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Document written by Sabri MOURD, PhD and engineer in Mechanical Sciences and specialist in innovation, R&D and Advanced Technologies. Dr. Mourad has also a master degree in Business Administration and …

Document written by Sabri MOURD, PhD and engineer in Mechanical Sciences and specialist in innovation, R&D and Advanced Technologies. Dr. Mourad has also a master degree in Business Administration and another master degree in project management.
Dr. Sabri MOURAD is Technology Director at Albany International (technical textile specialist) and Associated Professor at the University of Haute Alsace and the Virtual University SVU. He teaches Master Students the management of innovation, the management of emerging technologies and the management of R&D.
This document describes the last emerging technologies in Chemical sectors and the future trends in this area.
Document élaboré par Sabri Mourad, Docteur ingénieur en mécanique et spécialiste de l'innovation, de la recherche et développement et des technologies avancées. Dr. Moura a également un master en management de administration des entreprises et un autre en management de projet.
Dr. Sabri MOURD est Directeur de Technologies à Albany International (spécialiste de textiles technique) et Professeur associés à l’Université de Haute Alsace et l’Université Virtuelle SVU. Il forment les étudiants niveau Master sur les Techniques de l’innovation et de la gestion des technologies avancées.

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  • 1. ‫تا‬ ‫إدارة ا‬ All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURD ‫و د‬ ‫ا ز‬High & RisingTechs MgtByDr. Sabri MOURADmourasab@yahoo.frLecture 2-3 S12 – 2012
  • 2. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDChemical sector, some general informationChemical sector is defined as the market of all chemicals including:-Petrochemical products- Biological and non Biological products- Polymer based products- Medical chemicals- Basic chemical productsThis industry is generally high volume and low margin one (mainly forcommodities).Many chemical products are used by other chemical industries (60%).This encourage the vertical integration in this area
  • 3. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDChemical sector, some general informationChemical sector is a major sector in Research and development in the world:- In commodities the investment level in R&D is 2%- In polymer industries the investment level is 4%- In pharmaceutical sector, R&D investments reach 10%- R&D investment in this sector is in continuous increasing pushed by the dvtin Biotechnology and Genetics
  • 4. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDTechnical trend in Chemical industryTechnology 2010 2015 2020 2025Advanced Fibers (carbon fibers, Bio fibers) Grow MatureNew Concrete Grow MatureCeramic Blends Apparition Grow Grow MatureComposite materials Apparition Grow Grow MatureHigh critical temperature materials Grow Grow Matur eNano powders Apparition Grow Grow MatureBio polymers Apparition Grow Grow MatureNano composites Apparition Apparition Grow GrowFunctional and smart polymers Apparition Apparition Grow GrowNano tubes Apparition Apparition Grow Grow
  • 5. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDMajor Emerging technologies in Chemical sectorsPhoto-catalysts for organic synthetic processesPotential applicationsConversion of water to hydrogen gas by photocatalytic water splitting.Use of titanium dioxide in self-cleaning glass.Disinfection of water by titanium dioxide photocatalysis.Oxidation of organic contaminants using magnetic particlesConversion of carbon dioxide into gaseous hydrocarbonsSterilize surgical instrumentsDecomposition of crude oil
  • 6. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDMajor Emerging technologies in Chemical sectorsNanotubes industryPotential applications Structural In electrical circuits As paper batteries Solar cells Ultracapacitors
  • 7. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDMajor Emerging technologies in Chemical sectorsBioplaticsglobal production capacity of Bioplastics is327,000 tones in 2010.Global consumption of all flexible packagingis estimated at 12.3 million tonesIn the years 2000 to 2008, worldwideconsumption of biodegradable plasticsbased on starch, sugar, and cellulose - so farthe three most important raw materials - hasincreased by 600 %
  • 8. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDMajor Emerging technologies in Chemical sectorsSelf-healing high polymersSelf-healing materials are a class of smartmaterials that have the structurallyincorporated ability to repair damage causedby mechanical usage over time.They act like biological tissue and repairdamages automatically
  • 9. Technologies in Chemical sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDMajor Emerging technologies in Chemical sectorsCombinatorial ChemestryCombinatorial chemistry involves the rapidsynthesis or the computer simulation of alarge number of different but structurallyrelated molecules or materials.It is especially common in CADD (Computeraided drug design) and can be done onlinewith web based software, such asmolinspiration.
  • 10. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, some general informationBiotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of livingorganisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and otherfields requiring bioproducts.UN defined Biotechnology as “Any technological application that uses biologicalsystems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products orprocesses for specific use.“In other term "Application of scientific and technical advances in life science todevelop commercial products" is biotechnology
  • 11. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trendsGenetics-Genetics: a discipline of biology, is the science of genes,heredity, and variation in living organisms-Genetics deals with the molecular structure and function ofgenes, with gene behavior in the context of a cell or organism,with patterns of inheritance from parent to offspring, and withgene distribution, variation and change in populations.- Given that genes are universal to living organisms, geneticscan be applied to the study of any living system from virusesand bacteria, through plants (especially crops) to humans (forexample in Medical Genetics)
  • 12. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trends-Genetics exploded after the sequencing of the HumanGenomes in 2000s- It is now a major technology to create new medical productsand to detect new diseases- Genetics is also applied in many industrial products related toHuman being and preventive medicines
  • 13. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trends،Biofactories: This is related to the use of Plants and Animals to createBiomoleculs with defined Biofunctions. These molecules could be used inimproving foods and making new pharmaceutical products.One of the oldest applications is the Penicillin made by Mushrooms
  • 14. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trends،BiosensorsA biosensor is an analytical device for the detection of an analyte that combinesa biological component with a physicochemical detector component.It consists of 3 parts:- the sensitive biological element (biological material (e.g. tissue,microorganisms, organelles, cell receptors, etc-the transducer or the detector element that transforms the signal resulting fromthe interaction of the analyte with the biological element into another signal (i.e.,transducers) that can be more easily measured and quantified;-associated electronics or signal processors that are primarily responsible for thedisplay of the results in a user-friendly wayAn example of a commercial biosensor is the blood glucose biosensor
  • 15. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trends،BiomaterialsA biomaterial is any matter, surface, or construct that interacts with biologicalsystems. Biomaterials science encompasses elements of medicine, biology,chemistry, tissue engineering and materials science.Biomaterials are used in:Bone plates Bone cementArtificial ligaments and tendons Dental implants for tooth fixationBlood vessel prostheses Heart valvesSkin repair devices (artificial tissue) Contact lensesetc
  • 16. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, major trendsBiophotonics ‫ا وو تا و‬Nano-biotechnology ‫ا و ا و‬ ‫ا‬Proteonics ‫ا رو ت‬Medical Robotics ‫ا رو و ت ا ط‬Biometrics ‫ت ا و‬ ‫ا‬Bioremediation ‫ا داوي ا و‬Bioproducts ‫ت ا و‬ ‫ا‬
  • 17. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Opportunities for the future-Opportunities for Human Health Vaccines Drugs based on Genetics Medical devices Recombinant therapeutic Products Diagnostics Stem Cells Engineering Genetics treatement Nutraceutics
  • 18. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Opportunities for the future-Opportunities for Agriculture and Food industry High productivity Crops Medical plants Bio remediation Healthy food Molecular Breeding Low water consumption plants Resistant plants against some diseases New industrial products (colored cotton)
  • 19. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Opportunities for the future-Opportunities for Animals Vaccines Genomics Biopharmaceuticals Bioinformatics Gene Therapy
  • 20. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Opportunities for the future-Opportunities for Industry and Environment Bioleaching of Minerals Pharmaceutical Intermediates Fine Chemicals New Chemical products Biomimetic Materials Production of Hydrogen Fermentation Enzymes production Bio polymers New sources of Bio energy
  • 21. ‫‪Technologies in Biotechnology sector‬‬ ‫‪All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURD‬‬‫‪Biotechnology sector, Emerging technologies‬‬ ‫ر وا‬ ‫و ا‬ ‫تا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت ا د دة طب وا‬ ‫# ر ا " ت ا ر وا " ! در‬ ‫ھ ك ز‬ ‫ط ق ,) ر‬ ‫ا و إ !‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ا ! " ، و!ذ ك ! در ذا") أ . , د أظ رت ا‬ ‫ن واء ن 10ل ا د ل ا ) أو‬ ‫ا4 ك ا ر وا ر ، ن أ ل طو ر ا ك ا‬ ‫دة ا 0 ت.‬ ‫ن 10ل ا# ء‬ ‫ا و أن !ن ن ا ھ ,) ا طرة 6 أ راض وأو " ا4 ك.‬ ‫!ن‬ ‫ط7‬ ‫8‬ ‫و‬ ‫ ن ا طورات ا‬ ‫د دة ن ,‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ھ ك‬ ‫و, ت ور7 "ق ا رو ن، و م‬ ‫و, ت ال د.ن.ي ‪ D.N.A‬ا !رو ، و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا:‬ ‫خ، وا رو ت، وا ; ل ا و"). إن ا ز ,) ھذا ا ر ھ) ,) , م ا 0ت‬ ‫ا#‬ ‫ن !و ت ا 1 ، : , إ 6 , م وظ "ف ا ز" ت ا رد .‬ ‫ا دا1‬
  • 22. ‫‪Technologies in Biotechnology sector‬‬ ‫‪All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURD‬‬‫‪Biotechnology sector, Emerging technologies‬‬ ‫ا و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫? واد وأدوات وأ زة د7 ا س ا ذري أو ا ز ")، إذ أن‬ ‫ا و !‬ ‫◌ُ رف ا‬ ‫‪ C‬س ,) ھذه ا دة ا د دة،‬ ‫ا و‬ ‫ا د د ن ا #ت ا ) ‪!D‬ل ً زءًا ن ا‬ ‫6‬ ‫س ا وي ط ت ا ط‬ ‫ت ا و وا4دوات‬ ‫وذ ك ن 10ل طو ر ا‬ ‫ل ا ; ل.‬ ‫تا وو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ً و و ً أو ‪ً D‬‬ ‫رً ا‬ ‫‪C‬وط ن‬ ‫ت ا و و أدوات‬ ‫را‬ ‫"). , ) وي 6‬ ‫ً‬ ‫و و ً واء ! 0 ? أو ر ط ‪!D‬ل و; ق ? ول , ز ") !‬ ‫أو ا ! "ن ا )‬ ‫ر و و ) ;ل ا: ز م، وا د ا وي، ا ض ا ووي، وا‬ ‫ا !روي.‬
  • 23. ‫‪Technologies in Biotechnology sector‬‬ ‫‪All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURD‬‬‫‪Biotechnology sector, Emerging technologies‬‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و و رب ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر, ظو ت ا:دارة ا‬ ‫ا و‬ ‫,) م ا‬ ‫ا و‬ ‫ ن ط تا‬ ‫ا ?، و1وارز ت ا د ك ا ز ").‬ ‫ط ق ا ط ا ‪ C‬ر، وا! ‪ D‬ف ا ط، و‬ ‫‪ C‬ت ا ‪ ! D‬ت، ورؤ ا ت ٩‬ ‫، ن ا طورات و ‪ ، ! D‬و و ا ط ت ا 1‬ ‫ا ط ت.‬ ‫و ظو ت 1‬ ‫و س ‪Bionics‬‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا: ! رو ت.‬ ‫تا‬ ‫او ل ن ا‬ ‫رف‬ ‫، وو 0ت ا ب – ا ، وا زرع‬ ‫6 ا 0ت ا‬ ‫ل ط ق ھذه ا‬ ‫‪ D‬ل‬ ‫،‬ ‫ز ا رؤ ، وا: ! رو ت ا4 ، وا و 0ت ا‬ ‫ا4ذ ن، وا زرع ,)‬ ‫,) 7و7‬ ‫ت ? ا و 0ت‬ ‫تو‬ ‫ا ) ُ 1دم !‬ ‫ا 10 ا‬ ‫ ن أ ً ھذه ا‬ ‫ا: ! رو‬
  • 24. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies ‫ء ا د دة‬ ‫ا و ل وا‬ .‫إ دة د د ا4و ل وا4 ء‬ )‫وھ‬ 01 ‫!ل ر" ) 6 طو رات ددة ;ل إ ج وزرع‬D ‫م ا ر! ز ,) ھذه ا‬ .‫ طرة 6 رض ا !ر‬Insulin ‫ و ن‬I ‫رو ت‬C ‫6 أ ل أ1رى 6 ا د ا ? ي / ا زروع وا ظم وا‬ ‫ ل ھذه ا‬D .‫ر و ت‬ ‫ ا‬Implants Xeno-Transplantation ‫ا ذراع ا ر ب‬ . ‫ر‬D ‫إ 6 ا4ذرع ا وا - ا‬ ‫دف ھذه ا‬ ‫? أن ھذه ا ! ! ت 7د أظ رت‬ ‫ ً أي‬L ‫د ر ت ! ! ت د دة و !ن م‬ ‫0 ھذه ا‬
  • 25. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies #‫دة ا $ #و‬ ‫وث ول‬ .Stem Cell ‫ا ذ‬ 1 ‫ل ا و وا‬ ‫ث ول‬ 4 ‫دث 1رو7 ت‬ ‫ر‬ & $ ‫دة ا‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫,راط و!ذ ك ت رض‬N Immunized ‫ ن طو ر أ م د وا‬ ‫,) ا4 ب‬ ‫ر ا‬D ‫ا‬Monoclonal ‫1 ت ا وا د‬ ‫وا‬Phage Display ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ .1 ‫أو ,) ا وا ت ا‬ . ‫ ف أو 7 ل ا 10 ا ر‬D !‫!ن ر ط ا4 م ا دة ? ز " ت أ1رى 7 درة 6 ا‬ ‫ا4 ذ ا‬ ‫و دات ا4! دة وا4 ذ‬Dietary ‫د 0ت ا !ر وإ , ت و‬ ‫ ن ھذه ا‬ .Prebiotics ‫وا ر و‬Probiotic ‫ا رو و‬
  • 26. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies ‫ت ا )ذ ا ط‬ ‫ا * تو‬ ‫أ7ل وا ) ظ وا ت‬ ‫ذاء ھ) و طو ر أ ذ ط‬C ‫ا‬ ), ‫ا ز ا "دة‬ . ! ،‫أ,ل‬ ‫; را 8 ا، و ! ! ت‬O ‫, ً أ,ل ر! ت ا ! و‬ ‫ ن طو رات ھذه ا‬ ، ‫و, ل‬Micro Encapsulation ‫ر‬C ‫ا‬ ! ‫أ!;ر ا دا ً #، و!ذ ك ا‬ ‫و! !ت‬ ، .P ‫و, م ظواھر ا ر ط / ا ر ر ! ،...إ‬Phase ‫ا4طوار‬ ‫ا + ب ا ذ و ر ا )ذ‬ 8 ‫و ا ذي‬ ‫ ر ا ; ب ن ا ذي‬D ‫ت و ,) ا ; ب ث‬ ‫!ن ن‬ . ‫ا زوو‬ ‫ن و را7ب‬Q‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت ,) را"ر ا4 ذ !) م د د‬ ً ‫. !ن أ ن‬
  • 27. ‫‪Technologies in Biotechnology sector‬‬ ‫‪All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURD‬‬‫‪Biotechnology sector, Emerging technologies‬‬ ‫د ا و و , روب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات و و 1 ت أو و; ت و !ن أن‬ ‫د ُ طورت ! ر ت ‪ Bacteria‬وھ‪ R‬د و ود‬ ‫ر 1طرة.‬ ‫1دم ‪ D‬ر إ 6 و ود‬ ‫ت ا و و ود وا ل ‪ Agents‬رب ! " أو و و‬ ‫!ن أن ! ‪D‬ف ا‬ ‫!‬ ‫ظ ف وا7? ا ت.‬ ‫و دد‬ ‫! ظو ت ذ ر ، إ ذار !ر، ا درة 6 ا! ‪ D‬ف‬ ‫ ن ظو ت ا !‪D‬ف ا وي ا‬ ‫? ذرات 1طر ‬ ‫وا ط أ ن زر وأ وف إ ! رو‬ ‫!; , ا ز " ت ا و و‬ ‫, .‬ ‫ا وو‬ ‫ا واد ا -‬ ‫ا و و إ ! ا 1دا ,) ا طب.‬ ‫واد ا 0‬ ‫دي ا و رات ا !و‬ ‫ت ا ط و,) ض ا4 ن طو ر‬ ‫) طو ر ا‬ ‫ك ھذه ا واد ط ت د دة ,)‬ ‫تا " .‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت 6ا د‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر ر ا ط)ء : ل ا4دو‬ ‫ً‬ ‫1دم أ ‬ ‫.إ‬
  • 28. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies ‫و‬ ‫رات ا‬ ‫ا و‬ P 7 ‫د د وھ) !; رً ا !ون‬ 7 ‫در ط‬ ‫و د ا و رات ا و ن‬ ‫ ن 7 ل ظو ت و و‬R ُ ‫,) ا: ج و !ن أ ن‬ ‫، و ر‬Biodegradable . ً ‫و‬ ‫أو أن ُ ر!ب ! " ً ن واد ا ط0ق و و‬ ّ ،‫6 ا رول . ,) ھذا ا ق‬ ‫إن ا و رات ا و ھ) د ل ن ا و رات ا ؤ‬ ‫و ر ا دي. !; رً ا !ون‬ D ‫ وا ت‬Bio-Polyesters ‫ك ا و ر ا وي‬ ‫ا و رات‬ ‫ 0ك‬L ،‫ وأ واع أ1رى ن ا 0 ك‬D ‫ ز ً ن ا‬D ‫6 ا‬ ‫ا ؤ‬ .‫ززة‬ " ‫وا ت‬ ‫ ن ا و رات ا و ا رو ت وا !ر وھ درات وا ض ا ووي‬ .Nucleic Acid
  • 29. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies ‫ءة ا و / ا ق ا وي‬ .‫ا‬ . ‫ل ! ") ! ") أ 8 ,) ا ت ا و‬ L ‫إ وء‬ ‫ن وء ,) ا ط‬ ‫وي ھو در ا4و 6، ظ ھرة ر وھو ا در ا‬ ‫إن ا4 ق ا‬ ? ), ‫ ر ، أو‬D4‫ 6 ا‬R‫ ھد ا4 ق 6 ا4 ب ! طر وھ‬D, ،‫6 ا ر‬ ،‫ا ق‬ " ‫رات ا‬D ‫ن ا‬ ‫. "0ت‬ . " ‫، وا رو ت ا‬ ‫ ر! ھ) ا و راز ت ، وا رو ت ا و‬D ‫ت ا‬ ‫إن ا رو‬ SSF ‫ا‬ ‫ا # ر &, ا‬ 1‫و و‬ ‫ وا‬L ‫ رط ;ل ا‬D1 ‫6 واد‬ ‫ر‬C ‫ ت‬ ‫ھ) زرا‬ .L ‫ا‬ . ‫!ل ر" ) ,) ا 1 رات ا طر‬D SSF ً ‫◌ُ ط ق أ‬
  • 30. Technologies in Biotechnology sector All rights reserved to Dr. Sbri MOURAD Tous droits reservés à Dr. Sabri MOURDBiotechnology sector, Emerging technologies , ‫ا ما وو‬ ‫ر ، أو 1ر ت ن ;ل ھذه‬C ‫6 ا 1دام ا ت ا‬ ‫ ل ھذه ا‬D .‫ل‬ ‫ ب ا رة ,) ا‬D 4‫ا ت، وذ ك طرة 6 ا4و " وا4 راض وا‬ ‫ل‬ ), ً ‫ رة وا 1دا‬D ‫ ا4!;ر‬R ‫ھو ا‬Bacillus Thuringiensis ‫ري ل‬D ‫إن ا م ا‬ .) ‫ا !م ا و و‬ P ! ‫!ن ا ول أن ا ث ,) رو ت د دة 7د ا! ب 7وة د,? إ , و ود إ‬ . ‫ا ت إ 6 دا1ل ا ت ذا‬