Morphology And Syntax (Summary)

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This is a short summary about morphology and syntax created by Edward Yarlesis and Homer for Framomo.

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Morphology And Syntax (Summary)

  1. 1. Morphology and Syntax (summary) By: Flórez Caraballo Homer Arley Mosquera Romaña Yarlesis Hidalgo Murillo Edward R.
  2. 2. Content: <ul><li>A. MORPHOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS MORPHOLOGY? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT ARE MORPHEMES? </li></ul><ul><li>BOUND AND FREE MORPHEMES </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENT KINDS OF MORPHEMES </li></ul><ul><li>B. SYNTAX </li></ul><ul><li>1. WHAT IS SYNTAX? </li></ul><ul><li>2. BASIC ELEMENTS OF THE SENTENCE </li></ul><ul><li>3. PARTS OF SPEECH: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF WORDS? </li></ul><ul><li>a. Verb b. N oun </li></ul><ul><li>c. Pronoun d. Adjective </li></ul><ul><li>d. Adverb e. Preposition </li></ul><ul><li>f. Conjunction g. Interjection </li></ul>
  3. 3. Morphology: <ul><li>What is morphology? </li></ul><ul><li>Morphology is the study of word structure. When linguists study morphology, they are interested in the different categories of morphemes that make up words as well as morphological processes for forming new words. </li></ul><ul><li>What are morphemes? </li></ul><ul><li>Morphemes are the smallest meaningful pieces of language that make up words. Words may consist of one or more morphemes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Different kinds of morphemes: <ul><li>Bound and Free Morphemes: </li></ul><ul><li>Bound: A bound morpheme is a morpheme that cannot stand alone as an independent word, but must be attached to another morpheme/word. E.g: ship MENT : police intercepted a shipment of arms. A Symmetrical: my ruler is asymmetrical. </li></ul><ul><li>Free: A free morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as an independent word (e.g. ‘Car, church, Person, House'). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Syntax: <ul><li>What is syntax: </li></ul><ul><li>In linguistics , syntax is the study of the principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages . Syntax is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language. While morphology looks at how the smallest linguistic unit (called morphemes) are formed into complete words, syntax looks at how those words are formed into complete sentences. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Basic elements of the sentence. <ul><li>Subject + Predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject: </li></ul><ul><li>The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb. Ask the question, &quot;Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?&quot; and the answer to that question is the subject. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Basic elements of the sentence. <ul><li>Predicate: </li></ul><ul><li>A predicate is the completer of a sentence. The subject names the &quot;do-er&quot; or &quot;be-er“ of the sentence; the predicate does the rest of the work. A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb: </li></ul><ul><li>- The glacier melted. </li></ul><ul><li>- The glacier has been melting. </li></ul><ul><li>- The glacier melted, broke apart, and slipped into the sea. </li></ul>

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