It is critical to Guatemala’s advancement in the global knowledge economy to have a highly skilled and flexible workforce. Without a strong higher education system, Guatemala cannot hope to increase its innovation in critical areas such as economy, international property rights, research and development, agriculture, environmental policy and, of course, education. Specialized and highly educated students from Guatemala and abroad will be able to confront the challenges Guatemala faces in such areas as human rights violations, environmental destruction, gender inequality, nutrition,lack of infrastructure and lack of power in the global stage of commerce and trade. One way to innovate higher education is through international education exchange programs. Guatemala’s education system would benefit from a free flow of ideas, research, people, resources. Their economy and society would gain globally educated citizens able to meet the complex and global challenges of today’s world. But Guatemala has a many challenges to overcome in order to reach a higher level of education exchange:Currenlty 1,000 Guatemalans study in US each year and about 1,200 US citizens study in GuatemalaOnly 29% of Guatemalans enter high school and of those only 3.7% of the population begin college with very few actually completing a degree.Indigenous & rural populations are largely left out of educational opportunities and exchange
Malnurished children have an IQ that is 12 points less than the average child and diminished mental capacities– nutrition and family planning programs needs to be pursued to help support the overall educational improvement of the country, including the number of students who will be able to eventually complete higher education degrees in Guatemala and abroad and eventually add to the economy and innovation of the country. Improved and innovative communication policy (such as allowing non-profit/affordable/indigenous radio stations to obtain licenses) would support the spread educational programs that would in turn support improved nutrition, family planning practices and access to higher education.
-Increase outreach and educational programs to the Indigenous and rural populations-Government funding for indigenous and other disadvantaged groups to attend private high schools and receive proper English and counseling to guide through the educational process.-Partnerships between University of San Carlos will increase opportunities for exchange of students, faculty, research projects, degrees and ideas. Use of innovative new theoretical frameworks in international education, including programs, advising and outreach strategies that increase self-determined motivation and self-formation (Use of Innovative Int’l Education Theoretical frameworks
Lastly, the indigenous communities of Guatemala makes up over 60% of the nations population. This population should be valued, empowered and encouraged to participate in the innovation and knowledge creation that can be used to meet the social, political and economic challenges that Guatemala faces in today’s world. TACIT KNOWLEDGE
IC Guatemala Class Presentation
IC Guatemala:Developing Innovation Allison Dickinson, SharenaColletesse, Melissa Moreland and Nick Sabato
Migration, Family Planningand InnovativeCommunication in Guatemala
By the Numbers Maternal Mortality is 5x higher in rural versus urban areas Indigenous women, on average, have 1.4 more children than non-indigenous women Child mortality and malnutrition are 50% higher among rural, indigenous children Unmet contraceptive need is particularly high in rural areas (25.4%) and among indigenous women (29.6%), in comparison with urban areas (14.7%) and non-indigenous women (15.1%).
Case Study Main Factors:•Technology•Education•Cultural/Religious Practices
Innovation of Higher Education inGuatemala International Education Exchange ◦ Flow of ideas, people, resources 1,000 Guatemalans in US each year 1,200 US students in Guatemala each year
Higher Education Programs EducationUSA Guatemala ◦ Free unbiased information about applying to US institutions, scholarships InstitutoGuatemateco Americano ◦ English/Spanish Classes Exchanges ◦ Teacher Professional Development ◦ Cultural Events
Suggestions for Innovation Educational Outreach to lower attrition ◦ High School & College Counseling ◦ Nutritional programs in schools ◦ English preparation University Partnerships
Media Landscape Television and Radio dominate media landscape ◦ Owned primarily by a small group of families However, community radio is illegal ◦ Disables indigenous peoples from using radio to communicate important social issues
Policy UN Document, Agreement on identity and rights of indigenous peoples 1996 General Law of Communications ◦ Modeled after US FCC ◦ Liberalization of the spectrum ◦ TUF’s
Key Findings Multi-stakeholder, cross-national collaborations between sectors should be emphasized to achieve greater impact. More innovative channels of communication can be utilized to increase awareness of social services and education. Indigenous populations should be valued and empowered in society.