Dankook lecture III: Expressionism


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Expressionism Lecture for Dankook University
Introduction to Modern Art and Culture Course.

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Dankook lecture III: Expressionism

  1. 1. Introduction to Modern Art and Culture Lecture III Fauvism and Expressionism
  2. 2. expression – Emotions as shown through bodily gesture; the communication (in visual image, speech or writing) of beliefs or opinions. The verb form is, to express. ‘He expressed himself clearly.’
  3. 3. • Claude Monet, Haystacks, 1890’s • Impressionism
  4. 4. Georges Seurat, Can-Can, 1889-90 Neo-Impressionism
  5. 5. Paul Cezanne, Grand Bathers, 18898-1905 Post-Impressionism
  6. 6. Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889 Post-impressionism
  7. 7. Van Gogh, The Sower, 1888
  8. 8. Japanese print by Hiroshige and Van Gogh painting
  9. 9. The Artist Bedroom, 1889
  10. 10. Van Gogh, Church at Anvers, 1890
  11. 11. Paul Gauguin, Self-Portrait, 1890 Post-impressionism
  12. 12. Gauguin, Vision of the Sermon of the Mount, 1888
  13. 13. Gauguin, 1892
  14. 14. Gauguin, Nevermore http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQu1RMIkg3c
  15. 15. Tahitian Scuplture of Fertility God
  16. 16. Douanier Rousseau, Sleeping Gipsy, 1897
  17. 17. Rousseau, 1891
  18. 18. authentic - Being genuine; original; the real thing. Having a claimed and verifiable origin or authorship; not counterfeit or copied. creative – having the ability or power to produce with originality or novelty and expressive power. He was an extremely creative person. creativity – The capacity or power to create. Productivity with originality or novelty and expression; imagination; newness. This typically requires being comfortable with making mistakes and not being in fully conscious control of what one is doing. Her work showed great creativity. free-play – Improvisation in thought and action. ‘The tutor encouraged the students to explore the free-play of their imaginations.’ improvisation – a presentation made without planning, or a spontaneous creative act. ‘The tutor encouraged improvisation as a way of image-making.’ intuition - The act or faculty of knowing or sensing without the use of rational processes; immediate cognition. It is often related to unconscious thought processes. In the studying, making and appreciation of art, intuition is a vital but little understood factor. ‘She used her intuition while planning her work’ irrational – without the faculty of reason; deprived of reason; magic – Various beliefs often related to religion which hold that human life is controlled by non- material forces, and that it is possible through the performance of special rituals to channel these forces in order to influence thoughts, behaviour and events in the past, present and future.
  19. 19. sensuality - Excessive devotion to delights of thesenses—physical, especially sexual gratification rather than spiritual or intellectual pleasures; worldliness. spiritual - Describing a non- material and transcendent reality that is often related to religious practice, and which is usually considered to be of more significance than material reality. Many artists, especially those pursuing abstraction, have been concerned with this dimension to existence. subjectivity - Expression of the individuality or personal point of view of someone. ‘The work communicated a powerful feeling of the subjectivity of the artist.’
  20. 20. Primitivism - In general, a belief in the value of what is simple and unsophisticated. In art, it refers to a broad movement away from traditions associated with Western classicism at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. This was motivated by the wish to criticize the negative impact of modernization on life in the developed world, and reflects a desire to return to the values expressed by societies before industrialization. A particular point of reference were the artifacts produced by non-Western cultures that were being encountered through colonization, such as in Africa and the South Pacific. Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstract art often display the characteristics of primitivism, by emphasizing intuition, expression, emotionalism, the irrational, the spiritual, and the subjective. Works appeared by conventional standards to be to be unfinished, distorted, gestural, and to use unnaturalisticcolours. Today, the term is considered to depend on a Eurocentric world-view, and is therefore used only to refer to a tendency in Western culture during a specific historical period.
  21. 21. Expressionism • 1. French Expressionism
  22. 22. Fauvism - The name Fauves, French for "Wild Beasts," was given to artists working in this style because it was felt that they used strong non- naturalistic colours in a violent, uncontrolled way. Important Fauves were Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954) and André Derain (French, 1880- 1954).
  23. 23. Henri Matisse, Joy of Living, 1906
  24. 24. Henri Matisse, Bathers, 1905
  25. 25. Henri Matisse, Fauvist painting, 1905
  26. 26. Henri Matisse, Portrait of Mrs. Matisse, 1906
  27. 27. Henri Matisse, The Red Room
  28. 28. André Derain, Fauvist Landscape, 1905
  29. 29. André Derain, Fauvist landscape, 1906
  30. 30. Expressionism • 2. Northern European Expressionism
  31. 31. Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893
  32. 32. Edvard Munch
  33. 33. Munch paintings
  34. 34. Die Bruckeor Die Brückeor The Bridge - A group of German Expressionist artists based in Dresden and Berlin between 1905 and 1913, mostly painters. They painted landscapes, nudes, and carnival performers in strong colors and broad forms. Die Brücke artists include Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938), Erich Heckel (1883-1970), and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976), and Emil Nolde (1867-1956), Oscar Kokoschka (Austrian, 1886-1980)
  35. 35. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, The Street, 1907
  36. 36. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Left: Berlin Street scene, 1908 Right: Self-Portrait as a Soldier, 1915
  37. 37. Kirchner, Berlin Street Scene
  38. 38. African Tribal Masks
  39. 39. Emile Nolder, Masks, 1910
  40. 40. Emile Nolde Left: Dance of the Golden calf, 1910 Right: Crucifixion, 1912
  41. 41. • Other German Expressionists
  42. 42. Oscar Kokoschka, The Tempest, 1913-1914
  43. 43. Max Beckmann, Self Portraits
  44. 44. Max Beckmann, The Night, 1919 http://www.moma.org/audio_file/audio_file/3174/610.mp3
  45. 45. George Grosz, The City, 1917
  46. 46. DerBlaue Reiter – Meaning ‘The Blue Rider’ in German; a group of artists based in Munich from 1911 to 1914, mostly expressionist painters. Some of the important members of the group were Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944), Alexei Jawlensky (Russian, 1864-1941;), Gabrielle Münter (1877-1962), Franz Marc (1880-1916), Paul Klee (1879-1940), and August Macke (1887-1914).
  47. 47. Franz Marc,. Yellow Cow, 1912
  48. 48. Franz Marc, Animals Fate, 1913
  49. 49. Wassily Kandinsky, Street Scene, Murmau, 1908
  50. 50. Kandinsky, Cossacks, 1910-11
  51. 51. Kandinsky, Abstract Composition, 1912
  52. 52. Korean Tiger Painting. Left – academic. Right - folk Korean Folk Painting
  53. 53. German Expressionist film http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJR9dRgJe 3k