Information Literacy Session 5

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Information Literacy Session 5

  1. 1. Before class starts: <ul><li>Google: milk reduce risk bone disease </li></ul><ul><li>http://gotmilk.com/#/gotmilkbrand/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.martinlutherking.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://easywhois.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://malepregnancy.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.archive.org/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sqRZGhiHGxg </li></ul>
  2. 2. Information Literacy Session Five &quot;Doing research on the Web is like using a library assembled piecemeal by pack rats and vandalized nightly.“ -Roger Ebert
  3. 3. Evaluate the Information
  4. 4. Evaluating the Information <ul><li>Benefits of effective information analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information used will be accurate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions will be more appropriate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your credibility is increased </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Evaluating Information <ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author / publisher / sponsor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evaluating Authority <ul><li>The Author </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic background and credentials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work-related or other experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensure or certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affiliation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact information </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Evaluating Authority <ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governmental agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not-for-profit organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An individual </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Evaluating Authority <ul><li>Sponsor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who sponsored the research? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsor or owner of a website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>URL extensions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.ORG </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.GOV </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.EDU </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.COM </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.NET </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to find </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Page itself (perhaps) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.easywhois.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Evaluating Currency <ul><li>Print Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date and edition of a publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age of references </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular, Professional, Peer-reviewed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Evaluating Currency <ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of most recent revision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website stability: how much it changes over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.archive.org </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Evaluating Content <ul><li>Elements to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intended audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose and scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy and verifiability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall quality </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. Biased Content <ul><li> Appeal to emotion </li></ul><ul><li> Personal attacks </li></ul><ul><li> Too good to be true </li></ul><ul><li> Something for sale </li></ul><ul><li> Associated cost or fee </li></ul><ul><li> Unsupported claims of fact </li></ul><ul><li> Ignoring or omitting contradictory facts or views </li></ul><ul><li> Appeals to popular opinion </li></ul><ul><li> Before and after testimonials </li></ul><ul><li> Suggestive or negative innuendos </li></ul><ul><li> Magnification or minimization of problems </li></ul><ul><li> Presentation of information out of context </li></ul><ul><li> Sarcastic or angry tone </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive claims of certainty </li></ul>
  13. 16. LRC Virtual Library <ul><li>Selected web pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Librarian” approved </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. LIRN vs. Web <ul><li>LIRN is an information source for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Bias </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Annotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A brief note, usually no longer than two or three sentences, accompanying a reference or citation in a bibliography which describes or explains the scope and content of the work cited. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Homework for this session <ul><li>Evaluate your Website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the author/publisher/sponsor – are they reliable? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the date – is it current? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at the content – would you trust it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Write 1-2 sentences explaining why you trust it </li></ul><ul><li>Make the Citation in MLA at www.bibme.org and add that to your project </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate your source: describe what the source is and how it helped you answer your question in a couple of sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of the answers you find! </li></ul><ul><li>Due by next session </li></ul>
  17. 20. Evaluating Information applies to what endeavors? <ul><li>Academic </li></ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul>
  18. 21. Of the three “P’s” which is the most reliable? <ul><li>Popular Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Trade Periodicals </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-Reviewed Journals </li></ul>
  19. 22. Which URL extension is the most reliable? <ul><li>.edu </li></ul><ul><li>.org </li></ul><ul><li>.gov </li></ul><ul><li>Both (a) and (c) </li></ul>
  20. 23. All of these online tools can help you evaluate websites, except: <ul><li>www.youtube.com to see if anyone made a video about them </li></ul><ul><li>www.ripoffreport.com to look up reported frauds </li></ul><ul><li>www.easywhois.com to look up the owner of a webpage </li></ul><ul><li>www.archive.org to look of the history of a webpage </li></ul>
  21. 24. Which of these is NOT a sign of biased content? <ul><li>Unsupported claims of fact </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple references to current information </li></ul><ul><li>Magnification or minimization of problems </li></ul><ul><li>Information presented out of context </li></ul>

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