How do we know what we know about History? Primary and Secondary Sources
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How do we know what we know about History? Primary and Secondary Sources

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Presentation over the differences between Primary and Secondary Sources.

Presentation over the differences between Primary and Secondary Sources.

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How do we know what we know about History? Primary and Secondary Sources How do we know what we know about History? Primary and Secondary Sources Presentation Transcript

  • How do we knowHow do we know whatwhat we knowwe know about History?about History? Learning about Primary and SecondaryLearning about Primary and Secondary SourcesSources
  • DefinitionsDefinitions Primary Source: A first-hand account, record, or evidence about a person, place object, or an event. Secondary Source: An account, record, or evidence that comes from an original or primary source Think: I was there Think: I heard or learned about it from somebody who was there.
  • Types of SecondaryTypes of Secondary SourcesSources What Makes SomethingWhat Makes Something a Secondary Source?a Secondary Source?
  • DefinitionsDefinitions Secondary Source: An account, record, or evidence that comes from an original or primary source Think: I heard or learned about it from somebody who was there.
  • Your History TextbookYour History Textbook Historians take what they have learned from studying history to write a description of historical events, people, and main ideas to help you better understand the past.
  • Non-FictionNon-Fiction Many historians write books about their research of a historical person or event. Biographies Encyclopedias Historical Non-Fiction
  • A DocumentaryA Documentary This year you will watch several clips from the History Chanel Miniseries “The Story Of Us” where actors will act out historical events based on what historians believe what happened. You might watch other types of documentaries where historians will describe what they know about a historical event or person.
  • Second Hand (I heard from..) It is a summary of what is believed to have taken place. Comes from examining Primary Sources. What are some of the important characteristics of something that is a Secondary Source?
  • Textbooks What are some examples of Secondary Sources? Biographies Encyclopedias Documentaries
  • Types of PrimaryTypes of Primary SourcesSources What Makes SomethingWhat Makes Something a Primary Source?a Primary Source?
  • DefinitionsDefinitions Primary Source: A first-hand account, record, or evidence about a person, place object, or an event. Think: I was there
  • Diaries, Letter, or JournalsDiaries, Letter, or Journals How many of you share something about yourself on something like Facebook Instagram, or Twitter? Historians look at things such as Diaries, Letters, or Journals of people who lived in the past to learn more about what life was like back than.
  • Historical DocumentsHistorical Documents Many historians look through many different types of historical documents to learn more about a particular person or historical era. These documents might include: census records marriage licenses military enlistment or discharge papers tax records death certificates ...and many more 1940 Census Civil War Enlistment Paper Marlin Monroe's Marriage License
  • NewspapersNewspapers Historians also look back at old newspapers to learn... about the important news stories of the day. about the types of items sold in advertisements. about what people thought on important issues of the day. The Omaha Daily Bee, Tuesday December 23 1890
  • PhotosPhotos Historians also look at photos to... look at hair and clothing styles. examine details about people, places, objects, and events. look at a record of a specific moment in time. Unknown Union Soldier and Family
  • ObjectsObjects Historians also look at objects that people used during a specific period of time to learn more about peoples life and interests. Doll made of corn husks around late 1800’s Medical tools used during the Civil War 1863
  • Oral Histories (Interviews)Oral Histories (Interviews) Some historians are able to use interviews that people have recorded in either audio or video format to learn about a historical event or person.
  • First Hand (The person or item was there). It is a lets us see what life was like during a period of time. What are some of the important characteristics of something that is a Primary Source?
  • Historical Documents What are some examples of Primary Sources? Newspapers Photos Objects Journals, Diaries, Letters
  • Quiz Time: Identify these as being PrimaryQuiz Time: Identify these as being Primary or Secondary Sourcesor Secondary Sources 1. You read a biography of Alexander Graham Bell written by Edwin S. Grosvenor. Is this a Primary or Secondary Source? 2. You find from the National Archives Albert Einstein’s immigration record when he immigrated to the United States. Is this a Primary or Secondary Source? 3. You are looking at this photo of a 1945 High School Football team to see how the sport has changed. Is this a Primary or Secondary Source? 4. To learn more about World War II, you watch the PBS Documentary titled THE WAR. Is this a Primary or Secondary Source? 5. To learn more about the Gold Miners in California, you read this 1850 letter written by Alexander Barringer. Is this a Primary or Secondary Source? 1 2 3 4 5
  • Quiz Time: Identify these as being PrimaryQuiz Time: Identify these as being Primary or Secondary Sourcesor Secondary Sources 1. You read a biography of Alexander Graham Bell written by Edwin S. Grosvenor. 2. You find from the National Archives Albert Einstein’s immigration record when he immigrated to the United States. 3. You are looking at this photo of a 1945 High School Football team to see how the sport has changed. 4. To learn more about World War II, you watch the PBS Documentary titled THE WAR. 5. To learn more about the Gold Miners in California, you read this 1850 letter written by Barringer. 1 2 3 4 5 Secondary Source Primary Source Primary Source Secondary Source Primary Source