Title• Have a title for your essay and make it interesting and specific to your essay.• Here’s a typical academic one: The Book of Daniel: Multiple Perspectives of Prophecy
Introduction (w/thesis) Body Paragraph: The EssayExplain & Develop Ideas • An essay Body Paragraph: must have anExplain & Develop Ideas introductory Body Paragraph: paragraph,Explain & Develop Ideas several body Body Paragraph: paragraphs,Explain & Develop Ideas and a Conclusion conclusion.
Thesis The thesis is the main point that youmake in the essay
The Body Paragraph• A body paragraph contains approximately 10-15 sentences and has a topic sentence.• What is a topic sentence? – The key point that you make in the paragraph.
Basic Sentence Structure• This is the minimum required for a simple and complete sentence with no errors. 1. Subject 2. Verb 3. Complete thought
Spacing & Format• Indent 5 spaces to indicate a new paragraph.• Double space your essay.• Do not put extra spaces between paragraphs.• Put two spaces between sentences.
Specificity• If you are specific in your writing, your communication will be more clear and powerful.• Use details, examples, and precise language.
Avoid• Using the second person point of view (p.o.v.) “you.”• These phrases: I believe…, I think…, In my opinion…, I personally…, I myself personally believe that…• Writing like you speak
Avoid• Words such as: thing, a lot, basically, nice, just, something, would, like• Contractions: Use cannot (not can’t), I am (not I’m), I will (not I’ll), it is (not it’s)
Avoid• Directly addressing the reader Ex: You are going to learn about how (or I am going to tell you about how) after our family trip to Oregon, I realized how dysfunctional my family really is .Correction: After our family trip to Oregon, I realized how dysfunctional my family really is.
Avoid• Announcing your purpose and plan Ex: In this essay, I am going to discuss how MTV has had an enormous impact on the spending habits of young people. . Revised: MTV has had an enormous impact on the spending habits of young people.
Avoid• Abbreviations, and symbols: do not use & or L.A.• Using sentences from the prompt.• Assuming the reader knows the prompt or your topic.
Example prompt• What is one important goal you would like to achieve in the next few years? In your essay, identify that one goal and explain how you plan to achieve it. Use your personal observations, experience, and knowledge to support your essay.
Grading Symbols1. sp.=spelling error2. pr.=error in using a pronoun3. s/v=lack of agreement between the subject and the verb. Example: The student love poetry. Correction: The student loves poetry.
Grading Symbols4. frag.=sentence fragment, a part of a sentence punctuated as a sentence. – Example: Before leaving for work this morning. I drank a pot of coffee. – Correction: Before leaving for work this morning, I drank a pot of coffee.
Grading Symbols5. RO (run-on) or CS (comma splice)=two or more sentences incorrectly punctuated as one.Example: My cousin invited many of her friends, I did not know all the people who were running around preparing for the party. (CS)Correction: My cousin invited many of her friends, so I did not know all the people who were running around preparing for the party.Correction: My cousin invited many of her friends; therefore, I did not know all of the people who were running around preparing for the party.
Example: The James Brown concert was amazing I couldn’t believe a man of his age could dance and sing with such energy. (RO)Correction: The James Brown concert was amazing. I couldn’t believe a man of his age could dance and sing with such energy.
6. Mm= misplaced modifier. The modifier is not close enough to the word it is modifying. Example: The phone almost rang ten times. Correction: The phone rang almost ten times.
7. Dm=dangling modifier. There is no word to be modified.Example: Driving down the road, the dog was hit by the truck. (Who is driving?)Correction: The driver of the truck hit the dog.
8. vt=lack of verb tense consistency, unnecessarily switching from one tense to another.9. a=error in using an apostrophe10. c=error in using a comma11. cap.=make it a capital letter12. lc=make it a lower case letter
13. red.=unnecessary repetition.14. trans= insert a transition15. ¶ = create a new paragraph16. ^ = insert something that I specify17. | = separate (example: alot = a lot)18. ‿ = bring together19. q= error in using quotation marks
20. ww = wrong word. The word doesn’t make sense in the context. It probably means something other that what you think it does. Look up the word in the dictionary.21. fp = faulty parallel structure. Example: In the mountains, we went fishing, biking and walked. Correction: In the mountains, we went hiking, biking, and walking.
22. pass= passive voice. Example: Mistakes were made. Correction: The quarterback made mistakes.22. mw= missing word24. red. = redundancy, omit something that is unnecessarily repeated25. ?= After much effort and time, I cannot understand what you are trying to communicate.
Review these notes before you turn in your first assignment. Look at the grading symbols after you have received your first graded work.