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Best Practices In Moodle Administration

Best Practices In Moodle Administration



Best Practices In Moodle Administration

Best Practices In Moodle Administration



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    Best Practices In Moodle Administration Best Practices In Moodle Administration Presentation Transcript

    • Best Practices in Moodle Administration
        • Jonathan Moore
        • Vice President
        • Remote-Learner.net
    • Know What is Happening on Your Server
      • Monitoring: Cacti
        • SNMP monitoring
        • Round robin log storage
        • Simple GUO
      • Alerts and Notifications: Nagios
        • SNMP alert system
        • Have your servers page or text you!
    • Roles
      • Do not change built in roles
        • Remember reset defaults option
      • Know what level to apply roles at
        • Admin: global
        • Course Creator: global, or category
        • Student, Teacher: course
      • Know what level capabilities work at
      • Make new roles by copying most similar existing role
    • Easy performance optimizations
      • Run a PHP accelerator
        • eAccelerator and APC
        • up to 10x performance improvement
      • MySQL
        • Query caching
        • Increase buffer sizes
      • Set Server-> System Paths
      • Batch cron.php runs for multiple Moodles
    • A Better Way - Automation
      • Great combination: LDAP authentication with external database enrollment
      • External authentication
        • Automate account creation
          • LDAP/Active Directory and Database
      • Enrollment Plug ins
        • Automate course creation
        • Automate teacher assignment
        • Automate student enrollments
      • Synchronization scripts
    • Backups
      • Recommend against using the internal automated course backups due to performance issues.
      • Internal Moodle Backups not for disaster recovery
      • Elements of a Moodle Backup
        • Moodle software
        • Moodle data folder
        • SQL data
      • Moodle yesterday instance
    • Platform Selection
      • Linux most used for scalability
      • Windows significantly lower performance for PHP apps
      • Mac OSX forking performance issue
        • Apache and MySQL concurrency issue
    • Issue Tracker
      • Use notification screen to confirm version
      • Moodle Issue Tracker
        • Vote for bugs
        • Set a Watch your important bugs
    • phpMyAdmin
      • Useful and powerful, but dangerous
      • Useful to pull reports not built into Moodle
      • Change settings values not in GUI
      • Fix Moodle when “broken” by user error
      • Reset administrator password if locked out
    • MyODBC
      • Windows client software
      • Connect MySQL to desktop applications
      • Make ad hoc reports in MS Access, Excel, Open Office, etc.
    • Various Other Admin Tools
      • Moodle debug
        • General debugging
        • Performance debugging
      • phpinfo – confirm your php build
      • iperf – test your network
      • iostat – linux disk usage stats
      • strace – see what a process is doing
    • Custom development and Modules
      • Don't load modules just because they are available
      • Use modules over “hacks”
      • Use the forums to evaluate modules
      • Use the author's profile to research the creator
    • Security
      • Select Enterprise class OS with long term update support. Automate updates
      • Moodledata outside of web root
      • Try mod_sec
      • Consider using weekly stable cvs for Moodle auto updates
      • Consider forced logins
      • HTTPS logins
    • More Security
      • Consider turning off self registration
      • Set the Mysql root user password
      • See Moodle Docs Security Page
        • http://docs.moodle.org/en/Security
    • Email delivery
      • Make sure you have valid reverse DNS
      • Make sure you have permission to send email for primary administrator's email account
      • Use email debug to help diagnose problems.
    • Custom themes
      • Start with a basic theme
      • Copy existing theme to a new folder name
      • Prevents upgrades from wiping out
    • Location and Language
      • Use geography based time zones over UTC (for new US daylight savings time)‏
      • Set language to en_us (fix “spelling errors”)‏
      • Questions?