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HRTM: Entreprise organisation

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Document written by Sabri MOURD, PhD and engineer in Mechanical Sciences and specialist in innovation, R&D and Advanced Technologies. Dr. Mourad has also a master degree in Business Administration and …

Document written by Sabri MOURD, PhD and engineer in Mechanical Sciences and specialist in innovation, R&D and Advanced Technologies. Dr. Mourad has also a master degree in Business Administration and another master degree in project management.
Dr. Sabri MOURAD is Technology Director at Albany International (technical textile specialist) and Associated Professor at the University of Haute Alsace and the Virtual University SVU. He teaches Master Students the management of innovation, the management of emerging technologies and the management of R&D.
This document describes the emerging trends in technology and organization management.
Document élaboré par Sabri Mourad, Docteur ingénieur en mécanique et spécialiste de l'innovation, de la recherche et développement et des technologies avancées. Dr. Mourad a également un master en administration des entreprises et un autre en management de projet.
Dr. Sabri MOURD est Directeur de Technologies à Albany International (spécialiste de textiles technique) et Professeur associés à l’Université de Haute Alsace et l’Université Virtuelle SVU. Il forme les étudiants niveau Master sur les Techniques de l’innovation et de la gestion des technologies avancées.
Ce document décrit les technologies nouvelles tendances dans le mangement des entreprises et des organisations

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  • 1. ‫إدارة‬‫التقانات‬‫العالية‬‫وتحدياتها‬ ‫البازغة‬High & EmergingTechs MgtByDr. Sabri MOURADmourasab@yahoo.frhttp://fr.slideshare.net/mourasab/entreprise-organisation
  • 2. Facts:2021 : End of Silver2025 : End of Gold2030 : End of Lead2039 : End of Cupper2040 : End of Uranium2048 : End of Nickel2050 : End of OilFuture of enterprises and organizations
  • 3. Facts:-The power of microprocessors doubles each 18 months.• In 15 years the calculation power x 1000• In 30 years the calculation power x 1 000 000• In 50 years the calculation power x 1 000 000 000In 30 years all most complicated equations and vitalprocesses could be solved/simulated accurately in realtime (weather, turbulence, …)Future of enterprises and organizations
  • 4. The number of connected devices to internet increases exponentially.5 billions connected in 2015 (estimation Alcatel-Lucent)50 billions devices connected to Internet in 2030-Generated data doubles each 24 months (10 18 bytes in 2008)• In 20 years x 1000 (10 21 bytes)• In 40 years x 1000 000 (10 24 bytes)• In 60 years x 1 000 000 000 (10 27 bytes)The future growth and innovation will be dominated by thecapacity of creating data bases, updating and extractinginformation from themFuture of enterprises and organizations
  • 5. Facts:-The number of researchers doubles each 10 years (10 million in 2009)• In 20 years x 4 (40 million)• In 40 years x 16 (160 million)• In 60 years x 64 (640million)The future growth and innovation will be driven by highqualified human resources focused on research anddevelopment organized in networks (knowledge drivensociety)Future of enterprises and organizations
  • 6. Major forces of change in enterprises until 2025- Ultra competition due to the globalization and increasing needs fornew products.- Increasing needs for customization- Increasing number of new technologies (1 million patent per year or 2new patents per minute)- Increasing demand for friendly environment products- Increasing demand for energy savings- Increasing role of knowledge and intellectual properties- Global optimization of production factorsFuture of enterprises and organizations
  • 7. Major forces of change in enterprises until 2025Due to these forces, it is normal to investigate the following topics:What are the future forms of enterprises in the coming 20 years?What is the future form of manpower in the coming 20 years?What is the future of innovation process in the coming 20 years?Future of enterprises and organizations
  • 8. What do customers need?High quality Low prices High serviceWhat enterprises have to do?Increase Quality (be the best)Increase reactivity (be the first)Reduce costs (be the cheapest but attentions for theconcerned product)Future Forms of enterprises
  • 9. - The structure of companies will be very focused on innovationand continuous creation of new products-High innovation rate = low life time of products = flexiblemanagement and organization = reinforcement of product lifecycle management = strong link with customer and sharing ofrisk with suppliers- Lower the costs = increasing use of ICT = increasing use of justin time production = reducing development time = improving theefficiency of R&D = increasing outsourcing = increasespecializationFuture Forms of enterprises
  • 10. -New major forms of enterprises and companies* Companies of transformation of raw materials to create semifinal products or commodities (like wood panels, basic chemicals,engines …)* Companies of customizations which will assembly the semi-final products and commodities to create customized products(automotive companies, Dell, Apple, etc). These companies has adirect relationship with customersFuture Forms of enterprises
  • 11. -New major forms of enterprises and companies* Even companies which seems local (bread makers), they will use aglobal structure through their suppliers (automatic production lines,centralized production of flour, …)* Successful companies will be able to create alliances and clustersto improve development time and to increase access to customers* The intellectual assets of organization will be more valuable andmainly its capacity to readapt its structure to continuous changingenvironment* Social medias will play a major role in the new organizations (inthe future customers will be able to know what other customersknow)Future Forms of enterprises
  • 12. • Continuous changing economy = continuous new products andtechnology = continuous need to learn new technologies =continuous training and qualification of labor forces• Successful companies will be characterized by dedicatedemployees able to understand their place in the strategy and ableto influence the strategy and accelerate the creation of newproducts• Labor forces will use more and more ICT and Data bases andhigher interaction with machines and robotsFuture of labor forces
  • 13. SectorRevenue2010 (inmillions)Decline2000-2010ForecastDecline2010-2016Establish-ments2010Decline2000-2010ForecastDecline2010-2016Wired Telecommunications $154,096 -54.9% -37.1% 23,474 -10.5% -15.9%Mills/Engineering $54,645 -50.2% -10.0% 9,553 -23.6% -12.8%Newspaper Publishing $40,726 -35.9% -18.8% 6,128 -28.6% -17.6%Textile manufacuring $12,800 -77.1% -8.5% 2,265 -60.5% -11.3%DVD, Game & Video Rental $7,839 -35.7% -19.3% 17,369 -34.8% -11.2%Manufactured HomeDealers$4,538 -73.7% -62.0% 3,968 -56.7% -58.7%Video PostproductionServices$4,276 -24.9% -10.7% 1,789 -43.2% -37.8%Record Stores $1,804 -76.3% -39.7% 2,916 -77.4% -11.6%Photofinishing $1,603 -69.1% -39.1% 7,083 -59.3% -33.3%Formal Wear & CostumeRental$736 -35.0% -14.6% 2,310 -28.5% -17.0%Future of labor forces10 dying industries in USA http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2011/03/28/top-10-dying-industries/
  • 14. • Continuous changing economy = continuous new products andtechnology = continuous need to learn new technologies =continuous training and qualification of labor forces• Successful companies will be characterized by dedicatedemployees able to understand their place in the strategy and ableto influence the strategy and accelerate the creation of newproducts• Labor forces will use more and more ICT and Data bases andhigher interaction with machines and robotsFuture of innovation process
  • 15. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTo pass from current technologies to integrate HRTM, companies need to workon 5 organizational axes:-Simultaneous engineering- Integration of human and technical resources to improve the outputs of humanresources- Integrate new tools of knowledge management and real time Data treatment- Continuous restructuring of companies- Accelerate innovation process and focus on miniaturization of products
  • 16. Steps needed to integrate HRTMSimultaneous engineering- Development process becomes parallel instead of step by step- This decreases the development time and the time to market- This approach is encouraged by the need of global approach to product lifecycle ( how to make it, commercialization, end of life, recycling services, etc)- Simultaneous engineering is encouraged by the ICT tools and will increase inthe coming years- Simultaneous engineering encourage collective work and open innovation(working between suppliers and manufacturers)- Simultaneous engineering needs new skills in coordination and projectmanagement and team cooperation
  • 17. 900 first range contractorsSteps needed to integrate HRTM
  • 18. Steps needed to integrate HRTMBenefits of Simultaneous engineering- Very strong acceleration of time to market process. We will see in the futuresome ideas reaches the market within few months- Very strong acceleration in the industrialization porcess-Very strong acceleration in debugging of new products and achieving thevalidation process- Strong reduction in the design phase and mainly for advanced and complicatedtechs.
  • 19. Steps needed to integrate HRTMSimultaneous engineering is not a choice but an obligation- Markets will appear and disappear rapidly (no time to wait)- Mass production will disappear and the needs for short series will increase(customization)- A lot of new technologies appear every day and this could changefundamentally some sectors very rapidly and reduce strongly the costs in someof them- Globalization lead to global competition even with people who were not in thebusiness. These competitors could appear and disappear rapidly
  • 20. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTechniques needed for Simultaneous engineering،‫النظم‬ ‫ومحاكاة‬ ‫نمذجة‬ ‫على‬ ‫القدرة‬،Modular ‫مودولية‬ ‫تكيفية‬ ‫تصاميم‬ ‫منهجيات‬ ‫امتالك‬،‫تكيفية‬ ‫وتجهيزات‬ ‫عمليات‬ ‫امتالك‬‫والعمليات‬ ‫المواد‬ ‫وامتالك‬.
  • 21. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTechniques needed for Simultaneous engineering‫النظم‬ ‫ومحاكاة‬ ‫نمذجة‬ ‫على‬ ‫القدرة‬‫المساهمة‬ ‫من‬ ،‫المؤسسة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الشركة‬ ‫نشاطات‬ ‫كافة‬ ‫محاكاة‬ ‫على‬ ‫القادرة‬ ‫النظم‬ ‫نماذج‬ ‫تمكن‬ ‫سوف‬‫االمثلية‬ ‫وحتى‬ ‫المجدية‬ ‫الحلول‬ ‫وضع‬ ‫بهدف‬ ‫العملياتية‬ ‫القرارات‬ ‫صنع‬ ‫في‬.‫لها‬ ‫يسمح‬ ‫سوف‬ ‫بمجملها‬ ‫المؤسسة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫للشركة‬ ‫والمحاكاة‬ ‫النمذجة‬ ‫على‬ ‫القدرة‬ ‫امتالك‬ ‫فإن‬ ‫لذلك‬‫بالزمن‬ ‫عملياتية‬ ‫قرارات‬ ‫اتخاذ‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫من‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫الشركة‬ ‫داخل‬ ‫والمتزامن‬ ‫الواسع‬ ‫بالتخطيط‬‫األجهزة‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫بما‬ ،‫المؤسسة‬ ‫نشاطات‬ ‫كافة‬ ‫تجسد‬ ‫سوف‬ ‫المستقبلية‬ ‫النظم‬ ‫نماذج‬ ‫ألن‬ ،‫الحقيقي‬.‫اإلنتاج‬ ‫منظومات‬ ‫ضمن‬ ‫بها‬ ‫األشخاص‬ ‫يتفاعل‬ ‫التي‬ ‫والطرق‬ ‫والعمليات‬
  • 22. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTechniques needed for Simultaneous engineeringModular ‫ومودولية‬ ‫تكيفية‬ ‫تصاميم‬ ‫منهجيات‬ ‫امتالك‬‫المنتجات‬ ‫من‬ ‫واسع‬ ‫مجال‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تكيفية‬ ‫التصاميم‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المتزامنة‬ ‫الهندسة‬ ‫دعم‬ ‫يفرض‬‫والعمليات‬.‫قابلة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫إن‬ ‫يفترض‬ ‫التي‬ ‫التصميم‬ ‫وحدات‬ ‫مكاتب‬ ‫في‬ ‫التصميم‬ ‫منهجيات‬ ‫توضع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يتوقع‬‫اإلنتاج‬ ‫وتكاليف‬ ‫الموارد‬ ‫من‬ ‫واالستفادة‬ ‫الخام‬ ‫المواد‬ ‫االعتبار‬ ‫بعين‬ ‫تأخذ‬ ‫والتي‬ ‫االستخدام‬ ‫إلعادة‬‫الصلة‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫العوامل‬ ‫من‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ‫الصيانة‬ ‫وزمن‬.
  • 23. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTechniques needed for Simultaneous engineering‫تكيفية‬ ‫وتجهيزات‬ ‫عمليات‬ ‫امتالك‬‫منتجات‬ ‫تصنيع‬ ‫مع‬ ‫بسرعة‬ ‫تتكيف‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫التي‬ ‫العمليات‬ ‫من‬ ‫جملة‬ ،‫المتزامنة‬ ‫الهندسة‬ ‫ستتطلب‬‫الديناميكية‬ ‫السوق‬ ‫مطالب‬ ‫لمواجهة‬ ‫جديدة‬‫من‬ ‫األدنى‬ ‫بالحد‬ ‫جاهز‬ ‫منتج‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ونقله‬ ‫المنتج‬ ‫لتصاميم‬ ‫رقمية‬ ‫نماذج‬ ‫تطوير‬ ‫األمر‬ ‫سيتطلب‬ ،‫إذن‬‫قياسي‬ ‫وبزمن‬ ‫البشري‬ ‫التدخل‬.‫ا‬ً‫د‬‫اعتما‬ ‫المنتج‬ ‫تصنيع‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫يصار‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫اآللة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بسالسة‬ ‫العمليات‬ ‫تصاميم‬ ‫تتدفق‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يفترض‬ ‫لذلك‬‫معقدة‬ ‫أدوات‬ ‫تصنيع‬ ‫تتطلب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بحيث‬ ‫ومبرمجة‬ ‫مرنة‬ ‫تشكيل‬ ‫عمليات‬ ‫على‬.
  • 24. Steps needed to integrate HRTMTechniques needed for Simultaneous engineering‫والعمليات‬ ‫المواد‬ ‫امتالك‬‫مواد‬ ‫إنتاج‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫التي‬ ‫العمليات‬ ‫إيجاد‬ ‫الجديدة‬ ‫للمنتجات‬ ‫السريع‬ ‫التنفيذ‬ ‫سيتطلب‬‫جديدة‬ ‫وخواص‬ ‫وبنى‬ ‫جديدة‬ ‫مواد‬ ‫األرجح‬ ‫على‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫ُتستخدم‬ ‫وبحيث‬ ‫كلي‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫جديدة‬ ‫وأشكال‬.‫ذات‬ ‫المكونات‬ ‫من‬ ‫كبير‬ ‫إنتاج‬ ‫تنفيذ‬ ‫بهدف‬ ،‫بالشكل‬ ‫مقيد‬ ‫غير‬ ‫تصنيع‬ ‫استخدام‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫يعني‬ ‫وهذا‬‫معتبرة‬ ‫أبعاد‬ ‫ودقة‬ ‫متنوعة‬ ‫مواد‬ ‫بخواص‬ ‫العالية‬ ‫الجودة‬.‫بحيث‬ ‫إنشائها‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫يصار‬ ‫أن‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ،‫الفريدة‬ ‫النوعية‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫بالمنتجات‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫بالمواد‬ ‫يتعلق‬ ‫فيما‬‫فقط‬ ‫واحدة‬ ‫لمرة‬ ‫لالستخدام‬ ‫قابلة‬ ‫تكون‬