Un paso hacia los nuevos paradigmas de la educación

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  • 1. Teaching and Leading in the 21st Century: A New Paradigm of Knowledge Production Enseñando aprendiendo en el siglo XXI Un paso hacia los nuevos paradigmas de la educación John W Moravec University of Minnesota 12 Marzo 2007 www.educationfutures.com/taller
  • 2. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Overview (una visión general) Three driving factors of the New Paradigm (tres factores que lideran el Nuevo Paradigma) 1. Globalization (globalización) 2. Rise of the knowledge society (aumento del conocimiento de la sociedad) 3. Accelerating change (cambio acelerado)
  • 3. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Globalization (globalización) Oppositional dichotomies (dicotomías opuestas) • Local vs. global • Homogenization vs. heterogenization • Periphery vs. core (periferia vs. centro)
  • 4. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Rise of the knowledge society and the knowledge economy (aumento del conocimiento de la sociedad y de la economía) • Modes 1-3+ • Socially distributed knowledge (distribución social del conocimiento) • Academic capitalism in higher education (capitalismo académico en la educación universitaria) • Knowledge-producing institutions can no longer isolate themselves (instituciones productoras de conocimiento no pueden aislarse ellas mismas)
  • 5. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Accelerating change (acelerando el cambio) • Kurzweil’s Law of Accelerating Returns (ley del retorno acelerado) • Technological Singularity (singularidad tecnológica) • Enormous advances in genetics, nanotechnology and robotics coming soon (enormes avances en genética, nanotecnología y robótica están al llegar)
  • 6. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Accelerating change (acelerando el cambio) Time LevelofAdvancement J
  • 7. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! A New Paradigm (un Nuevo Paradigma) Paradigm Domain Old Emergent New Fundamental relationships Simple Complex Complex creative (teleological) Conceptualization of order Hierarchic Heterarchic Intentional, self- organizing Relationships of parts Mechanical Holographic Synergetic Worldview Deterministic Indeterminate Design Causality Linear Mutual Anticausal Change process Assembly Morphogenic Creative destruction Reality Objective Perspectival Contextual Place Local Globalizing Globalized Note. Old paradigm and emergent paradigm domains, from fundamental relationships to reality, adapted from Schwartz, P., & Ogilvy, J. A. (1979). The emergent paradigm: Changing patterns of thought and belief. SRI International.
  • 8. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! The problem in general (el problema general) The three driving trends of the New Paradigm are rarely explored together as a whole. (las tres tendencias que lideran el nuevo Paradigma raramente son exploradas conjuntamente) Leadership implications, consequences and policy actions may not be fully understood. (implicaciones, consecuencias y acciones políticas pueden no ser totalmente comprendidas)
  • 9. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! The problem in education (el problema en educación ) The three driving trends of the New Paradigm are rarely explored at all. (Las tres nuevas tendencias del nuevo Paradigma son raramente exploradas en ningún grado) Leadership implications, consequences and policy actions for education are not considered.
  • 10. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! What does this mean for learning? (¿Que significa esto para el aprendizaje?) • What should we learn? (qué se debería aprender?) • How should we learn it? (cómo se debería aprender?) • Should we learn rote facts for the sake of learning (Mode 1)? (se debería aprender memorizando por el mero hecho de aprender?) • Should we learn by solving problems (Mode 2)? (se debería aprender resolviendo problemas?) • Should we learn by creating personally- meaningful knowledge (Mode 3)? (se debería aprender creando conocimiento personalmente significativo?)
  • 11. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! What does this mean for teaching? (¿Qué significa esto en la enseñanza?) • Which century are we educating our children for? (para que siglo estamos ensenando a los ninos?) • What is the role of teachers in a rapidly changing, global, knowledge- based economy? (cuál es el rol de los maestros en una economía basado en el conocimiento que cambia rápidamente y de forma global?) • Who/what are the teachers of the future? (qué/quién son los maestros del futuro?) • What is the role of software? (cuál es el rol del software?)
  • 12. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! The praxis of futuring in education (la praxis del “futuroismo” en la educación) • Foster a culture of continuous innovation (promover una cultura de innovación continua) • Requires a new mindset (requiere una nueva perspectiva)
  • 13. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Leapfrog! Time LevelofAdvancement JJ’
  • 14. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Leapfrog? Time LevelofAdvancement JJ’ Edu
  • 15. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Hablemos! • Sugerencias? • Cuestiones? • Problemas? • Posibilidades? ¿Cuál es la mejor forma de avanzar?
  • 16. Overview New Paradigm Challenges Leapfrog! Links Global Leapfrog Education (journal) http://www.leapfroginstitute.org/gle Education Futures (blog) http://www.educationfutures.com