Phonics
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Phonics

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    Phonics Phonics Presentation Transcript

    • Pronunciation Spelling
    • b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z a, e, i, o, u Letters Sounds Vowels Consonants
    • How should we pronounce a written word? How should we spell a sound stream?
    • Phoneme (sounds, phonemic symbols) Syllable Stress Intonation Tone Tone-unit Rhythm Linking Elision Assimilation … Phoneme (alphabet, digraphs, letter blends, compound structures) Affixes Grammatical Category Syllabication Stress …
    • Short Schwa Long Diphthongs Thriphthongs? Vowels Consonants
    • Syllables Strong Weak Schwa Syllabic consonants
    • Weak syllables Vowel tends to be shorter! 1. ə/i/u + NO coda – end of the word; 2. ə + coda - in word-final position; 3. ə/i/u + NO coda – inside a word; 4. i + NO coda – the following syllable begins with a consonant;
    • Strong syllables Never have schwa! 1. Long vowel/diphthong/triphthong 2. Any vowel + coda
    • Stress placement 1. Affixes? 2. Grammatical category? 3. Syllables? 4. Phonological structure of the syllables?
    • Noun Verb, adj., prep., adv. 2-syllable words 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (short vowel) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (long vowel/diphthong) 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong)
    • Noun, adj. Verb 3-syllable words 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) [3rd S] (weak/- əʊ) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong) [3rd S] (weak/- əʊ) 3. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] [3rd S] (strong) 1. ‘[1st S] [2nd S] (weak) [3rd S] (weak) 2. [1st S] ‘[2nd S] (strong) [3rd S] (weak) 3. [1st S] [2nd S] ‘[3rd S] (strong)
    • Complex words 1. Basic word form + affix 2. Compound words
    • Suffixes carrying primary stress themselves
    • Suffixes that do no affect stress placement
    • Suffixes that influence stress in the stem
    • Compound words 1. Written as one word; 2. Separated by a hyphen; 3. Separated by a space.
    • Compound nouns
    • Compounds in which the first element is a number in some form Compounds functioning as adverbs
    • Compounds which function as verbs and have an adverbial first element Compounds with an adj. first element and the –ed morpheme at the end
    • Variable stress Word-class pairs