Ch.13 part 4 liniment, collodion, glycerite

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embrocation, liniment, collodion, pyroxillin, glycerite, starch glycerite, oleovitamin, scott's emulsion, toothache drops

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Ch.13 part 4 liniment, collodion, glycerite

  1. 1. CHAPTER 13SOLUTIONSPART 4LINIMENTS,COLLODIONS,GLYCERITES Prepared by: Asst. Prof. MA. LOURDES L. MOJARES, R. Ph.
  2. 2. LINIMENTS Formerly called EMBROCATIONS Are alcoholic or oleaginous solution or emulsion of various medicinal substances intended for external application to the skin, generally with rubbing. Must bear a label indicating “FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY” “ Not to be applied to broken skin”
  3. 3. TYPES OF LINIMENTS1. Alcoholic Liniments Used for its rubefacient property2. Oily Liniments Useful when massage is required3. Emulsion Liniment
  4. 4. TYPES OF LINIMENTSEXAMPLES:1. White Liniment, BPC (emulsion type)2. Camphor Liniment (emulsion type)3. Efficascent Oil (oily type)4. Omega Pain Killer (emulsion type)
  5. 5. LINIMENTS / EMBROCATIONS
  6. 6. COLLODIONS Ethereal solutions Are liquid preparations composed of PYROXILLIN (soluble gun cotton, collodion cotton) dissolved in a solvent mixture usually composed of alcohol and ether with or without added medicinal
  7. 7. COLLODIONS Intended for external use only Applied to the skin with a fine camel’s hair brush or glass applicator Stored in a tight-closed container at a temperature not exceeding
  8. 8. GLASS APPLICATOR BOTTLE
  9. 9. Examples and Uses of CollodionsI. COLLODION, USP Useful in holding the edges of an incised wound together Has a disadvantage of being non-flexible
  10. 10. Examples and Uses of CollodionsII. FLEXIBLE COLLODION, USP Prepared by adding 2% camphor and 3% castor oilIII. SALICYLIC ACID COLLODION, USP A 10% salicylic acid in Flexible Collodion
  11. 11. GLYCERITES Are viscous solutions or mixtures of medicinal substances in NOT LESS THAN 50% by weight of GLYCERIN Used as a medicinal agent or as an aid in dissolving other drugs in water or alcohol. Starch Glycerite – pill excipient
  12. 12. GLYCERITESExamples:1. Starch glycerite - topical protective2. Tannic Acid glycerite - astringent3. Phenol glycerite
  13. 13. GLYCERITES FORMULATION COMPONENTS: 1. Glycerin – nlt 50% w/w 2. Purified water 3. Gelatin 4. Medicament (active ingredient)
  14. 14. OLEOVITAMINS Vitamins A and D, and in some preparations , Vitamin E, in fish liver oil Used as Antirachitic COD LIVER OIL (Oleovitamin A and D)
  15. 15. OLEOVITAMINS
  16. 16. TOOTHACHE DROPS Preparations used for the temporary relief of toothache Applied using a small pledget of cotton saturated with the product into the tooth cavity Contains clove oil and mixtures of phenol with camphor or creosote
  17. 17. TOOTHACHE DROPS

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