U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay BOUNDARY DISPUTE
75 ° longitude 20 ° latitude
118 square kilometers
twelve miles long
five miles wide
19 TH Century
Cuba at war with Spain
October 1, 1898
Treaty of Paris
Commissioners from the United States and Spain met in Paris
the country of Cuba was then transferred to Washington D.C. from Madrid
This meant that the U.S. would release the rule of the country to the people of Cuba. Cuba must have an established government consisting of a constitution explaining the future relations between the two countries.
which decided that a piece of Cuban land was to be leased to the USA
Treaty of Reciprocity
revoking both the Platt Amendment and the 1903 Permanent Treaty, just keeping the provisions concerning Guantántamo
US bans soldiers to trespass on Cuban territory.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Dispute about the US stealing water from Cuba.
Cuba blocks water pipes to US Base
US used 14 million gallons of water sparingly until a pipeline from Jamaica was installed.
US government built their own desalination plants.
8 mile barrier Cuban troops planted cactuses along the Northeastern Section of the fence.
US plants 75,000 land mines in the no-mans-land.
President Clinton orders US to remove land mines.
Cuba did not remove their land mines.
$12 Million Wind Project
Completed in 2005 by the US Navy
Four wind turbines that supply up to 1/4 th of the base’s peak power needs
Cuts down on use of diesel fuel
US NAVAL BASE http://www.nsgtmo.navy.mil/
For the Past 25 years…
Guantántamo Bay is a detention base
1993 – Camp declared unconstitutional
Since 2002, Detainees are members of either Al Qaeda or the Taliban