Michael Schindhelm. Best Public Spaces

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Michael Schindhelm. Best Public Spaces

  1. 1. Best Public Spacesby Michael SchindhelmMoscow Urban Forum 2011
  2. 2. WHAT IS PUBLIC SPACE?A public space or a public place is a place where anyone has a right to comewithout being excluded because of economic or social conditions.Webster dictionaryPublic spaces are structures like pedestrian streets with outer protectiveconstructions, squares, pedestrian zones, galleries, passages, atriums, etc.and also parts of constructions and buildings, designated for use only bygeneral public.Town Planning Code of MoscowPublic space comes to represent the public sphere and public life,“a forum, a group action, school for social learning and common ground”.Brill
  3. 3. WHAT IS PUBLIC SPACE?What is the city but the people?William Shakespeare, Coriolanus
  4. 4. WHAT IS PUBLIC SPACE?Public space is an enabler of social communications and comprehension.
  5. 5. CRITERIA FOR A SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC SPACEdiverse stewardship voluntarism evening use street life cooperative neighbourly pride friendly interactivewelcoming continuity proximity connected readable walkable convenient accessible traffic data mode splitstransit usage parking usage patterns safe clean green walkable sittable spiritual charming attractive historiccrime statistics sanitation rating building conditions environmental data fun active vital special real useful safetyindigenous celebratory sustainable local business ownership land-use patterns property values retail salesdiverse stewardship voluntarism evening use street life cooperative neighbourly pride friendly interactivewelcoming continuity proximity connected readable walkable convenient accessible traffic data mode splitstransit usage parking usage patterns safe clean green walkable sittable spiritual charming attractive historiccrime statistics sanitation rating building conditions environmental data fun active vital special real useful accessibilityindigenous celebratory sustainable local business ownership land-use patterns property values retail sales contentdiverse stewardship voluntarism evening use street life cooperative neighbourly pride friendly interactive PUBLICwelcoming continuity proximity connected readable walkable convenient accessible traffic data mode splits SPACEtransit usage parking usage patterns safe clean green walkable sittable spiritual charming attractive historiccrime statistics sanitation rating building conditions environmental data fun active vital special real usefulindigenous celebratory sustainable local business ownership land-use patterns property values retail salesdiverse stewardship voluntarism evening use street life cooperative neighbourly pride friendly interactivewelcoming continuity proximity connected readable walkable convenient accessible traffic data mode splits designtransit usage parking usage patterns safe clean green walkable sittable spiritual charming attractive historic comfortcrime statistics sanitation rating building conditions environmental data fun active vital special real usefulindigenous celebratory sustainable local business ownership land-use patterns property values retail salesdiverse stewardship voluntarism evening use street life cooperative neighbourly pride friendly interactivewelcoming continuity proximity connected readable walkable ownership connected readable walkable use
  6. 6. PUBLIC SPACE TYPES new creation PUBLIC SPACE intervention redeveloped
  7. 7. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creation
  8. 8. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creationFacts and FiguresProperty Size: 26,444 sq.m Gross Floor Area: Approx. 132,500 sq. mCompletion: June 2000Architects: Murphy & Jahn, Chicago     OfficesOffice Building Kemperplatz 21,000 sq.m // Office Tower at Potsdamer Platz 23,000 sq.m // Office Building at thePhilharmonic 14,000 sq.m // Office Building at the Forum, Bellevuestrasse 10,000 sq. MApartments Condominiums Esplanade Residence (134 apartments ranging 60 sq. m to 227 sq. m in size)  13,000 sq.mRental Forum Apartments (67 apartments ranging 37 sq. m to 145 sq. m in size) 5.200 sq.m  Filmhaus   Freunde der Deutschen Kinemathek e. V., Arsenal Kino, Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek, Filmmuseum,Fernsehmuseum, Marlene Dietrich Collection, Deutsche Film- und Fernsehakademie Berlin (dffb)    16,700 sq.mEntertainment  CineStar IMAX 3D / CineStar Original with 8 screens    11,100 sq.m LEGOLAND®Discovery Centre 3,500 sq.m  Gastronomic Facilities Kaisersaal, Josty Café, Lindenbräu, Billy Wilder’s, Alex Café, Corroboree,Dunkin’ Donuts 7,300 sq.m  Number of Visitors: Up to 8 million annually, average duration of stay 90 min. 
  9. 9. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creation
  10. 10. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creation
  11. 11. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creationDeutsche Kinemathek
  12. 12. BERLIN, SONY CENTRE AT POTSDAMER PLATZ, new creation Legoland Discovery CenterFans of these colorful bricks experience about two hours of interactive fun on 3.500 square meters in total. Familyfun with 14 attractions underneath one roof! On their trip through the LEGO® World visitors themselves becomepart of the film for a while. Furtermore the LEGO Factory, the Dragon Dungeon and many others offer excitingentertainment.At the end of the visit of the big indoor world it is guaranteed that everyone has become a LEGO model builder,because it is allowed to build and play everywhere. 
  13. 13. HAMBURG HAFENCITY, redevelopment
  14. 14. HAMBURG HAFENCITY, redevelopment Facts & Figures Selected events•Total area: 157 hectares (ha) •„Summer on the Magellan Terraces“: readings, tango performances (since 2005)•Land area: 126 ha •subvision – off-art-festival (2009)•Gross floor area (GFA): new building circa 2.32 million sq. m •Harbour front literary festival (since 2009)•5,800 homes and more than 45,000 jobs •Elbjazz music festival (since 2010) will be created  •Regular design market (since 2010)•Expansion of Hamburg City by 40 % •Performances with in the framework of the•10.5 km of new waterfront Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival with promenades and squares •Prototyp automobile museum•Around 27 ha public parks, squares and promenades•Currently 45 projects are completed; another 35 underconstruction or planned (July 2011)•Over 1 million sq. m GFA already confirmed through sales of land or exclusive options with planning obligations•Previous to sale, approx. 99 % of sites suitable forconstruction are publicly owned ("Stadt und Hafen"special fund under public law represented by HafenCityHamburg GmbH)•Investment volume: private investment approx. € 7billion; public investment: circa € 2 billion, primarilyfinanced out of sales of land in HafenCity
  15. 15. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PROJECT
  16. 16. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: ARTS & CULTUREInternational Maritime Museum Hamburg
  17. 17. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: ARTS & CULTUREInternational Maritime Museum Hamburg
  18. 18. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: ARTS & CULTUREElbphilharmonie Concert Hall
  19. 19. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: ARTS & CULTURE
  20. 20. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  21. 21. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  22. 22. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  23. 23. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  24. 24. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  25. 25. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  26. 26. HAMBURG HAFENCITY: PUBLIC SPACES
  27. 27. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON, redevelopment
  28. 28. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON, redevelopment Facts• The area has subsequently undergone redevelopment andBermondsey Square now contains apartments, offices, aboutique hotel, restaurants and an independent cinema. Thearea was named as South Londons coolest quarter in Voguesannual Secret Address Book.• Bermondsey Market is an antiques market located atBermondsey Square, which operates every Friday.
  29. 29. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  30. 30. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  31. 31. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  32. 32. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  33. 33. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  34. 34. BERMONDSEY SQUARE LONDON
  35. 35. PARIS PLAGE, intervention
  36. 36. PARIS PLAGE, intervention Facts• Paris-Plages ("Paris Beaches"; till 2006 Paris-Plage in the singular) is a plan run by theoffice of the mayor of Paris that creates temporary artificial beaches each summer along theriver Seine in the centre of Paris.• Every July and August, roadways on the banks of the river are blocked off and hostvarious activities, including sandy beaches and palm trees• The Paris-Plages scheme was instigated in 2002 by Bertrand Delanoë, the newly-electedSocialist Party mayor.• Initially there was a single beach on the Rive Droite. In 2006 a second beach was addedon the Rive Gauche, and the schemes name changed from singular to plural.• The scheme has proven a major success; the number of visitors has grown each year andtopped four million in 2007. Every season, new features are added. These include a shuttleferry linking the two riverbanks, a floating swimming pool, and another beach area at LaVillette, in the northeast corner of the city.
  37. 37. PARIS PLAGE
  38. 38. PARIS PLAGE
  39. 39. PARIS PLAGE
  40. 40. PARIS PLAGE
  41. 41. FACTS ABOUT MOSCOW PUBLIS SPACES
  42. 42. 80% OF MOSCOW TERRITORY WAS FORMED DURING THE XXc
  43. 43. MOSCOW. TRANSITION FROM PUBLIC TO PRIVATE
  44. 44. 45
  45. 45. Seagram Building, New York the rise of P.O.P.S.Mies van der Rohe, 1969 privately owned public spaces (http://www.eikongraphia.com/) (http://nyc.gov/dcp/)
  46. 46. MOSCOW IS ONE OF THE GREENEST CITIES IN THE WORLD 109 100 ha Total territory of Moscow 41% Of Moscow territory is green
  47. 47. MORE THAN 30 MINUTES A DAY THE AVERAGE MUSCOVITE SPENDS IN GREEN PUBLIC SPACESource: Rosstat, 2010
  48. 48. SOCIAL PORTRAIT OF MUSCOVITES. Total population Moscow: 11 514 300 peop.Source: Demographic Yearbook of Russia 2010 by Federal State Statistic Service (Rosstat)
  49. 49. OFFICIAL AND INDEPENDENT STATISTICS ON ETHNICAL COMPOSITION OF MUSCOVITES 51
  50. 50. SELF-PERCEPTION OF MUSCOVITES. RELIGION
  51. 51. 83% OF MUSCOVITES NAME THEMSELVES ORTHODOX
  52. 52. NEW INITIATIVES IN MOSCOW TO IMPROVE PUBLIC SPACES— DEVELOPMENT:>StrelkaAt its campus in Moscow, Strelka brings togetherarchitects, intellectuals, designers and mediaprofessionals in a relationship of creativeinterdisciplinarity. Each year, the institute’sresearchers explore a selection of subjects ofparticular importance to Russian life – from thepreservation of cities and the dispersal ofpopulations to the future of energy and public space.
  53. 53. NEW INITIATIVES IN MOSCOW TO IMPROVE PUBLIC SPACES— CITIZENS:Public Movement "Arhnadzor" - a voluntary non-profitassociation of citizens who wish to contribute to thepreservation of historical monuments, landscapes andviews of the city of Moscow.

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