Morphology is the study of word structure. When linguists study morphology, they are interested in the different categories of morphemes that make up words as well as morphological processes for forming new words.
What are morphemes?
Morphemes are the smallest meaningful pieces of language that make up words. Words may consist of one or more morphemes.
Bound: A bound morpheme is a morpheme that cannot stand alone as an independent word, but must be attached to another morpheme/word. E.g: ship MENT : police intercepted a shipment of arms. A Symmetrical: my ruler is asymmetrical.
Free: A free morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as an independent word (e.g. ‘Car, church, Person, House').
In linguistics , syntax is the study of the principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages . Syntax is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language. While morphology looks at how the smallest linguistic unit (called morphemes) are formed into complete words, syntax looks at how those words are formed into complete sentences.
The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb. Ask the question, "Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?" and the answer to that question is the subject.
A predicate is the completer of a sentence. The subject names the "do-er" or "be-er“ of the sentence; the predicate does the rest of the work. A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb:
- The glacier melted.
- The glacier has been melting.
- The glacier melted, broke apart, and slipped into the sea.