Management Information System
Managing Digital Firm
DATA DRIVEN SCHOOL
Md. Moshiur Rahman
Institute of Information Technology, University Of
About USA schools
Problems with existing systems
Effects of the problems on Students
Idea of Data Driven School
Case Study Question
DDS : Perspective of Bangladesh.
Data Acquisition have included:
Guidance information (student placement and behavioral records).
Data on, and observation of, teacher personnel.
Community survey data.
Master schedule and calendar information.
we have come to define the phase schools generally move into after
Data Acquisition as Data Reflection. In this phase:
stakeholders work to make sense of the data that has been collected
in order to develop specific goals for improving teaching and
Program Alignment , Program Design
We define Program Alignment as the process of taking conclusions
from the Data Reflection phase and setting students up for success by
making sure that state and local standards, school curriculum,
classroom teaching, and all testing are focused on the same results.
Program Design to bridge the gaps that became evident in the
process of pursuing Program Alignment by creating changes in :
And other parts of the school that they found to be out of line with
the aims of school improvement.
Formative Feedback And Test Preparation
After base line data has been collected and examined,
and once school improvement is under way, the next
phase of model is Formative Feedback.
1. on-going evaluation
2. elevating teaching
3. learning to the next level
The Test Preparation phase is where schools synthesize
the knowledge and practices gained through use of a
DDIS into improved student performance.
Unified Public Schools (which has 23,000 students, 45 percent of whom are eligible for free or
reduced lunch) created a student information management system. The information system
currently helps the district address two important issues:
It provides quick and tailored responses to building and staff requests for student
and it enables teachers to design classroom instruction that accounts for the needs of
individual students on the basis of their reading, writing, and numeric proficiencies.
The district can monitor transience more efficiently and meet the needs of students who move
among district schools within the year.
They provide a ID for each student. The ID tracks students through the school system. Each
record contains student and parental background, coded as variables, as well as information
about attendance, scheduling, grades, and disciplinary action.
At the classroom level, teachers have direct access to individual student data through student
The help of software consultants, the district ensures the informed use of student quantitative
records by training teachers for the different assessments.
Case Study Question
1.Identify and describe the problem discussed in the case?
This case is all about the alarming school performances of students in United States because of
their poorly structured educational system. So the use of Information System, specifically the
use of data-driven decision support system helped the government and the school to increase
the level of students performances.
2. How do data-driven DSS provide a solution to this problem? What are the inputs and
outputs of the system?
Data-Driven DSSs include knowledge based systems. A properly
designed DSS is an interactive software based system intended to help decision
makers compile useful information from a combination of raw data,
documents, personal knowledge, or business models to identify and solve
problems and make decisions. Students’ exams, quizzes and or other forms of
students’ evaluation serves as the input. DSS then provide computerized and
systematic decisions about students’ performances and that will serve as the
output of the system.
3.What people, organization, and technology issues must be addressed by this solution?
Policy decisions lay the groundwork for educational practice. Data driven
policies can have a powerful impact on needs assessment and
planning processes, professional development, resource allocation,
and teacher evaluation. Schools that model effective data use
determine overall school needs through data drawn from multiple sources.
Student performance data are used to drive the school- and districtimprovement planning process.
4.How successful is this solution? Explain your answer.
The solution went very good, so far. The 139,000-student district, one of the nation's largest,
says the strategy has helped it nearly close an achievement gap between white and minority
students in the early grades
DDS: Perspective of Bangladesh
Morning-Shift and Day-Shift problem.
Class Schedule design.
Creating Question based Examination.
University selection for Student.
Kenneth C. Laudon, Jane Price Laudon, Management Information Systems:
Managing The Digital Firms 12/e, Pearson Education