Guantanamo Bay

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Guantanamo Bay

  1. 1. U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay BOUNDARY DISPUTE
  2. 2. Mathematical Location <ul><li>75 ° longitude 20 ° latitude </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>118 square kilometers </li></ul><ul><li>twelve miles long </li></ul><ul><li>five miles wide </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>19 TH Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba at war with Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October 1, 1898 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioners from the United States and Spain met in Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the country of Cuba was then transferred to Washington D.C. from Madrid </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1901 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This meant that the U.S. would release the rule of the country to the people of Cuba. Cuba must have an established government consisting of a constitution explaining the future relations between the two countries. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1903 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent Treaty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>which decided that a piece of Cuban land was to be leased to the USA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1934 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Reciprocity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>revoking both the Platt Amendment and the 1903 Permanent Treaty, just keeping the provisions concerning Guantántamo </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1959 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US bans soldiers to trespass on Cuban territory. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1962 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dispute about the US stealing water from Cuba. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$14,000 fee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba blocks water pipes to US Base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US used 14 million gallons of water sparingly until a pipeline from Jamaica was installed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US government built their own desalination plants. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>1961 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cactus Curtin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 mile barrier Cuban troops planted cactuses along the Northeastern Section of the fence. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Mines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US plants 75,000 land mines in the no-mans-land. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Clinton orders US to remove land mines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba did not remove their land mines. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>$12 Million Wind Project </li></ul><ul><li>Completed in 2005 by the US Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Four wind turbines that supply up to 1/4 th of the base’s peak power needs </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts down on use of diesel fuel </li></ul>
  10. 11. US NAVAL BASE http://www.nsgtmo.navy.mil/
  11. 15. For the Past 25 years… <ul><li>Guantántamo Bay is a detention base </li></ul><ul><li>1993 – Camp declared unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2002, Detainees are members of either Al Qaeda or the Taliban </li></ul>
  12. 16. 3 camps at Detainment Areas <ul><li>Camp Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Camp Iguana </li></ul><ul><li>Camp X-ray </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.articleuniversity.com/articles/more.php?recno=32 . Dec. 5, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Guantanamo_Bay_Naval_Base.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 02 Apr. 2007. <Reference.com http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Guantanamo_Bay_Naval_Base >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Guantántamo Bay,” Microsoft ® Encarta ® 98 Encyclopedia. © 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/guantanamo-bay.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cuba-solidarity.org.uk / cubasi_article.asp ? ArticleID =27 . Oct. 28, 2003 </li></ul>

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