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Pronunciation
Spelling
b, c, d, f, g, h,
j, k, l, m, n, p,
q, r, s, t, v, w,
x, y, z
a, e, i, o, u
Letters Sounds
Vowels
Consonants
How should we pronounce a written word?
How should we spell a sound stream?
Phoneme (sounds,
phonemic symbols)
Syllable
Stress
Intonation
Tone
Tone-unit
Rhythm
Linking
Elision
Assimilation …
Phoneme...
Short
Schwa
Long
Diphthongs
Thriphthongs?
Vowels Consonants
Syllables
Strong
Weak
Schwa
Syllabic consonants
Weak syllables
Vowel tends to be shorter!
1. ə/i/u + NO coda – end of the word;
2. ə + coda - in word-final position;
3. ə...
Strong syllables
Never have schwa!
1. Long vowel/diphthong/triphthong
2. Any vowel + coda
Stress placement
1. Affixes?
2. Grammatical category?
3. Syllables?
4. Phonological structure of the syllables?
Noun
Verb, adj., prep., adv.
2-syllable words
1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (short vowel)
2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (long vowel/diphthong)...
Noun, adj.
Verb
3-syllable words
1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) [3rd S] (weak/- əʊ)
2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong) [3rd S] (weak...
Complex words
1. Basic word form + affix
2. Compound words
Suffixes carrying primary stress themselves
Suffixes that do no affect stress placement
Suffixes that influence stress in the stem
Compound words
1. Written as one word;
2. Separated by a hyphen;
3. Separated by a space.
Compound nouns
Compounds in which the first element is a
number in some form
Compounds functioning as adverbs
Compounds which function as verbs and have
an adverbial first element
Compounds with an adj. first element and the
–ed mor...
Variable stress
Word-class pairs
Phonics
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Phonics

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Transcript of "Phonics"

  1. 1. Pronunciation Spelling
  2. 2. b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z a, e, i, o, u Letters Sounds Vowels Consonants
  3. 3. How should we pronounce a written word? How should we spell a sound stream?
  4. 4. Phoneme (sounds, phonemic symbols) Syllable Stress Intonation Tone Tone-unit Rhythm Linking Elision Assimilation … Phoneme (alphabet, digraphs, letter blends, compound structures) Affixes Grammatical Category Syllabication Stress …
  5. 5. Short Schwa Long Diphthongs Thriphthongs? Vowels Consonants
  6. 6. Syllables Strong Weak Schwa Syllabic consonants
  7. 7. Weak syllables Vowel tends to be shorter! 1. ə/i/u + NO coda – end of the word; 2. ə + coda - in word-final position; 3. ə/i/u + NO coda – inside a word; 4. i + NO coda – the following syllable begins with a consonant;
  8. 8. Strong syllables Never have schwa! 1. Long vowel/diphthong/triphthong 2. Any vowel + coda
  9. 9. Stress placement 1. Affixes? 2. Grammatical category? 3. Syllables? 4. Phonological structure of the syllables?
  10. 10. Noun Verb, adj., prep., adv. 2-syllable words 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (short vowel) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (long vowel/diphthong) 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong)
  11. 11. Noun, adj. Verb 3-syllable words 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) [3rd S] (weak/- əʊ) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong) [3rd S] (weak/- əʊ) 3. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] [3rd S] (strong) 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) [3rd S] (weak) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong) [3rd S] (weak) 3. [1st S] [2nd S] ‘[3rd S] (strong)
  12. 12. Complex words 1. Basic word form + affix 2. Compound words
  13. 13. Suffixes carrying primary stress themselves
  14. 14. Suffixes that do no affect stress placement
  15. 15. Suffixes that influence stress in the stem
  16. 16. Compound words 1. Written as one word; 2. Separated by a hyphen; 3. Separated by a space.
  17. 17. Compound nouns
  18. 18. Compounds in which the first element is a number in some form Compounds functioning as adverbs
  19. 19. Compounds which function as verbs and have an adverbial first element Compounds with an adj. first element and the –ed morpheme at the end
  20. 20. Variable stress Word-class pairs
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