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Hrtm aerospace sector

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  • 1. ‫إدارة‬‫التقانات‬‫العالية‬‫وتحدياتها‬ ‫البازغة‬High & RisingTechs MgtByDr. Sabri MOURADmourasab@yahoo.frhttp://fr.slideshare.net/mourasab/hrtm-aerospace-sector
  • 2. Technologies in Aerospace sectorAerospace sector, some general informationThis industry is related to all research, development, production, maintenance,conversion and upgrading of:- Airplanes including helicopters- Satellites and all associated equipments (launchers, controllers …)- Drones- Weapons systems used on military fighters
  • 3. Technologies in Aerospace sectorAerospace sector, some general informationAerospace industry is a vital industry :.-It has a major role in the sustainable growth (Airbus has 10 years projects and 5years orders with several thousands of ordered planes)- It is the place for emerging and advanced technologies (like composites)- Important area to push the technical development forward (robotics andadvanced material)- Major resource for national defense (Stealth airplanes and Missiles)
  • 4. Aerospace sector, some general information (USA)Technologies in Aerospace sector
  • 5. Aerospace sector, some general information (Employment USA)Technologies in Aerospace sector
  • 6. Aerospace sector, some general information (Number of shippedaircrafts USA)Technologies in Aerospace sector
  • 7. Aerospace sector, some general information (Europe)Technologies in Aerospace sector$ 223 Bn
  • 8. Aerospace sector, some general information (Employment Europe)Technologies in Aerospace sector
  • 9. Aerospace sector, some general information (Employment Europe)Technologies in Aerospace sector
  • 10. Technologies in Aerospace sectorAerospace sector in SyriaAerospace industry in Syria is almost inexistentThe major sector still the military aircrafts which is focused on the maintenanceand upgradingThe civil aerospace industry is controlled by the Syrian Air company which is theonly public actor in this sector with almost old equipment focused onmaintenance aspects.Sectors like satellites and drones is completely absent in Syria
  • 11. Technologies in Aerospace sectorFuture trends and challenges of aerospace sectorAerospace industry will grow by about 25% during the coming 25 yearsNew developments will occur in drones (military and commercial)New technologies will be developed to make environment Friendly engines (lowerconsumption and using Organic-fuel)Several new countries will enter the aerospace market (Brazil, China, Japan,India, etc)Development of new small size aircrafts (taxi airplanes)Increase of use of composites in aircrafts
  • 12. Technologies in Aerospace sectorFuture trends and challenges of aerospace sector-Reduce the noise during take off and landing- Reduce the pollution level from engines- Reduce the use of dangerous materials- Improve the safety- Improve the training equipments- Reduce the operational costs- Increase the capacity and mainly for logistics
  • 13. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sectorAerospace industry is a sector which is in continuous development to reduce itscosts. The future will be focused on the following improvements-Reduce the weight of air planes by 15-20%- Reduce the manufacturing cycles by 25%- Reduce the operating costs by 10-15%
  • 14. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Development of compositesThis technology is a major key to reduce the weight of airplanes and toreduce the fuel consumptionThese technologies will be based on the use of carbon fibers and glassfibers in AerospaceComposites have also better fatigue and corrosion properties than metalsComposites can absorb better chocks (mainly by birds)
  • 15. Usage of composites on current aircraft• 80 Tech– Flying Controls– SecondaryStructures– Engine Cowl Doors– Landing GearDoors– Fairings– Fillets• 90 Tech– PrimaryStructure– Flying Controls– SecondaryStructures– Engine CowlDoors– Landing GearDoors– Fairings– Fillets• 00 Tech– Fuselage– PrimaryStructure– Wing– Flying Controls– SecondaryStructures– Engine CowlDoors– Landing GearDoors– Fairings– FilletsTechnologies in Aerospace sector
  • 16. R. Martin & D. Evans, JOM, 52, 2000 pp. 24-28Use of Composites in Military AircraftTechnologies in Aerospace sector
  • 17. Use of composites in Commercial Transport AircraftThe Boeing 787 has 50% of itsprimary structure made of composites.A350 target is 60% of its structure incompositeTechnologies in Aerospace sector
  • 18. Leap-XA-400 enginesFuture Hybrid engines
  • 19. Back side of B-787 Dream Liner
  • 20. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Development of painting and coating materialsIt was proved that the use of special smooth paints on an airplane couldreduce the fuel consumptionPaints represents about 2 tones on a commercial airplane. Any progress inthis area will reduce the cost of the paint and the weight of the airplanePaints must be remade in regular way. New generation of paints will havelonger life time and by the end lower cost
  • 21. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Development of new metallic alloys to improve the resistance against corrosionand high temperature inside the aircrafts engines-Ultra light alloys- Ultra resistant alloys for the frames of aircrafts- Ultra thermal resistant alloys
  • 22. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Development of Hyper- AerothermodynamicsThis technology is related to the development of new software systems able tosimulate the behavior of he aircrafts and the enginesThis new generation of virtual tools allows to integrate new materials in aircraftsand to reduce in significant way the development cycleThese tools allow also to study new requirements like reduction of vibrations andnoiseHyper- Aerothermodynamics will make it possible to solve fluid mechanics3D equations like Navier-Stoches
  • 23. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Sensors technologiesThe increasing use of electronic systems to control aircrafts needs the increasingof the number of sensorsThese new sensors could be also used to improve the maintenance and thesafety of the aircraft. They can predict the failure of some pieces and thenavigation problems (like detecting other aircrafts)
  • 24. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Noise reductionThe use of CFD software will allow to develop new systems with lower noise levelThe development of new acoustic isolation materials will also contribute to thereduction of the noise of aircrafts
  • 25. Technologies in Aerospace sectorEmerging technologies in Aerospace sector-Pollution reductionThe target of these technologies is to reduce the emissions of NOx, CO and VOC- New cooling technologies of combustion chamber- Use CFD software to develop new engines- Development of new fuels (organic based)

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