AT for
Reading
Jeongsuk Jang
CONTENTS
LEARNING TO READ & READING TO LEARN
THE FIVE SKILLS OF READING INSTRUCTION (NRP)
INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS
COMPENSATORY...
The illiteracy in the world
READING DISABILITIES
Lerner, 2003
• As many as 8 of 10 students with learning disabilities
have reading problems; they can...
LEARNING TO READ
vs
READING TO LEARN
• Content Literacy Skills
• Support
• Compensation
• K4-Adults
• Instruction
• Remedi...
INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS
LEARNING TO READ
THE FIVE SKILLS
NRP, 2000
• Phonemic awareness:Understanding the sounds of a language
• Phonics:Recognizing the correspond...
GOOD READING APPS
Meyer & Rose, 1998
• Highlight patterns among sounds, letters, and letter-sound
correspondence
• Provide...
INTERVENTION PROGRAM
• Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI)
• Wilson Reading System
• Read Naturally
• Story Town Intervent...
APPS FOR P/A & PHONICS
• Present both visual displays and sounds
• Speak phonemes aloud and provide practice with actual
s...
Fast ForWord
APPS FOR FLUENCY
• Include modeling fluent reading
• Provide opportunities for repeated oral reading with support
and feed...
APPS FOR VOCABULARY
• “Computer vocabulary instruction shows positive learning
gain over traditional methods” NRP, 2002
• ...
ClozePro for vocabulary
APPS FOR COMPREHENSION
• Provide appropriate reading materials
• Let students listen to the story being read
• Let they re...
Achieve3000: Web-based subscription service
PEDAGOGY for READING MATERIALS
• Students learn better when they can choose the resources to
help them learn. Scott Windha...
COMPENSATORY TOOLS
READING TO LEARN
LOW-TECH FOR READING
ATTO, 2005
• Different-colored highlighter pens
• Sticky notes
• Book holder
• Pencil eraser or rubbe...
ALTERNATE FORMATS
• Provide access to instructional materials
• File Types & Playback Devices
• e-Text: a computer file (e...
TECH TO ACCESS ALTERNATE FORMATS
• Text Readers
• Scan/Read System
• Scan/Read for Students who are blind or visually
impa...
TEXT READERS
• Convert text from MS Word Documents, Emails, Web Pages and PDF Files into
natural-sounding speech
• Create ...
TextAloud
SCAN/READ SYSTEMS
• A combination of the use of a computer, a scanner, optical character
recognition software, and speech ...
Internet Sites Offering e-TEXT
• Bookshare. Org
• Electronic Text Center at The University of Virginia
• Eserver
• Google ...
SCAN/READ
FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE BLIND
• Kurzweil 1000 and OpenBook
• Hot Keys
• KNFB Reader Mobile: text-to-speech technolo...
Intel® Reader
● Converts text to speech by taking a picture.
● Read on the spot, or store text for later listening.
● Need...
Dorrie with print disabilities
Sarah with reading comprehension difficulty
RECORDED BOOKS
• Learning Ally
• Digital books- DAISY format
• CD or a download from the Internet
• Users can start the bo...
AUDIOBOOKS
• Using iPads and MP3
• Public libraries, bookstores, and download (Audible.com,
Amazon.com, or Itunes)
• Bests...
ADAPTED BOOKS
• Students with multiple disabilities/reading below grade level
• A lack of appropriate materials: age appro...
DECISION MAKING:
INSTRUCTIONAL & COMPENSATORY TOOLS
• Edyburn, 2003
– “Technology should be considered as a compensatory t...
AT FOR READING
• Provide multiple means to scaffold reading success
• Support all of the components of the five skills as ...
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, & POLITICAL
CHALLENGES
Tech Worth Spreading
Negroponte takes OLPC to Colombia
“Forget what you may have heard about a digital
divide or worries that the world is splintering into ‘info
haves’ and ‘inf...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Reading

362 views
275 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
362
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reading

  1. 1. AT for Reading Jeongsuk Jang
  2. 2. CONTENTS LEARNING TO READ & READING TO LEARN THE FIVE SKILLS OF READING INSTRUCTION (NRP) INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS COMPENSATORY TOOLS DECISION MAKING: INSTRUCTIONAL & COMPENSATORY TOOLS BEYOND READING
  3. 3. The illiteracy in the world
  4. 4. READING DISABILITIES Lerner, 2003 • As many as 8 of 10 students with learning disabilities have reading problems; they cannot read and understand grade-level material. • Literacy is one area in which well-applied assistive technologies can act as a lifeline to the students
  5. 5. LEARNING TO READ vs READING TO LEARN • Content Literacy Skills • Support • Compensation • K4-Adults • Instruction • Remediation • Intervention • K1-K3
  6. 6. INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS LEARNING TO READ
  7. 7. THE FIVE SKILLS NRP, 2000 • Phonemic awareness:Understanding the sounds of a language • Phonics:Recognizing the correspondence between sounds and letters • Fluency: Reading orally with speed, accuracy, and proper expression • Vocabulary: Understanding the meaning of words both orally and in print • Comprehension: understanding the meaning of the text
  8. 8. GOOD READING APPS Meyer & Rose, 1998 • Highlight patterns among sounds, letters, and letter-sound correspondence • Provide multiple opportunities for meaningful practice • Engage students through interactive activities and interesting displays (e.g., colors, animation, and sounds) • Allow for customization for individual differences • Starfall
  9. 9. INTERVENTION PROGRAM • Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) • Wilson Reading System • Read Naturally • Story Town Intervention Station • Road to the Code • Sonday System • Fast ForWord
  10. 10. APPS FOR P/A & PHONICS • Present both visual displays and sounds • Speak phonemes aloud and provide practice with actual sounds • Involve slowing down, exaggerating, and altering sounds to make sound patterns easier to recognize • Fast ForWord / Earobics
  11. 11. Fast ForWord
  12. 12. APPS FOR FLUENCY • Include modeling fluent reading • Provide opportunities for repeated oral reading with support and feedback for appropriate speed, accuracy, and expression • Provide audio recording reading rates • Represent improvement in graph form • Help students identify unfamiliar words • Read Naturally Software Edition
  13. 13. APPS FOR VOCABULARY • “Computer vocabulary instruction shows positive learning gain over traditional methods” NRP, 2002 • Vocabulary related to text, not isolated • Multiple exposure to words in rich contexts • Auditory access to text-based practice, adjustable response time, and adjustable visual display • ClozePro V.2/ Clicker 6
  14. 14. ClozePro for vocabulary
  15. 15. APPS FOR COMPREHENSION • Provide appropriate reading materials • Let students listen to the story being read • Let they read along with a visual display that has been adjusted to meet their individual preferences, • Observe on-screen characters model reading comprehension strategies • Provide quick access to definitions of unfamiliar vocabulary • Practice using the reading comprehension strategies • Thinking Reader
  16. 16. Achieve3000: Web-based subscription service
  17. 17. PEDAGOGY for READING MATERIALS • Students learn better when they can choose the resources to help them learn. Scott Windham,2009 • Let students choose their own reading materials that match their interests for deep engagement Rothman, 2004 • e-books; Reading A-Z, Scholastic Book Wizard, Raz-Kids
  18. 18. COMPENSATORY TOOLS READING TO LEARN
  19. 19. LOW-TECH FOR READING ATTO, 2005 • Different-colored highlighter pens • Sticky notes • Book holder • Pencil eraser or rubber-tipped head or chin stick • Page Up • Glasses
  20. 20. ALTERNATE FORMATS • Provide access to instructional materials • File Types & Playback Devices • e-Text: a computer file (e.g..doc, .docx, rtf, .txt, html) • DAISY books: provide full text and synchronized audio played on portable DAISY compatible playback device • PDF FILES • MP3: audio-only format • Large Print • BRF (Braille Format): read by BrailleNote
  21. 21. TECH TO ACCESS ALTERNATE FORMATS • Text Readers • Scan/Read System • Scan/Read for Students who are blind or visually impaired • National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard
  22. 22. TEXT READERS • Convert text from MS Word Documents, Emails, Web Pages and PDF Files into natural-sounding speech • Create audio files for use on iPods, iPhones, and other portable audio devices and have automatic iTunes syncing • Help students with reading disabilities, business people, (ESL) students at all levels, writers, lawyers, etc. • Text Aloud, Read Out:Loud, Read2Go, and Blio
  23. 23. TextAloud
  24. 24. SCAN/READ SYSTEMS • A combination of the use of a computer, a scanner, optical character recognition software, and speech output • Provide options to change the appearance of the visual display, to set the reading speed, and talking dictionary • The Kentucky Project – “Freed thousands of Kentucky students with learning disabilities from the stigma and failure” Hasselbring & Goin,2004 – Students with disabilities are more likely to reread text several times for clarity when using it than when listening to the text being read aloud by a teacher • Read & Write Gold, Kurzwell3000, and WYNN, ClaroRead Plus
  25. 25. Internet Sites Offering e-TEXT • Bookshare. Org • Electronic Text Center at The University of Virginia • Eserver • Google Book Search • Internet Public Library 2 • Louis Database of Accessible Materials for People Who are Blind or Visually Impaired • Project Gutenberg
  26. 26. SCAN/READ FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE BLIND • Kurzweil 1000 and OpenBook • Hot Keys • KNFB Reader Mobile: text-to-speech technology • Intel Reader • ZoomReader
  27. 27. Intel® Reader ● Converts text to speech by taking a picture. ● Read on the spot, or store text for later listening. ● Needs no additional equipment, networking, or special software ● $599.00
  28. 28. Dorrie with print disabilities
  29. 29. Sarah with reading comprehension difficulty
  30. 30. RECORDED BOOKS • Learning Ally • Digital books- DAISY format • CD or a download from the Internet • Users can start the book at any place, insert bookmarks, navigate from one page/chapter to another, or from one bookmark/heading to the next • A portable CD player: Victor Reader Wave and Victor Reader Stream
  31. 31. AUDIOBOOKS • Using iPads and MP3 • Public libraries, bookstores, and download (Audible.com, Amazon.com, or Itunes) • Bestsellers and popular fiction and nonfiction • AudibleKids.com
  32. 32. ADAPTED BOOKS • Students with multiple disabilities/reading below grade level • A lack of appropriate materials: age appropriate, engaging, and written at a level the students can understand • Start-to-Finish Books – a paperback book to read, – an audiobook to listen to, and – a computer book that provides visual and auditory supports
  33. 33. DECISION MAKING: INSTRUCTIONAL & COMPENSATORY TOOLS • Edyburn, 2003 – “Technology should be considered as a compensatory tool when a student routinely fails to attain appropriate levels of academic performance” (p. 19) – Appropriate compensatory tools let students “experience success and achieve the functional outcome expected in their academic classes” (p. 20)
  34. 34. AT FOR READING • Provide multiple means to scaffold reading success • Support all of the components of the five skills as identified by the NRP • Meet the reading needs of students with and without disabilities
  35. 35. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, & POLITICAL CHALLENGES
  36. 36. Tech Worth Spreading Negroponte takes OLPC to Colombia
  37. 37. “Forget what you may have heard about a digital divide or worries that the world is splintering into ‘info haves’ and ‘info have-nots.’ The fact is, technology fosters equality, and it's often the relatively cheap and mundane devices that do the most good” Bill Clinton, 2012, Time Thank You

×