Chemical  Compounds In  Cells Outline
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Chemical Compounds In Cells Outline

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Chemical  Compounds In  Cells Outline Chemical Compounds In Cells Outline Document Transcript

  • I. Chemical Compounds in Cells A. Elements • An element is any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances. • The smallest unit of an element is an atom. • Example of an element is carbon. B. Compounds • A compound is two or more elements that are chemically combined. • The smallest unit of a compound is a molecule. • An example of a compound is water. C. Organic and Inorganic Compounds • Inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. • Organic compounds contain carbon and hydrogen and usually are associated with living things. Four groups of Organic Compounds Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Made of the Made of the Made of the elements Made of the elements elements carbon, elements carbon, carbon, oxygen, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and hydrogen, and hydrogen, nitrogen,and hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen oxygen sulfur and phosphorus Supply energy for Store large Regulate cell processes Carry hereditary cell processes, amounts of and build cell information; used to form plant energy long term; structures make proteins structures; short- form boundaries term energy around cells storage Sugars-fruits, Fats, oils, waxes, Enzymes, skin, and DNA and RNA starch-pasta, and phospholipids, hair cellulose-found in and cholesterol cell walls of plants