An adult learner is a socially accepted person who is involved in any learning process.
Learning process can be any type of formal education, informal education or corporate-sponsored education.
Educator Subject-matter Learner Technique
Why Adults Learn? To acquire new skills. For financial growth and benefits. As part of job training. For self-improvement. To keep up with the growing competition. We learn
What is Adult Learning Theory Malcolm Knowles (1978, 1990) is the theorist who brought the concept of adult learning to the fore. He determined the principles of androgogy.
Pedagogy V/s Androgogy Pedagogy Androgogy It is the method of teaching children. It is the method of teaching adults. Learners are dependent. Learners are independent. Learners have less or no experience to share, hence teaching becomes didactic. Learners are experienced, hence teaching involves, discussion, problem solving etc. Learners learn whatever the curriculum offers. The content has to be modified according to the learners’ need. Teachers are required to direct the learner. The learners are self-motivated. Learners need teachers to guide them. Learning is curriculum oriented. Learning is goal oriented.
The learner should be able to see the end-result of any training program
If I attend this training and perform better I’ll get a hike in my salary. Example:
Motivation Learning You are working in ABC company. A training program has been scheduled, where you will be trained on MS-Word Application. Let us see the reaction of different employees who are short listed to attend the training program. This training program won’t help me much, I’m quite competent in MS-Office already! They should provide training on RoboHelp, that’s what I need to know to be an efficient technical writer. Oh great! I can brush up my MS-Word knowledge in this training program. Looks like another boring training session! Gosh, I don’t need training in MS-Word, any how I use notepad to scribble notes. Scenario Content Writer Programmer Technical Writer Instructional Designer
A new application has been launched. You need to familiarize with it. You learn by exploring. Example
Experiential Learning Scenario Rita works as a front office executive in a mobile store. She has to attend a training program where she will be taught how to handle customers. Two of the participants are asked to volunteer to role-play, one as front office executive and the other as a customer. Hello Sir, hello madam. How can I help you? 1 I think the battery has some problem. Sir we will replace the battery of the cell phone. 3 I bought a cell phone two weeks back, but it gets switched off after every half-an-hour. Can you tell me what is the problem with this cell phone? 2 Thanks a lot! 4 You are welcome sir. 5
A problem is posed so that the students discover that they need to learn something new before they can solve the problem
Problem-Solving Scenario You are asked to teach how to make TOC and mail-merge in MS-Word application. How will you proceed with task. Hmm I need to learn it first , in order to teach it to others! Steps to proceed with the task: What do I know? What am I being asked? Need to learn the thing first, practise it, perform it and the finally teach it .
Problem-Solving Example Medical students are asked to practice operating on dead bodies and then they actually operate live beings.
The training program should have direct bearing upon their job
The training program should be able to step-up the job search process
Immediate Value of Learning Scenario Assume that you and your colleagues are part of a training program, which involves receiving training on typing lesson. Look at what some of the people in that organization had to say. Typing lesson, well I don’t need it, cause I don’t have to type huge articles or write anything at all! This a complete waste for me. Typing lesson, well sounds great, anyway I type like a tortoise. I guess this training will help me hone my typing skills. I think I seriously need to attend this training session. Quick typing will make my work much easier!