The Western Wall, also known as the Ha-Kotel, is the holiest of all of the Jewish sites in Jerusalem. The Wall was built by King Herod in 20 BC and took 11 years to build. It is located in the middle of the Old City. People from all over the world come to pray at the wall.
Dome of the Rock The Dome of the Rock is a famous Islamic site that is a Muslim shrine. It can be seen from all over Jerusalem. The Dome is built over a sacred stone. People believe that where the stone is located is the place from where the prophet Mohamed went up to heaven during his Night Journey to Heaven.
The Citadel is also known as the “Tower of David”. It is located south of Jaffa Gate, on the western side of the Old City, on the highest point of the southwestern hill of Jerusalem. It was King Herod’s place in the 1 st century. In the foundations of the Citadel, there are buried remains of forts from the end of the 8 th to 6 th centuries BCE through the early Arab period of the 7 th to 11 th centuries.
Jaffa Gate is one of eight gates in the Old City walls of Jerusalem. It is called Jaffa Gate because it is the main entrance to Jaffa Road and the Old City. It was built by Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman sultan, in 1538. Israeli forces were able to gain control of the gate during the Six Day War in 1967.
The Muslim Quarter is the largest of four quarters in the Old City of Jerusalem. There are only 60 Jewish families that live there today. The others are called the “Jewish Quarter”, the “Christian Quarter”, and the “Armenian Quarter”. The smallest Quarter is the Armenian.
Ben Yehuda Street is Jerusalem’s main and busy downtown shopping and commercial center. People walk on the pavers of the street. The street was named after Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, the founder of modern Hebrew.
Meah Sharim is one of the oldest neighborhoods in west Jerusalem. Meah Sharim was started in 1874, and was the second settlement outside the walls of the Old City. The people who live there are Orthodox Jews whose lives are those of very strict religious laws and practices. People that walk through Meah Sharim who do not dress modestly are sometimes stoned by the people who live there.
The Hurva Synagogue is a ruined synagogue on Hurva Square in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem. The word “hurva” means ruins. The construction of the synagogue began in 1700. It was destroyed by the Jordanian Arab Legion during the war of 1948. Israel has plans to rebuild it.