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Agenda What is driverless car? Technologies. DARPA grand challenge 2007
What is a driverless car(Robot cars)? is a vehicle that can drive itself from one point to another without assistance from a driver; in other words, with an autopilot system.
In order to drive a car, a system would need to: Sensors Navigation Motion planning (traffic) Actuation (operate the mechanics of the vehicle).
Sensors Sensors employed in driverless cars are called Mobileye N.V. Mobileye offers a wide range of driver safety solutions combining artificial vision image processing, multiple technological applications and information technology
Navigation The ability to plot a route from where the vehicle is to where the user wants to be has been available for several years. The more sophisticated systems also receive radio updates on road blockages, and adapt accordingly
Motion planning is a term used in robotics for the process of detailing a task into discrete motions. It should execute this task while avoiding objects like other cars.
Control of vehicle As automotive technology matures, more and more functions of the underlying engine, gearbox etc. are no longer directly controlled by the driver by mechanical means. It is controlled via a computer, which receives instructions from the driver as inputs and delivers the desired effect by means of electronic throttle control. Therefore, the technology for a computer to control all aspects of a vehicle is well understood.
DARPA Urban Challenge2007 It is a prize competition for driverless vehicles, funded by the(Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), the most prominent research organization of the United States Department of Defense.
The purpose of DARPA urban challenge 2007 Saving lives on the battlefield (by sending unmanned vehicles). Minimize the probability of accidents in cities.
Tartan racing team The $2 million winner of DARPA urban challenge 2007 The course involved a 96 km to be completed in less than 6 hours Rules included obeying all traffic regulations while negotiating with other traffic and obstacles and merging into traffic.
Thank you“What was called science fiction 5o years ago can be called science fact nowadays.” MOSTAFA HUSSIEN