European art 1945 1960

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Dankook University
Introduction to Modern Art and Society
Lecture VII: Postwar Europe, 1945-1960.

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European art 1945 1960

  1. 1. Dankook University Introduction to Modern Art and Society Prof. Simon Morley Lecture: Postwar European Art
  2. 2. • Postwar Austerity • Divided Europe – The Cold War • Existentialism • Abstract Art v Figurative Art
  3. 3. London 1945
  4. 4. Dresden, Germany, 1945
  5. 5. Auschwitz Nazi Death Camp. Poland.
  6. 6. Divided Berlin. Divided Germany
  7. 7. Existentialism – A philosophical theory and attitude to life concerned with the being in the world or existence of the free individual in an absurb or meaningless universe. Its most prominent spokesmen were Søren Kierkegaard (Danish, 1813-1855). Martin Heidegger (German, 1898-1976), and Jean-Paul Sartre (French, 1905-1980). Very influential on art of the post-World War Two period. absurd – Ridiculous or unreasonable: Also refers to the view that there is no order or value in human life or in the universe — human beings exist in a meaningless, irrational world, and lives have no purpose. During the 1940’s and 1950’s this concept became important in relation to contemporary art. ‘The painting expressed a vision of life as absurd’.
  8. 8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAMCZKDgL04 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAMCZKDgL04
  9. 9. Samuel Beckett http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCAnZxUy6Qc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tU29RhKTR_M
  10. 10. Existentialism and popular culture: ‘Funny Face’ (1957) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JGCktc_FXU
  11. 11. Picasso, Massacre in Korea, 1950.
  12. 12. Renato Guttuso
  13. 13. Soviet Art
  14. 14. Left: Wols Right: Francis Gruber
  15. 15. Jean Fautrier
  16. 16. Jean Dubuffet
  17. 17. Alberto Giacometti
  18. 18. Alberto Giacometti http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QS0PzOwfmHo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5dGglNTuYSw
  19. 19. Francis Bacon
  20. 20. Francis Bacon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nFgYi8ycdw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoFMH_D6xLk
  21. 21. Henry Moore
  22. 22. Henry Moore http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BZAde-PBoD8
  23. 23. Wols
  24. 24. Pierre Soulages
  25. 25. Hans Hartung
  26. 26. Riopelle
  27. 27. Nicholas de Stael
  28. 28. Georges Mathieu
  29. 29. Patrick Heron
  30. 30. Peter Lanyon

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