to elaborate on is arts of the West and arts of the East. I will onlyelaborate on Malaysia for there are too many countries from the East. Western music, paintings,literature and stage performing technique have grown literally global, while Eastern countries suchas Malaysia, likes to keep its tradition alive and only modernize its music and other artistic values sothat it would be more eye-catching and attractive to younger generations. By being open-minded andlook at the positive side of things, I believe that we can reach global unity by uniting global culturesbecause possibilities are endless and the results are only known after the experiment is done. 19 |symposium frs 2012
  • Young Urban and Profesional By : Nurl Nadiah Nabilah Bte Abdullah Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Kajang, Selangor, MalaysiaA very obvious global culture that is in-trend right now is the explosion of yuppies. What exactlyare yuppies? It is a term coined to describe a group of people within the age range of 25 – 40 whowant the perfect career and life i.e. young, urban and professional. It is a commonly held belief thathaving something in common with someone else no matter how different the two parties are can bea mutual ground for them to start a conversation. Therefore, through this project we strive to provethat students aspiring to be yuppies have a common background for them to communicate hencespurring interaction between youths and forming a socially cohesive network. The aim of the proposedresearch is to identify students‟ level of communication with people with whom they have things incommon. Through this research we hope to find answers to the following questions: First, how manystudents are willing to join the global village by aspiring to be a yuppie? Second, what is the level ofreadiness among students to generate world unity in terms of their ability to use the English Languageas a means of communication at the international level? Third, how equipped are these students tobecome global citizens with regards to their intellectual, emotional, physical and spiritual readiness?Respondents involved are 173 Form Five students of Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Kajang.Data collection involves a survey using a questionnaire constructed by the school counselling unit.Analysis of percentage is done on the data and the results are described in percentage using graphsand tables. The research findings will be used by the school to ensure students are able to create asocial network within the society. 20 |symposium frs 2012
  • Unity Starts from the Tummy By: Ainaa Najihah Bte Abdul Rahim SBPI Sabak Bernam Selangor, MalaysiaIn history, food has been an essential need for survival. Mankind hunted, fished and even killed justto satisfy their hunger to avoid starvation. As years passed, food has evolved from being the solenecessity, to a luxury item. Food has become one of life‟s greatest pleasures. Every person in everycountry has his own culinary preference. Although each of us has different tastes, we all share thesame love for food.Malaysia, the melting pot of cultures, not to mention the centre of diverse cuisines, has cuisines frommany races and cultures, among which are Indian style cooking, Chinese food, and Malay cuisine. Thebest part is that even though there are so many types of food with different tastes, everyone usuallylikes to eat them. This is proven in most food courts throughout Malaysia that sell capati, wantan, nasilemak, and other wonderful food.When we talk about the cuisines of the world, we are talking about the international appetite aroundthe globe. Many of us realize that all the cuisines have various styles of cooking and also various kindsof tastes. However, all of these foods can be acquired in our own country, Malaysia. This shows thatfood is becoming a factor for bringing nations together.Although we don‟t share the same traditions, apparently we all share the same taste for food. Simplyby sharing our food we are not only satisfying our tummy, we would also be able to share our culturewith others; this is because we believe in the phrase that “you are what you eat”. So, what you eat ishow you live. 21 |symposium frs 2012
  • Arts and Culture Understanding Generates Global Unity By: Syahirah Huda Bte Abd Rahman SBPI Rawang Selangor, MalaysiaAs we are living in the 21st century, art plays a large part in making our lives infinitely richer. Imagine,just for a minute, a world without art and the impact that lack of graphics would have on yourfavourite video games or even your favourite website. Art stimulates different parts of our brains andgives us a way to be creative and express ourselves. Besides, art is also something that makes us morethoughtful and well-rounded humans.There have been a lot of art exhibitions being held globally, almost anytime and anywhere, and it hasencouraged me to come up with a paper on this very topic – Arts and Culture.In my paper, I would like to deal with various aspects of both arts and culture which I find veryinteresting in the current state of the world. This paper attempts to offer possible initiatives on howwe, youths of today and leaders of tomorrow, can play a vital role in promoting arts and global cultureto generate world unity.Instilling interest in arts and culture among the society is not an easy task. So I believe that today‟syouth is the key. Youths are the medium and the first step towards promoting arts and culture, andthe only way forward is to start with today‟s generation.In my paper, I will propose the initiatives and efforts on how we could promote arts and culturebetween the different religions and races and how we can play our role. Youth can show the way tofoster cooperation, instead of competing and highlighting differences, in the hope that this will helpto promote arts and culture globally; thus, contributing to world unity in general. 22 |symposium frs 2012
  • Decoding Malaysia By: Aiman Azfar bin A. Rahman Sekolah Menengah Sains Alam Shah, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaNations around the world are racing to pursue modernization parallel to the progress experiencedby other nations at the cost of humanity and unity in their society. However, this is not the case forMalaysia, as the diversity is turned into an asset to generate unity through the uniqueness of herculture. The root of her diverse cultures can be traced through history to the colonization era duringwhich there was migration of labourers and skilled workers from China and India. These changed thelandscape of Malaysia forever. The Chinese brought, among others, their lion dance and the Indiansgave us with their exotic clothing. As time went by, these cultures and customs were integrated andhas been assimilated and adapted by the natives. This variety of cultures mingled, thus, generatingunity through the new norm of the community such as found during festive occasions. Proofof assimilation can be seen through the monuments, artefacts, food and historical places aroundMalaysia. By successfully overcoming the adversity of racism, Malaysia has become the benchmark forother nations to achieve unity by utilizing their diversity of culture. Our paper will deal with how thisdiversified customs and cultures make what Malaysia what she is today. The objective of this researchis to prove how these cultures have made their way into our lives making us Malaysian. We also tryto find how these different backgrounds show themselves in our modern Malaysia via our buildings,artefacts, food and the remnants of buildings/monuments. We relied quite heavily on our peers andteachers to respond to our questionnaire. We also spent a significant number of hours surfing theInternet for the details that we need. The outcome proves that the cultures have successfully mergedand is considered the native culture, thus, indirectly generating unity. 23 |symposium frs 2012
  • Global Culture Generates World Unity : Culture Preservation By: Syahirah Hanis Bte Abd Ghafar Sekolah Menengah Sains Seri Puteri, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaGlobal unity ensues from an evolving awareness and ongoing support of universal values and issuesamid appreciation of diversity. These values and issues include peace, compassion, respect, justice,equality, social responsibility, human rights, and environmental preservation. Objectives:• To study more about culture of multiracial society in Malaysia;• To build cross-cultural understanding and provide vital services to communities; and• To create awareness among Malaysians to practise culture which will further enhance global unity.Our research was based on observation of the status quo of the surrounding. We also did someresearch on this issue on the Internet. The outcomes of our research are we get to appreciate multi-cultural and multi-racial harmony in Malaysia and inculcate the value of respecting others . We canunderstand people all around us better and instigate good communication. We are now more awareof the importance of preserving our culture. One defines culture as the way of living developed andtransmitted by a group of human beings, consciously or unconsciously, to subsequent generations.To be precise, ideas, beliefs, values, attitudes, and traditions become accepted and standardised in aparticular group as an attempt to meet continuing needs. By preserving a country‟s local customs, abetter understanding among the citizens of a nation can be achieved. When peace is a sure thing in ourcountry, it is not impossible for the people of this whole world to achieve the best of global unity andlive happily regardless of their differences in life. Architecture also plays an important role in culturalpreservation. Old buildings should be preserved as their architecture symbolises the hardships facedby our ancestors to protect this country. Do not let our culture and history die with our ancestors, orwe might not be able to live harmoniously as we are doing now. 24 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity By: Alya Farhanah Binti Mohd Tarmizee Sekolah Menengah Sains Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaCulture exists everywhere in the world. Malaysia has all it takes to be a melting pot of cultures withher uniqueness. The cultures are many and rich in their own beauty. The people are able to maintainracial harmony and live peacefully. The diversity of global culture has cast a spell on the whole world,showing how it can generate unity between countries as well as strengthen ties between two or moreraces. Therefore, culture is undeniably, a part of everyone‟s life. We can never be separated fromculture as it would always be around us.The theme Global Culture Generates World Unity demonstrates the dire need for everyone tounderstand the diverse cultures of the world in order to achieve ultimate unity. We would thenunderstand and respect other cultures, thus preventing wars and conflicts due to cultural differences.Diversity of culture in this era might somehow be confused with other cultures since culturalassimilation has been happening throughout the years. Without understanding, one can never knowthe true meaning.The methods used in this study include gathering information from the Internet and observing thelatest issues on cultural differences in a school. The information gathered shows that many aspects ofculture such as language, tradition, food, customs and rituals lead to ultimate unity.This paper also shows that learning a new culture helps in fostering the unity.“We could learn a lot from crayons. Some are sharp, some are pretty, some are dull, some have weirdnames and different in colours. But, they all fit nicely into the same box.” 25 |symposium frs 2012
  • Arts and Culture Understanding Generates Global Unity By: Mohammad Arif Husaini Bte Azaman SBPI Gombak, Selangor, MalaysiaGlobalisation is neither the panacea which will cure mankind of all problems and conflicts nor is itthe ultimate calamity that will strike down the cultures of the world. To be sure, globalisation hasenormous effects on cultural heritage. Globalisation has been, perhaps, the most significant force increating and proliferating cultural identity, and of unifying the world.All the peoples of the world are different; they have their own identities derived from their indigenouscultural backgrounds and their personal value systems. It is also important to understand that peopledo have a great deal in common. Every person, at a fundamental level, needs more or less the samethings such as acceptance, respect, love, security, peace and generally, a good life. Their differencesare what make this world a vibrant and creative place to live.To succeed in this increasingly borderless world, one needs to go beyond the familiar and embrace theunfamiliar and the diverse; one must tolerate and accept different customs, behaviours, languages,attitudes and values. However, certain values such as humanity are still important to maintain apeaceful world. In order to have such values, it is important for the youths to internalise them ata young age, preferably at home, to enable them to practise them in society. Young people in thisregard have a special role to play. They are most at stake; it is they who will inherit the problemscreated today and yesterday. Therefore, young people have the right, not just the responsibility, to beequipped with a good set of values. As a society then, the youths will learn to accept and be tolerantof each other‟s cultures and should be willing to share them with the world. 26 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Preservation By: Mohd Nazmi Bin Zamali Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah, Putrajaya, MalaysiaFor thousands of years, during which human civilisation has been evolving, the evolution of humanculture which encompasses the way they live has been a never ending process, but at the end of thecentury, mankind underwent tremendous economic progress and technological advancements, andinadvertently, they ignored their cultural heritage. As a result of letting go of what their forefathershad shaped for generations, their whole-hearted adoption of a way life which is in contrast to theirparents‟, brings about many socio-cultural issues, and the most prevalent is the corrosion of valueswhich occurs in society when the moral and ethical aspects of a culture fails to impress its youth.Besides that, another issue is the razing of heritage sites, regardless of whether they are UNESCO-gazetted or otherwise. How are our children to feel the aura of the past which would be idling in thehalls of these places?Aside from the issue of the missing link in our heritage, the tourism industry would be affected aswell, since their absence would lead to the reduction in the number of tourists. A solution to this issuewould be to make amendments to the legislation in which there exist some loopholes that enableirresponsible people to manipulate the bureaucracy.Another issue which arises as a result of the dramatic change in the way of life is people not appreciating,and to a certain extent, forgetting their cultural heritage, for example people wearing traditional garbsor playing traditional games. It is not wrong to change one‟s way of life and embrace globalisation,but it is wrong when someone denies his or her cultural roots. A solution to this epidemic is to instil inchildren an appreciation for their culture. 27 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture Vibes By : Nurshahirah Rozman Sekolah Seri Puteri, Cyberjaya, MalaysiaGlobal culture is broad and all encompassing and unique and complex in its definition that thereshould not be one single opinion on what it is. Global culture is something shared in common by theglobal society including ideology, beliefs and customs. This being the case, one in particular is veryclose to being nearly perfect overall definition.Cultural diversity is a range of different societies or people with different origins, religions and traditionsall living and interacting together. The ideology of global culture generates world unity is somethingthat the youth should be aware of in reaching the objective of world unity. The youngsters have tothink out of the box on strategies to understand world culture in order to create bonding for unity inthis world. Certain activities such as exchange programmes and introduction of international studiesin schools for better tolerance among nation are some of the most effective ways in achieving theideology of generating world unity. The great unity in our world will contribute to a great developmentin every aspect, so it is proven that global culture is thus an important asset that is indispensable forpoverty reduction and the achievement of sustainable development in everything. In a nut shell, weas the leaders of tomorrow should think beyond the boundaries of our minds and work for broadergoals of enhancing the unity of the modern world. 28 |symposium frs 2012
  • Food and Unity By: Ahmad Solihin Bin Ishak Sekolah Menengah Sains Banting Selangor, MalaysiaFood is commonly known as things that people or animals eat, meanwhile, unity is known as thestate of being in agreement and working hand-in-hand or being joined together to form one unit(Oxford Advanced Learner‟s Dictionary, 2010). This paper aims to approach the subject of how foodcan strengthen the ties between cultures.Local food represents the local culture and despite the ethnic differences there are commonalities,culturally speaking. Food, thus, act as a medium to unite different cultures throughout the countryand provide global unity. Students of various races are interviewed and a simple instrument is used.Data is also obtained from research findings and writings, both in Malaysia and overseas. Localcuisine, primarily consisting of Malay, Chinese and Indian food, has its hybrid derived from crosscultural influences such as Mamak (Indian Muslim) and Nyonya (the Malay-Chinese mix). Food is oneway to make people happy. It can also unite people from all walks of life and cultures. Food bringslove, peace and compassion to the table. Gotong royong is one of the effective ways of enhancingracial integration. It brings together all races while cleaning housing areas or cooking for feasts. Thisshows the spirit of unity when they carry out the Gotong royong together. The food is cooked bymany races in their own way. This will allow the guests to taste many kinds of food. In a nutshell, thispaper concludes that food and unity will complement each other in many ways. The food that weeat leads to a different aroma of unity. Malaysians can unite as one big family through the sharing ofMalaysian food. In the attempt to achieve this goal, all Malaysians must bear responsibility to helpachieve greater integration and stronger national unity. 29 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity : An Islamic Perspective By: Fitri Hanif Bin Mansor Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Labu, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaIf we are to open our eyes wide enough to see through the windows of the world, we would realizethat there is an uncountable number of cultures in the place where we are now. So, the point is,how we are supposed to use the abundance of culture is seen as an important component, an assetrather than a liability of development. However, the variety of culture itself will not contribute to thedevelopment unless it comes with understanding. As we could see, the government in our countryitself is pin-pointing on 1 Malaysia because it is that which helps in developing the country. However,the world nowadays is facing greater challenges to achieve global unity. The world as we see it is marredand charred with riots, quarrels and the worst scenario that could happen is for example the riots inEgypt where wars, battles, weapons, and killing are involved. Such incidents are the consequences ofwhen there is lack of cultural understanding, and also when people are dismissing it unintentionallydue to being influenced by their emotions. That is why; we should have a mechanism to implantcultural understanding in every individual. Fortunately, Islam in its fundamental and principles alreadyhave the required formula to work with. Without doubt, if we are able to fully utilize what Islam hasto offer, the world will be a place of peace 30 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture throughout History By: Nadiah Syahirah Kolej Tunku Kurshiah, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaBackground: Culture has many different inter-related meanings. One of the common definitions is„The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterises an institution, organization,or group.‟ Throughout the centuries, cultural differences had been divided by continents, i.e. Westernand Asian. We can further divide it into European, American, Middle Eastern and South East Asianand Chinese. Globalisation and modern technology have caused socio-cultural evolution resulting inassimilation of culture.Objective: To determine the extent of socio-cultural evolution due to globalisation and its effects oncommunity and global unity.Methodology: Analysing the various printed materials such as TIMES, ASIAWEEK, Economist, andother renowned magazines, materials acquired from the Internet from evidence-based sources,brainstorming sessions amongst youth aged 16-17 years old and a few expert panellists.Results and Summary: Socio-cultural evolution is unavoidable in this current millennium. Assimilationof culture is good to a certain extent. However, total assimilation can result in losing one‟s identity andstereotyping of communities. The youths need to be united to create cultural awareness, and respectfor each other. We need to uphold our integrity and equality, and preserve cultural diversity. Culturaldiversity should be our strength and we should accept our differences and work harder towards thebetterment of humankind. 31 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Awareness and Respect – The Key to World Unity By:Anas B Ab Aziz Sekolah Dato’ Abdul Razak, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaIn this era of rapid technological advancement, the vision of a better world is not one which comprisesinnumerable scientific breakthroughs or epic discoveries. Instead, the vision of a better world is aworld where people from diverse cultures are able to settle their differences and collaborate to solvethe greatest problem our world is facing today – disunity. This paper will delve into how we can strivefor world unity and resolve our most divisive conflicts. The key to this lies in the change of mind-set. There are four types of mind-sets –„My Way Is the Only Way‟, „I Know Their Way but My WayIs Better‟, “My Way and Their Way‟, and „Our Way”. What the world needs today is people with“Our Way‟ mind-set. One of the ways to achieve this is by creating cultural awareness among thepeople. This entails the acquisition of cultural knowledge, cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity andcultural competence. The digestion, integration and transformation of all these skills and knowledgeare imperative for cultural synergy to happen and ultimately, for unity to materialize. 32 |symposium frs 2012
  • The Roles of Youth in Preserving the Heritage in Malaysia By: Nazrin Hakim Bte Nazaruddin Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Jaafar, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaThe united nation has stated that every country has her own natural and unique heritage. Today,due to urbanisation, a large number of our world heritages have been destroyed in the name ofdevelopment.Youth is the period of transition from being a child to becoming an adult. Youths are the ones who willhold the reign of leadership for the next generation. Hence, they have a big responsibility to continueadministrating the world. In order to create true leaders, today‟s youths should realise that their rolein society is vital.Heritage includes the history, religions, cultures and traditions that a country has had for many years.They hold a special bond among the people of the world. Each country always tries to show heridentity through her heritage. Thus, it is crucial to highlight the detrimental effects if heritage is notpreserved.To create a better world, the youths need to know that the world today will not be as it is if not forthe leaders of today who have preserved and sustained the heritage of the nation as they go fordevelopment and modernisation.As Malaysians, heritage has a dear place in our hearts since we live in a multiracial country with racessuch as Malays, Chinese, and Indians to name just a few. Thus, showing how important the role ofyouth is in maintaining their heritage is essential for unity and peace to be conserved. 33 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Awareness and Respect By : Muhammad Naufal Mohmad Shahrir Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Munawwir, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaMalaysia had garnered the world‟s attention for her ability and capability to maintain the unity ofthe nation. Despite criticisms, Malaysia is still able to stand strong due to the cultural awarenessand respect among the people of the different races. Based on this awareness, we will show you theimportance of having cultural awareness and respect in order to achieve the mission of generatingglobal unity.Our presentation will be packed with ideas to generate global unity. We believe that global unitywill only be achieved if each country prioritises the building of unity among her citizens. Our mainobjective is to show that global unity is possible if we have respect and are aware of the culture that ispractised by others. All and all, we truly believe that everyone plays a vital role in making the missiona reality. Thus, we will emphasize the roles that we should play and those that we should discard.In conclusion, culture is part and parcel of life. Tolerating and respecting other cultures would bringus eternal peace and if we keep practising this great value, there would be no doubt that global unityis here to stay. 34 |symposium frs 2012
  • Engaging Youth in Culture Preservation By:Muhammad Adib Bin Kamarulzaman SBPI Jempol, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaCulture is the representation of the sum of all our life‟s experiences – our language, beliefs, rituals,food, clothing and so on. Culture is our touchstone, our point of reference, our identity. Preservingone‟s culture can be likened to preserving the fabric of one‟s existence in the world. The intensityof change and globalization in the twentieth century put the sites, arts and artefacts, language andintellectual property of many cultures in danger of destruction. There is a worrying tendency for youthto forgo their distinctive culture in place of technological advancement and mass consumerism. Ifthe conservation ethic is not instilled in the youth of today, cultures will diminish at the hands ofignorance, negligence and encroachment in the future. The importance of culture must be internalizedin youth through active engagement in culture preservation by harnessing their potential in the fieldof education, through their awareness and involvement. An inclusive education which sensitize youthto the cultural elements in their community is paramount to developing healthy cultural identities.Youths with strong cultural ties are more likely to respect and interact peacefully with other cultures.Raising awareness of the value of culture helps to safeguard oral traditions, performing arts, socialpractices and other expressions handed down through generations, allowing youths to make informeddecisions. Getting youths involved through participation in apprenticeships, volunteering, exchangeprogrammes, networking and intercultural dialogues can foster interest in culture and mobilize youthsto take up leadership roles. Youth‟s inquisitiveness and creativity, as well as their natural ability toforge links beyond their own group, position them as potent agents who can safeguard culture. 35 |symposium frs 2012
  • Breaking Barriers, Widening Horizons By: Nik Aliaa Qistina Binti Nik Zulkipli Sekolah Menengah Sains Rembau, Negeri Sembilan, MalaysiaPrejudice, discrimination, ignorance – a norm in today’s society and our utmost fear, and it is goingfrom bad to worse. It is growing to a bigger scale, taking a massive toll on our most valuable treasure,our culture. The rise in ethnic tensions and wars raging between nations are tarnishing our worldlike cancer cells that mercilessly ravage through our body and kill us in the most painful way to aslow death. This is why we, as youths of the current generation and leader of the future, have tomake a stand together to embrace the differences in the world in order to create a better future formankind. After much research, we have identified the root cause of the disintegration of culture.Ever since World War II, people have discovered the necessities to achieve a world built entirely onunderstanding and the importance of breaking mental barriers to go beyond. These barriers haveprevented us from responding to the call for a better tomorrow. In line with this, we must first re-evaluate the potential of youth that plays a pivotal role in moulding a better world for we, the youths,are the voices of the future generation and are responsible for estasblishing a better world. 36 |symposium frs 2012
  • Food and Unity By: Muhammad Fadil Firdaus bin Anuar SBPI Selandar, Melaka, MalaysiaFood, as defined in the dictionary, is any substance that provides the nutrients necessary to maintainlife and growth when ingested. The culinary history throughout time is indigenous to each civilizationand is often recognised as having its own identity. Malaysia, as a cosmopolitan country, has a potpourriof races of her own, each with its own unique culinary history and traditions.In Malaysia, the Malays created nasi lemak which is rice cooked in coconut milk over 200 years ago.Most Malaysian food consist rice served with meat and vegetables. On the other hand, the Chineseare famous for their noodles and moon cakes. They have their own unique style of cooking and servingfood. In addition, the Indians brought roti canai and chapati to our country.Even though there are many and varied food to be found in each of these cultures, they are able toshare and eat each other‟s dishes. The Malays might eat chapati while the Chinese would eat nasilemak. However, as time passes these foods are combined by the creativity of the cooks to makesignature dishes which are truly Malaysian. Clearly, food can bring unity to people and it is surelypossible on a global scale.Culinary skills and ingredients have been transported and exported by our ancestors since the beginningof time. Food has brought happiness and also brought together people of different backgrounds.During festivals, people of different races and religions come together to prepare numerous variationsof food in harmony.Nonetheless, there are many challenges in using food on a global scale. Each religion may havedifferent taboos and opinions about food. However, the numerous combinations of flavours andtextures of different cuisines can and has brought a multitude of people together. Thus, food can bea catalyst for world peace. 37 |symposium frs 2012
  • Global Culture: The Act of Understanding Multiculturalism By: Adlina Ab Rahim Sekolah Menengah Sains Muzaffar Syah, Melaka, MalaysiaWe live in a multicultural world where we are divided by lands and seas, nationalities, languages,religions and different cultural perspectives. Due to this, a conflict of interests and misunderstandingsusually arises when two people from different cultural backgrounds meet. We cannot take this matterlightly as it can create a barrier between the global society and a balanced advancement for all nations.Through research and analysis of some case studies, we have found that the only way to solve thisproblem is to find similarities and construct a culture, which not only offers understanding, peace andcultural harmony, but also preserves each and every culture‟s personal character and individuality.This is considered to be a guideline to international interactions and hopefully will develop into aglobal culture for every individual who considers himself or herself a positive inhabitant of lovelyMother Earth. 38 |symposium frs 2012
  • The Modern Nightmare By: Alya Hazira Binti Mohamad Kassim Sekolah Tun Fatimah, Johor, MalaysiaIt is sad to see many children nowadays being brought up in an environment where hate and distrustsurrounds them.Racism originates not in the skin but in the human mind. Remedies to racial prejudice, xenophobiaand intolerance must accordingly address first and foremost those mental illusions that have for eonsgiven rise to false concepts of superiority and inferiority among human populations.We believe that this nightmare has emerged because the modern generation neither understandsnor accepts each other‟s culture. This is a major problem as when people do not have a commonground to stand on, all hell would break loose. It is reasonable to say that we can solve this problemby employing culture as a medium for global unity. Even our Prime Minister has stated that Malaysia’scultural, racial and religious diversity is not a hindrance for the people to enjoy harmony withoutmajor differences that could cause conflicts.He also said that the diversity has instead become the country’s source of strength and pride, and thiscreated an ideal condition for the society to live in harmony and solidarity.On the other hand, we are witnessing a new modern wave that is emerging and flourishing. With thehelp of modern technology and communication, it transcends borders easily and even reaches richand poor countries, young and old, east or west, north or south and makes no distinction at all on itsway.Cultural awareness is being appreciative and recognising that people are different all over the world.It means being tolerant and sensitive in many situations and controlling our attitude towards others. 39 |symposium frs 2012
  • Intermarriage as a Catalyst to Improve Global Unity By: Yasmin Binti Mohd Zan Sekolah Menengah Sains Muar, Johor, MalaysiaIn globalised era, increasing population has placed demands on unity. It is believed that internationalmarriage is an instrument for unity. Nearly 1 in 7 marriages in 2008 was interracial or inter-ethnic,according to a report released by the Pew Research Centre Friday. That is more than double theintermarriage rate of the 1980s and six times the intermarriage rate of the 1960s. Most Americanssaid that they approve of interracial marriage, with more than six in ten saying that they are okay ifa family member marries outside of his or her group. Thirty-five per cent said they already have afamily member who is married to someone of a different race or ethnicity. Intermarriage promotesthe conversion of culture and indirectly catalyses unity. The objective of this paper is to elaborate onand demonstrate how intermarriage ignites global unity. It will also states the benefits and providesinformation on the requirements of international marriages. Multiple researches have been done toprove that the union between two races will produce offspring with better genes. Researchers findthat multiracial offspring can adjust better socially. And with high-profile success of multiracial progenysuch as Maya Karin, Tun Hussein Onn, Halle Berry and President Obama, stereotypes about the splitworld of the tragic mulatto have long fallen by the wayside. Moreover, this paper is an effort to turnsociety‟s attention towards the role of international marriages in achieving the spirit of togetherness.In addition, it is also an initiative to help instil a strong awareness of the state of unity, for instance,now the number of Americans who identify themselves as belonging to more than one race has goneup by 33 per cent since 2000. This is evidence that through intermarriage unity can be achieved. 40 |symposium frs 2012
  • A Study of Students’ Perceptions of Hedonistic Culture among Youths in SMS Johor By: Muhd Aizat Bin NoorAzman Sekolah Menengah Sains Johor Johor, MalaysiaCulture can be described in many ways in which human beings express themselves for the purposesof uniting with others, forming a group, defining an identity, and even for distinguishing themselvesas unique. Even with the diverse cultures all around the world, there are no major issues associatedto culture. However, a new culture has crept into the society, „The Hedonistic Culture‟. Putting anemphasis on self-pleasure, this culture has the potential to undermine the efforts to create an idealsociety. Therefore, this research was carried out to gather information on hedonism including activitiesrelated to it, the effects of hedonism and the solutions to this predicament. The research instrumentwas a 16-item questionnaire that was designed to identify student‟s knowledge and perception ofhedonistic culture. The respondents consist of 50 upper secondary students from Sekolah MenengahSains Johor. The research found that 95% of the respondents have relatively low knowledge ofhedonism. They are unaware of the impact of hedonism in their lives. Finally, the findings revealedthat awareness of hedonistic culture is insufficient and clearly shows that there is an urgent need toovercome this problem. 41 |symposium frs 2012
  • Nurturing Global Unity through Cultural Diversity By: Fairuz Najihah binti Kamaruddin Sekolah Menengah Sains Kota Tinggi, Johor, MalaysiaIrrespective of the country that we live in, it will always be better to stay in a place which has adiversified culture. Cultural diversity is when you have people from different countries who of coursehave different beliefs, speak different languages, male and female living and working togetherpeacefully.A culture can be differentiated through many ways, depending on what angle you look it from. The waywe live, the food we eat, the language we speak, the costumes we wear, the festivals we celebrate,and the habits we can never run away from, gives the others a picture of what culture we practise.When we live together in a place where there are a variety of cultures, it is certainly much moreinteresting, enhancing and exciting.When we get to know others coming from a different background, it would certainly spark an interesttowards each other. Interests lead to understanding and by then only can you learn how to respecteach other. Therefore the objective of this research is to understand and reinforce the belief that themore diversified the culture between two groups, the easier it is to get attracted to each other.To require information about global cultures, a few Q&A sessions are done with the teachers in theschool who have studied overseas. Reading the newspapers or magazines and surfing the internet areanother option to obtain ideas about other cultures. Simple surveys had been done in towns nearbyto see how cautious the people in Malaysia about other races.As the outcome, it should be understood that there can never be unity, locally or globally, withoutgetting to know each other first. This is easily done when we are attracted to each other because ofthe diversity of the cultures around us. 42 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture Preservation Generates Global Unity By: Nur Naqiuddin Bin Mdd Nordin Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Iskandar, Johor, MalaysiaCulture preservation is very crucial to conserve the identity of a nation. In fact, culture is one of themain aspects in generating global unity as it can function as a bridge between nations. Therefore,creating awareness and understanding of own as well as other cultures is vital to creating mutualunderstanding across cultures. People need to understand and accept the similarities and differencesbetween different cultures to maintain and preserve the identity of each nation towards the creation ofa global unity. In general, this study is conducted to understand the importance of culture preservationin enhancing global unity. Besides, this study also exposes people‟s awareness of their own culture,and their respect and understanding of other people‟s cultures. There is a set of questionnaire whichis divided into four sections: language, custom, art and food, which is used to obtain the necessarydata. The respondents are Malaysian students aged 16 to 17 years old. The results show that most ofthe respondents are aware of their own culture as well as other cultures. Most of them agreed thatculture awareness is a key to maintaining ones identity where the target is the building of a strongand united nation in order to sustain world peace and harmony. Thus, the study reaffirms that culturepreservation is very important to maintain the identity of a nation. In addition, knowing and sharingknowledge about other cultures give a positive impact where people can understand and respectothers and automatically generate togetherness among nations. 43 |symposium frs 2012
  • Great Food Great Nation: Celebrating Diversity By: Muhammad Nurazwan Rahim SM Sains Sembrong, 86000 Kluang, Johor, MalaysiaFood is the other thing besides sports that unite people. We are proud of our food, which is partof our diverse culture. It is more than a commodity that we consume every day. It has a role ofuniting people instead of differentiating people. In a culturally rich country such as Malaysia, food issomething that all of us enjoy, although in different ways. It reflects the unique „faces‟ and culturesof the races associated with the food. Globalisation also means that the world has become smallerand information spreads at the push of a button. Because of this, people around the world havebecome more adventurous with food. Hence promoting local delicacies to the international arenacan be made faster and simpler. This is not only profitable for businesses but also instils a sense ofpride among Malaysians when our own delightful delicacies go global. In this paper I will talk aboutthe variety of food that reflects the diverse races in Malaysia and how food can play a role in unitingpeople from all walks of life. I will also recommend ways in which local delicacies can be promotedworldwide as a way of promoting Malaysia‟s ethnic and diverse cultures. 44 |symposium frs 2012
  • UNITY IN DIVERSITY By: Muhammad Irfan Syafiq bin Mohd Anuar Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Hj Ahmad Shah, Kuantan, Pahang, MalaysiaIn this era of globalisation interactions among people from every nook and cranny of the world havegone wider and faster, which has led to the emergence of the global culture. Despite the idyllic notionof global culture, universally defined as one culture practiced by everyone across the globe, one maywonder why racial misunderstandings, conflicts, and even hate crimes still occur all over the world.Thus, this paper intends to discover the concept of global culture by identifying the needs for a globalculture, as well as the drawbacks of living it, in order to derive at one conclusion, i.e. whether it is ahealthy practice or otherwise.We gathered empirical data through our observations of people‟s responses and opinions on culturalissues via various online forum sites, video clips of academic talks and dialogues, as well as throughstudies of scholarly writings and related articles.Our study reveals that global culture could bring both harm and benefits to the people and the cultureitself. Global culture is needed to eliminate misunderstandings, fight extremism, prevent cultureshock, avoid conflicts or wars, and abolish ethnocentrism. However, global culture has also beenproven to have brought negativity. Studies have identified that global culture has caused culture clash,loss of cultural identity, cultural pattern invasion and cultural imperialism that leads to ethnocentrism,xenocentrism and parochialism.Further study also proves that the current definition of global culture is misleading. It doesn‟t existdue to the vast diversity of cultures from the world‟s various ethnicities. However, we concur to thefact that globalization has caused traditional cultures to be reshaped or even eliminated.The conclusion derived from this study is that diversity should be appreciated and the differences thatarise should be addressed with respect and understanding, so that we‟ll sustain the unity in diversity. 45 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity: The Gateway to Malaysia’s Harmony and Prosperity By: Mohammad Asyraff Zulkif B Mohd Yusof Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Abdullah, Pahang, MalaysiaCultural diversity has brought about multi-racial conflicts into the world ever since people becameliterate. Perhaps in the old days, it was not the culture itself that had become the issue, but thedifferences that had come into the spotlight. Be it the language or the social standard of an individual,the differences have become a major concern when a group of people with different culturalbackgrounds live together under one roof. Combining the differences and minimizing the gap aremissions that many countries have tried to achieve.Negative assumptions have been made regarding the cultural diversity concept. Consequently, manypeople have chosen to fight against the idea of creating a culturally diverse community in theirhomeland.It has become our objective to find causes and consequences of cultural diversity in Malaysia. Ourfindings, which are based on our research through observations, interview sessions with people inmixed-marriages and reports by scholars, have opened the path to our realization of the whole newlife concept.Generally, our studies on cultural diversity show that the life concept could be a crisis and at thesame time a blessing to Malaysia. The formation of culture diversity from various occurrences suchas foreign colonization and migration has brought about the pros and cons of this life concept. Thedifferences between the cultures bring issues like ethnocentrism and identity crisis among our people.Despite all these setbacks, there is the bright side of culture diversity which has resulted in theuniqueness of Malaysia. The blending of cultures in Malaysia has, therefore, become its best feature. 46 |symposium frs 2012
  • The Role of Youth in Generating World Unity By: Ariff Sufi Bin Muhamad Yusuf Sekolah Sains Sultan Hj Ahmad Shah Pekan, Pahang, MalaysiaGlobal culture generates world unity. And how is this related to youth? Generally, looking at thetheme from a bird‟s eye view, the main idea is the application of a uniform culture globally, in aneffort to unite the world. We would love to offer and affirm that Muslim culture is one of the bestcultures that will guarantee world unity, but if and only if, each of us really understand the culture.However, it doesn‟t mean that if I am a Christian, I need to convert to Islam. It merely means that Ijust need to follow the Muslim culture. Why must we refer to Muslim culture? It is because the waythey treat people, the way they eat, the way they talk, the way they walk and even the way they sleephad proven that it will lead to glory. There was a time, when three-quarters of the world was part ofthe Islamic empire. Besides that, Prophet Muhammad p.b.u.h. was once declared the best leader ofthe world. He lead through example. Thus, with his role-model style of leadership, Islam turned tohero from zero. The opening of The City of Lights or Madinah Al-Munawwarah, was the peak of hisleadership that really proofs to us that if you live like a true Muslim, and you shall win. When youhave faith, the door to success opens even wider. These are some of the proof that Muslim culture isthe most suitable and reasonable to be applied in daily life. As youths, we will act as the catalyst forgenerating world unity through a global culture. How? Let us tell you when we meet. 47 |symposium frs 2012
  • Global Culture Awareness and Respect in Generating World Unity By: Saiyidatul Shafiqah Zulkifli SBPI Kuantan, Pahang, MalaysiaCulture awareness and respect are crucial components in generating world unity, yet very few reallyunderstand and are enlightened by it. That is why we would like to share the opinions of many on theimportance of culture awareness and respect and how they relate world unity, directly or indirectly, toour lives. We would also look into some of the many ways to inculcate culture awareness and respectin our society.In our research, what we have found is that there are amongst us who think of culture awarenessas something unimportant as they find it difficult to see how understanding and having respect forother cultures can relate to the comfort of their own lives. However, some do believe and hold onto the vitality of culture awareness and respect to the harmony of their lives. We dwell on how theworld would be if culture awareness and respect is truly embraced globally. Other than achieving theobvious world unity, we could also attain world peace by avoiding misunderstandings among differentcultures. We could learn new things and discover different techniques and ways to live life other thanthose available in our culture. If we do not embrace global culture awareness and respect, what wouldprobably happen is that the disharmonious environment we are living in would continue and globaldevelopment would be harshly disrupted and might even be stunted.Here, we look for ways to inculcate culture awareness and respect among the global community.Most people believe that culture awareness and respect are something very abstract but they canmost successfully be inculcated through a shift in paradigm of the people at large. Another likely wayof inculcating culture awareness and respect is by learning about and understanding other culturesvia tourism. 48 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture Generates World Unity By: Ammar Faez Bin Mohd Affandi SBPI Tun Abdul Razak, Pahang, MalaysiaFor centuries, mankind has tried to overcome misunderstandings on the battlefield. This is due to lackof knowledge about other cultures. Today, there are fewer battles, but there have been an increase inconflicts due to cultural or ethnic differences. Therefore, global culture should been the main key togenerate world unity. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the word global is defined as considering,including or something affecting the world, while culture is defined as customs, ideas or beliefs of aparticular society or country. To sum it up, we can say that the term Global Culture is the customs,ideas or beliefs of a particular society or country that affects the world.People see, interpret and evaluate things in different ways. What is considered appropriate behaviourin one culture is frequently inappropriate in another? That is why cultural awareness is very importantin generating world unity. These days, many programmes are conducted to promote culturalawareness such as the British Council Connecting Classroom (BCCC) programme and the StudentsExchange Programme. These programmes help us to explore, appreciate and understand differentcultures better.Furthermore, Cultural Globalisation was a hot issue not long ago but many do not know what it actuallyis. Cultural Globalisation refers to other elements which condition and distinguish humans from othermammals, and gives them a sense of identity which involves the movement of ideas, information,images and people. It can be reflected in many ways such as through sports, social networking, music,etc. In this way, we can produce more brilliant ideas or solutions on how to overcome problems andmisunderstandings without arguments or warfare.After looking deeply into the matter, we can see that these things help to generate global citizenship.Global citizenship can simply be defined as the awareness of the whole world to create global citizensthat stand at the same level. In this context, it can be seen that people realize the importance of havingthe world standing as one when they start to communicate and mingle with other global citizens. Ifthis can be enhanced, we can create world citizens who share the feelings of love and respect towardseach other and this in turn will create a better and peaceful world. Thus, all conflicts will end andcommunal fairness will be created. Hence, our mission to generate world unity will be accomplished. 49 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity By: Mohd Salman Bin Sazli SBPI Temerloh, Pahang, MalaysiaDato’ Seri Najib Tun Razak once said in his speech that his invention, “Gagasan 1Malaysia” was inspiredby a German theologian-philosopher, Prof. Hans Kung, who has rightly observed when he said, “Therecan be no peace in the world if there is no harmony among the religions and cultures for that matter;and there can be no harmony between religions if there is no dialogue amongst them”. This inventionof his has only one particular vision, and that would be UNITY.In Malaysia, we have diverse-races community from different religions, languages, cultures andsocioeconomics. As we all know, the main ethnic groups in this country of ours are the native Malaysas well as large population of Chinese and Indians. And last but not least, although we have suchmix-races in our country, it is obvious that the ethnicities retain their religions, customs and ways oflife. That is why festivals of each ethnic and religion is a public holidays. Other than that, children inour country are educated in the same school and they will eventually work in the same offices andspeak to each other in the same language and that would be Malay language, our National language.Not just that, some of the citizens marry outside their own ethnicity, for example, we have Malay-Chinese, Malay-Indian as well as Chinese-Indian. This happens just because of one particular reason,Malaysians are united and the most important is that WE ARE ONE. Although every race has theirown traditions and lifestyles, we tend to socialize with each other really well. Lastly, born in differentethnicity does not mean we cannot tolerate and communicate with other races, but we are mostencouraged to respect other‟s religions. 50 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity By: Nur Raiyan Amalina Bte Marzuki Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mahmud, Terengganu, MalaysiaIn Malaysia, there are many people of mixed parentage such as Eurasians, Chinese, Malays as wellas Pan-Asians. This happens because love developed across cultures. Marriage between people ofdifferent countries builds an understanding between cultures. This proves to us that cultural diversityhas truly spread across the globe.One of the places where cultural diversity can be clearly seen is at the local food court. Foods fromalmost every country are available at food courts all around the world. As we know, a country‟s foodreflects its identity. When the food from a country is brought into another country, its identity isbrought along with it.People from all over the world can be identified through their arts and culture. In Malaysia, the liondance is one of the most famous cultural dances performed by the Chinese, especially during theChinese New Year. This is an example of what brings the tourists here to experience the variouscultures in our country. This means that we are sharing our culture with others through our arts.Cultural diversity can also be clearly seen in the history of a country. In olden times, during the Britishoccupation, labourers from China and India were brought into our country. They married our localcitizens and their cultures had been assimilated into our culture. Their cultures live in today‟s people.Hence, unity is formed when people share their cultures with others. 51 |symposium frs 2012
  • Evolution of Culture By: Nuralisa binti Zamri Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Terengganu Terengganu, MalaysiaWe have defined evolution as any progress of growth or progression, and culture as the sum ofattitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguish one group of people from another.People‟s perspective of the world changes over time. In less than fifty years, we could be living in awhole new world, surrounded by a form of culture that is completely different from ours today. Peopleof one generation find it difficult to relate to those from other generations. That is the price of livingin a dynamic world. Technological advancements occur at a frightening pace, with new discoveriesbeing made almost every day. This isn‟t a bad thing – one couldn‟t possibly call it a bad thing, whenit has benefited us so greatly over the years. Cases in point are tractors replacing traditional farmingmethods and motorized vehicles replacing walking. To look down upon modernization would behypocritical in the extreme, and ultimately unbeneficial. Those who continue to try to put cultureand modernization in opposing camps are ultimately fighting a losing battle, for they are one andthe same. And thus it is that we put forth that it is not so much that culture is being threatened oreradicated by modernization, instead it is merely evolving into a new form. However, we have to adaptto these changes one way or another, or simply be left behind. One cannot halt change by merelywishing not to be a part of it. In fact, one cannot halt change at all. And so SESTER will not be talkingabout how modernization has affected culture or vice versa, for that topic is obvious to the naked eye.Instead we will touch on how culture itself has evolved over the years, something most youths wouldnot usually see. 52 |symposium frs 2012
  • Teenagers All around the World Are Alike By: Fawwaz Daniel Bin Mohammad Sabri Sekolah Menengah Sains Dungun, Terengganu, MalaysiaAs the saying goes, ‘together we stand, divided we fall’. However, today’s youths are not the sameas yesterday. They have their own perspectives about unity that has developed through their culturebut we still believe that they are alike. So, we consider teenagers are mostly alike in many waysbecause we are attracted to how the teenagers’ interests could bring about unity. We also like theway teenagers nowadays express their desire for example through socialising in Facebook, Twitter andthe like. The aims of this research are to identify and analyse the aspects which have enabled globalculture to develop unity and understanding among teenagers especially in education, technologyand entertainment. Upon completing the research, we interviewed 5 teenagers from different socialbackgrounds. The interview was conducted to identify the teenagers’ thoughts especially about theirlifestyle. We also conducted a survey using a questionnaire on 20 teenagers to validate the answers onthe screening interview. The questionnaire focused on three aspects which are education, technologyand entertainment, and how they influenced the lifestyle of teenagers nowadays. The final phaseinvolved Internet research where we used several assessments to confirm the main objectives.Through the Internet, we could find a lot of information that was related to our topic that generatedour idea in the research. Through this research, we finally managed to highlight the importance ofglobal unity among teenagers as education, technology and entertainment influenced their lifestyle.Based on the overall research, we found that teenagers, despite inhabiting different parts of theworld, are alike in the aspects of education, technology and entertainment and could still be united. 53 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity: The Role of Youth and Culture By: Muhammad Luqman bin Che Nik SBPI Batu Rakit, Terengganu, MalaysiaGlobal unity could be generated by cultural understanding. Of course, culture is revealed to be amajor role within global unity. Creating cultural understanding is immensely difficult since one‟sculture has a differing point of view from another. Still, what is worse is the gap between thesetwo different cultures and their differences would not make them better. Yes, there may be somesimilarities but they just cannot ignore the obvious differences. A bridge between these cultures isindeed needed. This is where the youths‟ role is perfect, a perfect information centre between thecanyons of differences. Youth truly does assist to minimize the gaps. Youth and culture are absolutelylike coffee and sweetener, different types of coffee and sweetener; in the end, it‟s all about satisfyingneeds. Youth must be the epitome of a cultured man in order to generate global unity. By improvingcultural understanding, youth can realize global unity; when we have the right formula, everything ispossible. Cultural understanding is the essential ingredient that will lead to global unity, a reality tobe discovered by enthusiastic youths. Culture has to be lived every single moment of every single day.Culture will vanish if youths do not see the importance of its existence. That is why youth awareness isvital in the preservation of culture as well as our food diversity, language variations and customs of thesociety. We cannot hold back the forces of change. cannot deny the role of youth to promote globalunity via cultural understanding. Thus, our world today requires cultural understanding to generateglobal unity. Remember! United we stand, divided we fall. 54 |symposium frs 2012
  • Nature Stands Still in the Unity of the Youth By: Farhanazuha Bt Mohd, Dzulrazman Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Terenganu, Terengganu, MalaysiaThe word „Culture‟, derived from the Latin word „colere‟ is defined as the shared patterns ofhuman behaviours and interactions, cognitive constructs, and affective understandings that arelearned through the process of socialization. In the past, culture was commonly associated with acertain society or community and usually shaped by the ancient heritage of values and traditions.Nonetheless, today in the era of globalization, we have created a culture that goes beyond boundarieswhich is known as the Global Culture through the medium of social networking. Global culture is aset of core values that is shared worldwide. Aspiring to save the earth, we are proposing for a globalculture that moves towards achieving one dream, one hope and one aspiration that is; world unitytowards preserving nature.We as humans all over the world are actually living on the same Earth and breathing the same air,signifying that we are in fact united by nature, yet we are separated by different ideologies, politicalviews of the ruling class, and economic barriers in dealing with nature. All these have caused disastrousimpact upon Mother Nature and we do not want this to continue. “The earth we abuse and theliving things we kill will, in the end, take their revenge because in exploiting their presence we arediminishing our future.” (Mannes M., American Writer, 1990) This is where we need the global culture,with the youth as the „target community‟. It is time now for the youth to stand up together, to beunited in their global culture to save Mother Earth and thus create a better place for us.This proposal will go beyond the extra mile in promoting social networking as an alternative way inuniting youths towards preserving Mother Nature. 55 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Global unity By: Syed Muhammad Hafizuddin Sekolah Menengah Sains Setiu Terengganu, MalaysiaThis paper examines how language helps to build cultural understanding among people worldwideand in the process enhance global unity. Language is more than culture and culture is more thanlanguage. This paper discusses the relationship between culture and language and how both bringthe people together. Language connects people throughout the continent, while culture creates themutual understanding without boundaries. Often language used is limited to the locals, but now it canbe used worldwide as international language especially when people deal with business. Culture issignificant to one group of people as the trademark of their identity and now it has become somethingthat could be learnt by foreigners as well. More often than not, one will find that language is influencedby culture. Others may find that language influences the culture. Whichever happens, both elementscannot be separated as they influence each other and shape the people, the history and the city theylive in. Also, long ago, language and culture could only be understood by their own people. Thus, inorder to get to know the people and their lifestyle, one needs to practice and learn the languagewhich apparently is their culture as well. By doing this, it gradually make two people from other partsof the world unite in a unique way. 56 |symposium frs 2012
  • Literature Unites the World By: Aminatul Aisyah Binti Mat Amin Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra, Kelantan, MalaysiaAccording to the Oxford English Dictionary, cultural is connected with art, literature and music.Literature includes poems, plays and tales. People started to recognize one’s masterpiece as literaturesince thousands of years ago and later, every country had her own masterpieces of literature thatwere written by her people. Every masterpiece carries its own themes, messages and values to bedelivered to the people. Therefore, I have made a hypothesis that the assimilation of values obtainedfrom literature into daily life can be used as a medium to unite the world.In order to prove this hypothesis, I have conducted a survey among 50 students of Sekolah MenengahSains Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra to get the data on this topic. The result of the survey is as follows:28% of the students agree that literature remains a topic that can attract the interest of people. 28%of the students agree that by learning literature people can learn good values such as tolerance,respect, love and the value of accepting each other and then apply them in their life. 29% of thestudents agree that the Internet is the best way to share literature masterpieces with the rest of theworld. 15% of the students agree that the values learned through literature can be used to unite theworld. As the conclusion, literature brings many good values that teach people to appreciate eachother; not to discriminate against one another. I believe that literature has a bright potential to bemade into a medium to unite the people in the world. 57 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture By: Nurul Syarafini bt Suhaimi Sekolah Menengah Sains Machang Kelantan, MalaysiaYouth is the time of life between childhood and adulthood (maturity). Definitions of the specific agerange that constitutes youth vary. Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings.However, the word ‘culture’ is most commonly used as an integrated pattern of human knowledge,belief and behaviour that depends upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning. Theworld is currently facing a dilemma relating to how the Y generation (we) can sustain culture in therapid increase of today‟s world technology. In order to find the appropriate solutions, we have madea few discoveries that will be presented in our brief 15 minutes presentation. The objective of ourpresentation is to expose the ideas of improving the youth in the context of culture. Next, we wantto make a few suggestions on the roles of the youth to preserve culture. Then, possibly we intend toshare our ideas among the students as the saying goes „sharing is caring‟. Some of the questions are:What culture should be maintained? What are the efforts at the school level that can be carried out?Finally, what are the consequences of failure to eternize culture? Hopefully, all the main ideas thatwill be discussed can establish a young generation who is very concerned about culture. As a result,the effort to maintain culture will be easier and more effective. Indeed, youth is the golden asset inimproving, preserving and elevating our culture. 58 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture By: Natasha Amanina Sekolah Menengah Sains Pasir Puteh, Kelantan, MalaysiaThe world is changing; it has become globalised. It has become more and more multicultural.What it means is that the direction of the future is of multi-ethnic and multilingual communities.The development of digital technologies and internet has eliminated international boundaries. Themovement of people and businesses are easier, more frequent and more internationalised. Movementof foreign workers is not only of the unskilled but also involves those of professional and highly skilled.Countries will soon find themselves completely intertwined in business, environmental and globalissues. This is the reality and it is imminent; we are moving towards a global world with a global culture.I am convinced that we the youths recognise what this is leading to but what are we doing to prepareourselves for this world? It is essential that we start learning about other cultures and developing theskills to work in a multi-cultural environment or risk getting left behind. This paper reminds the youths,as the future leaders of this world to be culturally aware of the dangers of stereotypes and prejudicesand attempts to reduce ethnocentrism. It encourages youths to learn more about other ethnics andcultures of different peoples. Interacting more with others from different communities and countrieswill help youths to become aware of the similarities and differences. As the medium and avenue areplentiful, youths can choose an enjoyable channel to feed their curiosities and interests and self-pace their development as global citizens. Youths should strive to be globally aware and to open andexpand their minds. The generation Y population need to adapt not just for the sake of humanity butalso for the self-serving reason of their future career in this new millennium. 59 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Preservation By: Mohd.Hans Afifi Bin Hassan Sekolah Menengah Sains Sabah, Sabah, MalaysiaThroughout this era of globalisation, cultures and traditions play tremendous important roles inkeeping our identity and originality. Cultural identity is essential for the peaceful cooperation ofcivilizations. If people have a strong sense of self-identity through culture, they are more likely tointeract peacefully with other cultures, with respect for the diversity of value systems and religiousbeliefs as well as the tangible aspects of culture.Behind everything is a story. And behind us all, traditions are what we embody and something weought to sustain in order to achieve unity and avoid deployance of dissatisfaction between the people.Malaysia is widely known as a country that has a multi-racial community. Living in a country which issignificant in sharing cultures and colour, the people practice sharing and tolerance in their daily lives.Once colonized by British it has brought a tremendous increase in immigrants from all over the world,resulting in having multicultural citizens in different parts of the country. Luckily, this change has nevercommenced anything obnoxious.Protecting and preserving culture includes aspects of human rights, tolerance, development andprotecting cultural sites and artifacts, as well as intellectual property rights for culturally specificlanguage and art. The United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is theprimary body of the UN to protect and preserve culture. In schools, history and social studies havebeen made compulsory. It is highly recommended for teachers to implant the sense of appreciation ofthe culture inside each and every student. As they reach maturity, these lessons will eventually makesense. Another simple yet effective way is to practice it in daily life. Wedding ceremony, celebrationof specific ethnics could open the eyes of people and see it as an opportunity to attract tourists in theexquisite cultures we have. This may look like something unimportant but if we take it for granted, weare prone to repeat the mistake our ancestors made, blaming each other. when they know they arebreathing the same air and walking the same ground. A historian, Antoine De Saint once said “youhave to endure caterpillars if you want to see butterflies”. 60 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth vs. Culture: Significant Roles of Youth in Sustaining Culture By: Izz Zaimul Akmal Faiq Bin Awak Sekolah Menengah Sains Lahad Datu, Sabah, MalaysiaYouths or teenagers have always been labelled as rebellious. This is the transitional period duringwhich youths are often misunderstood and mistreated by many. However, whether we like it or not,it cannot be denied that they can certainly play a very important role in promoting and sustaining theexistence of any culture. They are the leaders of the future who, if given the chance and space, willcontribute immensely to any organisation and even a country. Any culture will also be sustainable foryears to come if the youths or teenagers are given greater roles to promote them. 61 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth as the Antidote of Culture Unawareness By: Sam Rantucci Jaifani Sekolah Menengah Sains Labuan, Sabah, MalaysiaCultures, traditions, unity? Do we even notice it? Yes, it is one of the terribly vast problem that hasever existed in this large blue planet as this „disease‟ of cultural unawareness spreads throughoutthe modern society. Now imagine this instead, the cultures that was once made and practised by ourancestors which comprise morality, beliefs, and values in life are being desolated. This causes thelacking of deportment in today‟s society that will lead to an unpeaceful earth.Not to worry, believe it or not, my army of four have found the anti-venom which is actually just likesmall effective pills in the world. You might be surprised as this small group is actually are great leadersof the future. Even now, this group is giving a lot of impacts to the world, bringing smiles to everyhabitant of the planet. The name of that powerful compound is YOUTH, which is us. We are the onesthat who are still being under estimated of doing great wonders to the world. Even so, it has beenproven that although we are just small pieces in the society, producing wondrous miracles is likely ourjob. As we go ahead taking our next task which is promoting cultural awareness and bringing unity tothe world, it is just as easy as ABC. This is where our journey begins... 62 |symposium frs 2012
  • A Dying Culture By: Michelle Melly Henry Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuching, Sarawak, MalaysiaAlthough Sarawak is the most multiracial state in Malaysia, most of the younger generation are unableto speak in their native tongue. If this keeps up, future generations will not realize that they have losta precious treasure.Before we start pointing fingers, we must identify the root of this problem. Youths are less exposedto their culture as their elders neither talk to them about it nor use their mother tongue with them.Another reason is modernisation. Some people think that traditional culture is uninteresting, they donot feel the beauty of it, and eventually it is forgotten. The pace of living is getting faster and peopledo not want to do things they consider unbeneficial. Besides, youngsters these days are influencedby entertainments such as Hollywood and K-pop. Instead of promoting their own culture, they idoliseother people‟s culture.How to save our culture from dying? Firstly, parents should expose their children to their culture bytaking them back to the village during holidays, speaking in the mother tongue at home and showingthem their traditional costumes. The mass media also play a crucial role. Movies and music are closeto the youths‟ hearts. So, we have to use these media to win the youngsters‟ hearts. In order toachieve this dream, the artistes have to think out of the box. Next, the government should introducesubjects such as Kenyah, Bidayuh and Melanau Languages and Cultural Understanding as subjects inschools. By doing this, we will feel more appreciated. The government also needs to think critically onhow to modernise without losing our culture.In a nutshell, Rome was not built in one day. Consistent actions should be taken. In order to be greatleaders, we must first know our own history. 63 |symposium frs 2012
  • Students Engagement in Cultural Activities or Issues By: Mohamad Hazrul Bin Sulaiman Sekolah Menengah Sains Miri, Sarawak, MalaysiaNowadays, most people around the world are too focused on modernizing their lives. In the process,they gradually forget their culture. One is different from another because of their different culturalpractices within their races and nationalities. Youngsters are able to understand and learn aboutculture easily as they are eager to learn. Hence, students are the target group to continue the practiceof culture in their daily lives.Our research objective is to understand and know more about the culture of a particular race inthe world. Besides, it is to enable the students to acknowledge their responsibility to learn andpractise their own cultures. Moreover, the research is done to find ways for culture to be engaged bystudents. It is to establish a better understanding and appreciation for their own culture by knowingthe similarities and differences of different cultures.One of the ways to attract students‟ interest in culture is through the cultural club. Cultural heritagecompetitions should be organised for students as it is an opportunity and also an eye-openingexperience. By bringing in experts, they can come up new ideas for practising culture in a fun way.By doing research on this topic, we can increase public awareness among students about their rolesin maintaining the existence of culture. Students will have more motivation in school due to theirinvolvement in cultural activities. Through cultural sharing we can bridge the gaps between people.Everyone must devote his time and energy to ensure that culture remains in the hearts of everyone.There is more to a culture than meets the eye. We should always remember our culture as it reflectsour origin. 64 |symposium frs 2012
  • Rising above Challenges: Making a Difference through Service Learning By: Arya Sreekumar and Ngo Rui Xuan Sheena Cresent Girl’s School, SingaporeCharacter building is an integral part of learning for every student at Crescent Girls School and servicelearning offers them the opportunity to discover themselves beyond their comfort zone. By bringingthemselves closer to the community, all Secondary Two students in the school were able to serve theless fortunate in various countries like Malaysia (Sarawak), Vietnam, India and China.The purpose of this paper is to focus on the effectiveness of service learning conducted in the variouscountries and how the local community had benefited from this. At the same time, the paper willalso explore how service learning can build character when students at Crescent were given theopportunity to actively participate in their own learning and reflect on the various challenges facedduring these overseas trips. 65 |symposium frs 2012
  • Equipping Millennians with a Global Perspective By : Ng Gek Lian Elean , Samuel Lee Millinea Institute, SingaporeSingapore is a cosmopolitan society where people live harmoniously and interaction among differentraces is commonly seen. One of the unique features about Singapore is the inherent cultural diversityof the island. The immigrants of the past have given the place a mixture of Malay, Chinese, Indian, andEuropean influences, all of which have intermingled. With the advent of globalisation and increasingtechnological advancements, not only does one have to know how to interact with his or her owncountryman, but also with people from around the world. Therefore, the need to possess multi-culturalliteracy is all the more urgent. This paper aims to share the initiatives taken by Millennia Institute(MI) to equip our students with such a global perspective. The focus will be on MI.World, a studentexchange programme that aims at making connections and provide authentic learning opportunitiesfor students beyond geographical boundaries. The educational experiences offered in this Programmein the context of real-world issues have widened their horizons and enriched their lives which willstand them in good stead. The other initiative will be MI‟s continuing involvement in the Asia-EuropeClassroom Network (AEC-NET) which aims to foster collaborations among secondary and high schoolteachers and students in Asia and Europe with the view to promoting collaborative, cross-culturallearning and exchanges between countries. The benefits of these involvements are clearly felt bystudents who have been involved in these programmes and a major outcome has been that suchinteractions with their peers and contemporaries from other countries have allowed our students towiden their cultural horizon and led to their having greater cultural awareness and respect. 66 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture By: Low Yu Xin , Anabella Chen Lixin Nanyang Girls High School SingaporeThis paper aims to highlight several key aspects of youth culture and its effects on youth development.Youth culture is shaped by different environments that youth are exposed to and interact with daily,thus exercising extensive influence on development of youths. Within the aforementioned context,the paper explores impacts of firstly, peer pressure as a global social phenomenon and secondly,effects of the growing prevalence of technology among youth internationally. Subsequently, the paperpresents viable solutions which can be implemented by youth leaders in various factions of theirsociety.Information presented in the paper is obtained mainly through research of books and online resources.This research intends to embody a global perspective on the two issues in question, which will beachieved through use of statistics and reports from a wide array of countries spanning Asian andWestern cultures. As the paper does not seek to represent the sole perspective of the Singaporeanyouth culture, this research has purposefully omitted use of personally conducted surveys in therestricted environment of the school or of Singapore.In the paper, extensive research from an array of countries point to the universal trend that peerpressure as an aspect of Youth Culture has grown increasingly prevalent globally, with several chiefimpacts: low self-esteem and youth engagement in illegal activities. In terms of technology, two mainfactors have shown to impede and disrupt youth development, namely computer technology andentertainment through television. Research reveals that this brings about several pertinent impacts,such as youths‟ desensitization towards violence and the over-reliance on technology.Research has further shown that in both issues, solutions provided by various countries stemmedfrom a top-down approach, either through the government, external organisations or the schoolmanagement, while little efforts have been done by the youths themselves to solve this problem. 67 |symposium frs 2012
  • Integrating Culture through Cuisine By: Muhd Nabeelu-Rahman bin Haji Awang Ya’akub and Nur Aqilah binti Haji Mohd Sufian Sekolah Menengah Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam (SM SMJA) BruneiFood is not only consumed to fill us up or to give us energy, it is also a way for us to socialise with ourfriends and family. There is a variety of dishes which one can find in a country and most of them area fusion from different countries or culture. With food, people are able to learn about foreign cultureand also its history. This fusion can be tracked down throughout history where traders travel from onecountry to another bringing along their culture and also food.In Brunei, restaurants can be found almost everywhere just like in other countries and they serveWestern food, Japanese food, Indian food and even Korean food. Excapade is an example of aJapanese restaurant. When one dines out, one is exposed to the culture through the Japanese music,the Japanese chopsticks and Japanese pictures and drawings that depict the culture.In our school, Sekolah Menengah Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam (SM SMJA), cooking is part ofthe CCA. We are taught not only to cook local but also foreign dishes. The teacher included someinformation about Japan such as the names of Japanese ingredients and how to make or cook thefood.The methods we use to gather data are using a questionnaire and interviews. From this research, wehope to be able to show that through food one can also learn and understand other cultures as well. 68 |symposium frs 2012
  • Arts and Culture By: Ahmad Syauqi Bin Haji Junaiadi and Azimatul Aniqah Bte Md Sopian Sekolah Menengah Berakas BruneiOn the surface, it seems that the vast differences among people, countries, arts and cultures all overthe world have somewhat made us assume that the world cannot be united; however, we observedthat Arts and Culture specifically Music and Traditional Dance could unite the world. This paperoutlines our findings on whether Music and Traditional Dance could generate the unity of the world.Our findings are based on questions such as how Arts and Culture help to unite the world and what itcan change in the way people think of the world with regards to unity, what the impacts of Arts andCulture on people‟s way of thinking are towards each other, among cultures and countries and howpeople set their minds on different aspects of life in different environments. In our method, we lookedat examples of the different music and traditional dances of Brunei and other countries. We identifiedand listened to songs from around the world which have been shown to have given a strong impactto the people‟s way of thinking and greatly influenced the world in general. We also looked at theways that arts and culture have been used to promote unity on a large scale and their impact on thenew generation. Our finding shows that the latter method is important. The reason being it is shownto have a greater impact. 69 |symposium frs 2012
  • School Contribution in Developing Multicultural Awareness among Students By: Fiqi Quinta Decroli SMA 1 Padang, IndonesiaSchool as a formal institution plays an important role in developing cultural awareness among studentssince multicultural awareness can assist in preparing students for life in an ethnically diverse societyand can bring about cognitive, psychomotor and affective benefits to students through numerousprogrammes and activities organized at school.Multicultural awareness can assist members of multicultural groups to identify where things may begoing wrong or right. By developing multicultural awareness among students coming from diversecultures, nations and races, they can appreciate and understand more about the differences that existaround the globe due to the large number of cultures in existence. In addition, by having multiculturalawareness, the students, who are the youths of the nations, can develop better interpersonal skills,new friendships, promote healing and harmony between groups, and so forth. Moreover, multiculturalawareness offers students opportunities to observe/participate in the affairs of the community, andengage them directly and actively in the process.Therefore, in developing multicultural awareness, there are myriads of programmes and activitiesthat can be implemented at schools around the world. Firstly, the school can organize several activitiesthat can improve students‟ knowledge and understanding about cultures existing in this world suchas multicultural performances or contests facilitating students‟ introduction of several cultures fromseveral nations. Secondly, through students‟ exchange programmes in which students from oneschool study at different schools in different countries for several months. Through this programme,the students can learn more about the local culture since they would gain first-hand experience ofreal life at that locality.In short, by developing multicultural awareness among students at schools, there are many benefitsthat could lead students towards the development of their cognitive, psychomotor, and affectiveabilities. 70 |symposium frs 2012
  • Indonesia’s Culture Preservation By: Raudhatul Husna SMA Negeri 2, Bogor IndonesiaIndonesia is a country which has many cultures. It has 33 provinces, and 115 vernaculars. Eachprovince has different unique cultures. Nowadays, many foreign cultures have already influenced ourculture. It causes the Indonesians to be influenced by these foreign cultures. The Indonesian peoplecan accept foreigners easily, but they still preserve their local cultures to preserve Indonesia‟s culturaldiversity. That is why we, as Indonesia‟s young generation, must preserve our cultures.Preserving our culture is not only the discussion of how to preserve the culture itself, but also takingaction based on said discussions. These actions can be taken by preserving and promoting Indonesia‟scultures at international level. Preserving should start from simple things such as the wearing of batik,and the consumption of traditional food, practicing traditional dances and using Indonesia‟s locallyproduced goods. Promoting Indonesia‟s culture can be done by promoting interesting places thathave unique cultural value, such as the Borobudur Temple in Magelang, the Bali traditional culture,traditional souvenirs in Yogyakarta, and batik home industries in Solo and Pekalongan.Batik is one of Indonesia‟s cultural heritage as recognised by many nations in the world. Indonesianbatik products are unique so that they must be preserved. Indonesian batik has been declaredmasterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO since October 2, 2009.Nowadays, practically everyone likes to wear batik. They are worn as daily wear, batik uniform, or forofficial functions. In the Batik World Summit 2011, there were some displays of the works of foreigndesigner who design batik clothes. Enthusiasm for batik continues to grow in the international arena.Batik can be a means of unity and brotherhood of the world.As a result, we conclude that by promoting and preserving our cultures, we can preserve the unity ofIndonesia and that of the world as well. Indonesia‟s cultures will become a well-known culture at theinternational level. This situation will attract foreign tourists from many countries to visit Indonesia. 71 |symposium frs 2012
  • Boarding School Lifestyle Decreases Conflict and Improves Cultural Understanding among Students By: Ghina Shabrina Awanis SMA Insan Cendekia Al Kausar , IndonesiaCulture is defined as the system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours and arts the membersof society use to interact with their world and with one another. Boarding school is a school whereevery student stays in during school days. In life, cultural differences are unavoidable because we live ina modern world where every country is built by many ethnic groups and tribes who live with differentnorms and values. All these differences cause multiculturalism. Multiculturalism tends to naturallycreate conflicts between people of different cultures. Therefore, one way to decrease conflict is toimprove cultural understanding between people who live with different cultures. Boarding school is anexample of cultural understanding application because every student has to live with different peopleevery day. There is no boundary to how many cultures students are going to live with and how manyconflicts students are going to have. The purpose of this study is to analyse the possibility of conflictin boarding school lifestyle and what could decrease conflict and improve cultural understandingbetween students. This study is descriptive and qualitative. Therefore, three steps were conductedin this study: the first was collecting the data; then analysing the data; and the last was drawing theconclusion. The data was collected via a multiple-choice questionnaire administered to tenth gradersof Insan Cendekia Alkausar High School. Fifty-three students participated and 53 valid questionnaireswere collected. In this study, the writer found that boarding school lifestyle contributes to low numberof conflicts among students of different ethnic groups and cultures and this lifestyle improves culturalunderstanding among them. 72 |symposium frs 2012
  • Culture Disaster for the Youth By: Purnawati and Nida Sabila Firdaus SMK Negeri 7 Bandung, IndonesiaThere many cases where the young people are influenced by bad culture. The culture doesn‟t matchthe norms of the community. So they became public enemies. It happens because the young are stilltrying to find their identities.In my country, there are some groups called Motorcycle Gangs. Originally, they were merely groupsof young people who band together because they have the same hobby i.e. riding the motorcycle.Their activities were mainly repairing, modifying and riding the motorcycles. However, today thesegroups are involved in criminal activities such as robberies and thefts. They have become publicenemies. Why did this happen? The answer is the transformation of culture. They watch movies thatcontain violence and bullying. And they imitate what they have seen in real life because they thinkthat it makes them look strong and in control. We must careful because if these groups dominate,the community will be controlled by them and it will become a criminal community. They will forgetabout their original culture that does not condone violence in any form. At this moment, I try to finda solution to overcome this problem. The young people must learn to differentiate between goodculture and bad culture. This is because if we allow the bad culture to spread in our community, itwill cause trouble someday. We must always maintain the culture that we have inherited from ourancestors. These cultures are rife with values for humanity. Therefore, we must keep all of the goodculture and try to eliminate the bad culture before it brings disaster someday. 73 |symposium frs 2012
  • Youth and Culture Preservation By: Thanaporn Saleephol Prasarnmit Demonstration School, Bangkok ThailandCulture is an integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon thecapacity for symbolic thought and social learning or the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, andpractices that characterizes an institution, organization, or group. Culture is an important factor ineveryone’s life. It is the foundation to a prosperous lifetime. In order to keep it alive, doing your part topreserve it is extremely necessary. We need to preserve our culture in order to protect the country’sidentity. It is true in globalization that the world population must blend in. However, I believe that wedo not want to be the same, but we do want to understand each other in our differences. Culturalpreservation must be done by young generation of the country because they are the one who willcarry this culture from the past generation. We must create understanding and spread the knowledgeabout language, food, art and festival of our own culture because the major problems of culturalendangered is that the youth were influenced by western and pop culture that they ignore their owncustom. Knowledge and understanding of culture should be spread by modern technology such asinternet, social network etc. because it is the easiest way to reach young generation. When we canrealize the importance of our culture identity and learn to apply it with modernity, then we will beable to preserve our valuable culture. 74 |symposium frs 2012
  • Food: An International Language By: Susen Simcock and Moukda Souk Aloun Kiettisack International School LaosThroughout the world different countries have their own styles of cooking, eating and cultureconnected with their food. Each country has its own signature dished, for example the Spaghetti ofItaly, the Roast Beef of old England, the Teriyaki of Japan or the Haggis of Scotland. Here in Laos thelegacy of our history and the coming together of many nations to assist in our development mean thatthe capital, although small, has a wide range of cuisine. From China to Vietnam and Korea to Mexico,the choice is wide.This has not changed the cultural habits of the locals who have many of their favourite foods preparedin their own particular way. The basis of Lao food is sticky rice which is rolled into a ball and dippedinto many delicious dishes. The food is traditionally eaten sitting on the floor of the house on abamboo mat, dishes are placed centrally often on a woven tray. Each guest is given a sticky rice basketand every one helps himself, with all the family joining in lively conversation, which emphasises theimportance we place on family values.Our own signature dish is Tom-mak-hung or papaya salad. We are going to prepare a short videowhich will show how you can create this dish so you can experience the magic yourselves, and seehow it is eaten in a traditional house in a time-honoured way.We believe that through food and the understanding of the culture of different countries we can cometo have a greater appreciation and respect for the wide variety of culinary experiences worldwide. 75 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Diversity By: Aaakarsha Handa and Divya Verma St. Mark’s Girls Sr. Sec. School, New Delhi, IndiaCulture – something that distinguishes insiders from outsiders, or members of one group from thoseof another. It is shared with those from whom it is learnt and with those to whom it is taught. Thephrase Cultural Diversity means a range of different societies or people with different origins, religionsor traditions interacting and living together. Indian culture is rich and diverse and as a result uniquein its very own way. Our manners, way of communicating with one another, are one of the importantcomponents of our culture. Even though we have accepted modern ways of living, improved ourlifestyle, our values and beliefs still remain unchanged. Nowadays, the Indian Culture has crossed thegeographic boundaries and has extended globally. Whoever it may be, an Indian or a person from anyother country is attracted to the exuberant Indian Culture and traditions. The culture of India is one ofthe oldest and unique. In India, there is amazing cultural diversity throughout the country. The South,North, and Northeast have carved out their own cultural niche. 76 |symposium frs 2012
  • A Culture of Innovation By: Sara Krneta and Jason Byrne Australian Science & Mathematics School South Australia, AustraliaCome and see an exploration of the Australian Science and Mathematics School (ASMS) through theeyes of its students. They will investigate how the diversity within their school has contributed to thecreation of the school‟s unique culture. The ASMS contains students from over sixty different culturalbackgrounds and is a temporary home to many international students throughout the school year.Using a combination of a video featuring the population of ASMS as well as an oral presentationthey will immerse you in their school life. The presentation will discover what exactly it is about theirschool that attracts all these different cultures and social groups. We are constructing an outcome thatdescribes life in an exceptional learning environment such as ours. Using our own school resourcesand various other statistics we will provide a brief outline of the more formal aspects of our school.Another method of research being used for this project is of course the process of interviewing awide range of students, teachers and even third parties to get a deeper understanding of differentperspectives of our innovative school. Not only will this presentation consist of facts and interviewsbut the personal opinions of the presenters themselves.Participants will gain an understanding of modern Australian culture, the Australian Science andMathematics School and of course our personal views on the topic as a whole. 77 |symposium frs 2012
  • RID – Resources, Investment and Development A Case Study in the Azores, Portugal By: Margarida Vicente and Sofia Cordovil National Lyceum D. Philippa of Lancaster, PortugalA case study was contextualized in a peripheric region of the European Union, the Azores Islands,stressing the importance of natural resources, and with a special emphasis on cultural issues –traditions and identities – as a moving force to form some sort of sustainable economy.Our subject of choice - the Archipelago of the Azores - was based on the following topics: its diversenatural resources; the multicultural struture of its people’s identity - a strong emigration with peopleconstantly coming back home - , and the fact that, for centuries, these islands have been an obligatorystop over, in the connection between Europe, America, Asia and Africa. Furthermore, a strong effortis being made for the empowerment of their endogenous, natural and human resources. Traditions,rituals and other assets of our cultural heritage are being reconstructed to be consumed as theAzorean image of the 21st century and are transforming the singularity and the character of theseislands into their trademark image.This strategy of paying special attention to the different traces of the Azorean cultural identity, and thefact they are being used as an economic moving force, transformed these islands in one of Europe’semerging peripheric regions where the employment rate and the indicators for quality of life havebeen lately raising. The Pico Island, UNESCO patrimony, is one of the top world islands, as a perfectdestination for ecotourism and one of the ten best places in the world, where the mixing of cultureshas been better preserved since the times of the Portuguese expansion period. It has got very visiblemarks as a junction point between the eastern and the western world. Tea production, its culture andtraditions, imported from Asia, is a good example of this.This study case was based on the analysis of small enterprises related to the subject of this research –culture, tourism, the good use of simple resources, renewable energies and sea activities. The conceptof leadership skills within the companies and markets proved to be fundamental for the success ofvarious initiatives.As part of the strategy applied, from the conceptualization of the project and different researchactivities to its communication, both in small groups or in class (which worked as a small enterprise),close attention to the learning and development of leadership skills was paid. 78 |symposium frs 2012
  • Hlinsko Students Go Global By: Tomáš Pšorn, Martin Pavliš Gymnázium K.V. Raise Adámkova 55 Hlinsko v Č, 53901 the Czech RepublicThe Czech Republic is a little country in the heart of Europe. The history of the country has beeninfluenced by the fact that we have always been occupied by some more powerful countries, beit the Austria-Hungarian Empire, Germany or the Soviet Union. The Czech people tend to be veryreserved and rather hostile towards newcomers, strangers and new trends as they have learnt fromtheir history that these newcomers had never brought any good.This is a rather judgemental statement but the truth is that when you come to the Czech Republic as aforeigner you will get a very cold reception compared to other countries. Of course, the younger, moreeducated people and those who live in bigger cities are more tolerant. And thanks to the globalisationof the world the Czech people are getting to know other cultures more and are becoming more opento new things. Xenophobic? Yes, we are, unfortunately.This must be changed. We – the students feel the urge to do something about it. In our school, whichis situated in the small countryside town, we sometimes talk about the xenophobia, cultural toleranceand racism, but it is not a part of the regular school curriculum and we are not really motivated tochange anything. It really is up to individual teachers how much he or she is able to make us interestedby how he or she introduces this important topic. In our presentation we are going to show howextracurricular activities in our school deal with global diversity and not only to educate us studentsbut they also have an impact on all the inhabitants of our small town. 79 |symposium frs 2012
  • Cultural Understanding Generates Global Unity By: Alessandro Reale ITIS “ Cannizzaro” Rome ItalyWe often are led to consider people who live far from us only as different, focusing our attention moreon the differences than on the similarities; the consequence of this attitude is that we often becomescared to deal with realities apparently too far away.The purpose of creating intercultural initiatives is breaking down this ideological wall and replacing itwith the awareness of being the citizens of a global village. A place in which the collaboration betweenvery different singularities allows all of us to create a sense of community and respect: there‟s nothingso queer as folk. Our school ITIS Cannizzaro in Colleferro is a leader in Italy for this kind of activities.This is possible thanks to the tireless work of some teachers who truly believe in approachingdifferent cultures and realities as a tool to give students a complete school formation and throughour international programmes that stimulate interest and curiosity in the students. The students whoparticipate in international programmes are more likely to enrich their culture and develop a lot ofdifferent skills through interaction and collaboration, mainly concerning communicative competenceand the capacity to carry out projects and create original products. Results obtained by humaninteraction are much better than results obtained through studying and books.This belief is witnessed by a long history of cultural exchanges that our school has had with Malaysian,Singaporean, and Indian schools. Tradition moved by the will of sharing our origins, food culture, artsand religion with yours, going back to our country enriched by the knowledge that all of you gave us.We believe that sharing is the key to cultural growth. All this shows that, despite the distance andcultural differences, family values remain the same; in my country we say Tutto il mondo è paese,which means people are the same the world over. 80 |symposium frs 2012
  • The True Dutchman Does Not Exist By: Charlotte Christina Adrianne Verweij and Simone Ditte Krop Het Amsterdams Lyceum Amsterdam, NetherlandsThe Dutch are known for their knowledge of windmills, tulips, waterworks, their open-mindednessand for being tall, but we are also known for being stingy, stubborn and down to earth. But to saythese points are key descriptions of Dutch culture is a superficial and erroneous statement.In 2007, our crown princess Máxima, originally from Argentine, held a speech about Dutch culture andstated: “The true Dutchman does not exist.” There was much discourse about this statement as manypeople did not understand what she meant. The princess was referring to the difficulty to describeDutch national identity, as it is a society in which over 170 nationalities have established themselves.She would not do justice to the variety of different Dutchmen if it was limited to one stereotype.There are many differences between individuals, but in general, you could still give some nationalcharacteristics. The most important is that the Dutch are open to different cultures. This seemsparadoxical: an important element of our national character is willingness to welcome othernationalities and cultures resulting in tolerance and respect towards the multicultural society wehave become. But there also is a (political) movement stating that the multicultural society has failed,giving rise to a lot of discussion.The Dutch have historically been strongly influenced by other cultures, so much so that an authenticnational character is almost a contradiction in terms. Nonetheless, on Queen‟s Day or when ournational soccer team plays, the country becomes united and people come together dressed up inorange! In our paper we shall describe what historically lead to our multicultural society, its benefitsand what needs to be done to safeguard it for the future. 81 |symposium frs 2012