A book is a technologyFormats change over time - stone tablets, papyrus, vellum scrolls, Gutenberg printing pressToday we have hard cover, soft cover, talking books on audiocassette, audio CD, mp3Formats coexisted for years and was a matter of choiceThe change from print book to e-book seems to be as disruptive as the change from hand written books to moveable type.
Is a book defined primarily by its container or its content? Or both?What matters more, form or content?Do you prefer a specific type of container? Is an e-book a real book?Portability A book is long form writingUsing a font size of 12 points, at 25 lines per page, and about 10 words per lineTypical book is 80,000-100,000 words in lengthThat’s 320-400 pages in a typical sized book160 pages = 40,000 words500 pages = 125,000 wordsShort form writing digitized firstJournal articles began being digitized 15-20 years ago. They are short, easy to read on the computer screen, inexpensive to printStarted with current issues forward, later digitized back files.Read on equipment already had access to - computer screen through web browser or Adobe Reader
E-books have been around a lot longer than e-readers1971, Project Gutenberg
From their inception, e-books have always been readable through a computerEncyclopedias were very popular on CD-ROM in the 1980s and 1990s Reference books are easy to provide as searchable databases – not reading cover to cover, just want a small portion of the wholeBut not easily portable until late 1990s and late 2000s
http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/04/04/the-rise-of-e-reading/Is reading for information different from recreational reading?
Print books – Copyright protects owner’s right to print, copy, distribute, adapt the work, profit– Fair use allows teachers to use portions of works in instructional settings without violating copyright – most often this is about copying and distributing portions of works– Once you buy a print book you can do almost anything with it you wish (right of first sale) – this is what makes it possible for libraries to circulate materials– Lend it, copy it, write in it, gift it, sell it, donate it, destroy itE-books are licensed– Contract law trumps copyright law– In most cases, you lease access to but do not own the e-book– Do not have right of first sale – in most cases cannot lend, cannot copy, sell, or donate it– Digital Rights Management is the copyright holders attempt to prevent illegal use of their content (music industry has given up on DRM for the most part)
1998Rocketbook 4 MB or 4,000 pages would hold about 10 booksWeighed a little more than a poundCost $600Did not offer wireless downloadsPORTABILITY
So with all of these options, how do you choose what is best for you?
We have lots of choices today! Do your researchIt is easy to be swayed by techno-lust!Do you want or needs lots of separate devices or one device that does it all?
4 positively charged white pigments. 5 negatively charged black pigments. 6 transparent oil.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_ink New e Ink Nook with GlowLightis due out this month – includes a built in light to read in the dark
We will see e-readerprices continue to fall – the ongoing revenue is in the e-books not the devicesLike razors – handles are cheap, the profit is in the bladesAmazon considers the Kindle to be a SERVICE not a PRODUCT
Easier for consumer to purchase and download books to their e-readers than to download e-books from the library
Access to downloaded books typically expires after 2-3 weeks
View all of these with web browser on a computer, tablet, smartphone
Lower pricesDevices become ubiquitousLike razors – handles are cheap, the profit is in the blades
Quickly changing technology – need to keep upKindles – 50 classic novels, CTL reading circle books, several bestsellers added every semester
Research on these is in its infancy, we may not know for years
e-books and e-readers @ your library May 23, 2012
e-books and e-readers • What is a book? • History of e-books • History and characteristics of e-readers • Finding & downloading e-books • What’s next for – Librarians – Consumers – Educators
What is a book? A book is a technology… formats change and coexist
What is a book? • Container – Physical format – Electronic format • Content – Ideas, essays, poetry, stories – Illustrations • Length – 80,000 words = 320 pages – 100,000 words = 400 pages
History of e-books What year was the first e-book made available?
History of e-books 1971 Michael S. Hart launched Project Gutenberg, the oldest digital library. Most of the items in its collection are the full texts of public domain books. 1980s and 1990s – Encyclopedias, directories on CD-ROM 1996 Project Gutenberg reaches 1,000 e-books. 2000 Stephen King offers his book "Riding the Bullet" in digital file; it can only be read on a computer. 2010 As of November 2010, Project Gutenberg claimed over 34,000 items in its collection. 2011 Amazon claims to have over 1 million e-books 2011 Barnes & Nobles claims to have over 2 million e-books 2012 As of May, Project Gutenberg claims to have over 39,000 items in its collection.
How are e-books legally different from print? Print books E-books • Copyright law • Contract law • Fair Use • Licensing • Right of first sale • DRM
History of hand held e-readers What year was the first hand held e-reader made available?
History of hand held e-readers 1998 The first e-book readers available on the consumer market, the Rocket ebook and the SoftBook. 2006 Sony Reader with E Ink available on the consumer market. 2007 Amazon launched the Kindle using E Ink technology. 2009 Amazon released the Kindle 2 and Barnes & Noble released the original Nook. 2010 Apple released the iPad in April 2010. It includes an e-book app called iBooks. 2010 Amazon released Kindle 3 in wi-fi and 3G versions. 2010 Barnes & Noble released the NOOKcolor. 2011 In July 2011, the iriver Story HD was released, the first e-reader to completely integrate with Google eBooks. 2011 November, Amazon released Kindle Fire (color tablet) and Kindle Touch (E Ink touch screen); B&N Nook Tablet 2012 May, B&N releases Nook Simple Touch with GlowLight
Which e-reader is best for me? Top Ten Reviews eBook Reader comparisons
Which e-reader is best for me? E Ink Color • Easier to read • Light emitting • Mimics ink on paper • Great for images • Crisp text • Eye fatigue • Can read in full • Washes out in sunlight sunlight • Can read in the dark
Which e-reader is best for me? E-Reader with E Ink Color E-Reader or Tablet PC • Reading books, text • Reading • Single purpose device magazines, Internet use, apps • Read in bright light • Multi-function device • Easy on the eyes • Can read in the dark • Half pound • Emits light, eye fatigue • 6-7 inch screen • 1 to 1.5 pounds • Battery duration between charges up to one month • 7-10 inch screens • $79-$199 • Battery duration of one day or so depending on use • $199-$500
How do I get e-books onto my e-reader? Consumer purchased: Library provided: • Buy e-books from the • Library buys e-books provider associated with from library vendors your e-reader • Library user must be • Download free e-books eligible to use the service from Project Gutenberg • Majority of library e-books • Download through wifi or can be read through a 3G directly to device web browser • Connect device to • Several step process to computer then drag and download to e-reader drop book to device
What e-books does the library offer? http://extras.mnginteractive.com/live/media/site234/2011/0426/20110426__webtoon424ebook.jpg
What e-books does the Mott Library offer? • ebrary College Collection – 28,000 + titles – Subscription database, new content added continuously – Simultaneous use – Download chapter or whole book for up to 2 weeks • Netlibrary, now EBSCOhost eBook Collection – 13,000 titles, 2007 and earlier – Own in perpetuity – One user at a time • Gale e-Reference – Encyclopedias, handbooks, manuals – Own in perpetuity – Simultaneous use
Demonstration • How to download ebrary books to your Kindle, Nook, and iPad
What’s next? For Consumers • Choice of format • Access • Digital rights • ADA compliance • Privacy
What’s next? For Mott Librarians • Monitor trends • Learn how to use new devices so we can teach others • Balance and adjust purchasing patterns, % print and % electronic • Know what users need and want • Begin lending preloaded Kindles to MCC faculty and staff, Summer 2012
What’s next? For Educators • What are the differences between reading on screen vs. paper? • How does reading on screen rewire how our brain functions and the way we learn, create, and share knowledge? • How has the mobile, social, 24x7 environment impacted students’ attention spans and ways of learning? – Continuous partial attention – Info-snacking – Alone together • Pew presentation at Educause 2011: As Learning Goes Mobile, http://pewinternet.org/Presentations/2011/Oct/Educase-2011.aspx
Learn more • LibGuide on E-Books and E-Readers