speaker: A person who delivers a speech or lectures.Diction:The choice and use of words and phrases in speech orwriting.The style of enunciation in speaking or singing.Imagery:Visually descriptive or ﬁgurative language.Allusion:An expression designed to call something to mind with-out mentioning it explicitly;an indirect or passing reference.Simile: ﬁgure of speech involving the comparison of one thingwith another thing of a different kind.Personiﬁcation:The attribution of a personal nature or humancharacteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation ofan abstract quality in human form.Metaphor:Figure of speech in which a word or phrase is appliedto an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.Refrain:Repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typi-cally at the end of each verse.Symbol:something that represents or stands for something else.Stanza: a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unitin a poem; a verse.Alliteration:the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the be-ginning of adjacent or closely connected words.Onomatopoeia: the formation of a word from a sound associ-ated with what is namedEnjambment:the continuation of a sentence without a pause be-yond the end of a line, couplet, or stanzaConnotation:an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition toits literal or primary meaningDenotation:the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrastto the feelings or ideas that the word suggestsEuphemism:a mild or indirect word or expression substituted forone considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to some-thing unpleasant or embarrassingTone:a musical or vocal sound with reference to its pitch, qual-ity, and strengthHyperbole:exaggerated statements or claims not meant to betaken literally.Poetic devices
BLACKOUT POETRYjust taking news paper and ﬁnding certain words in it to make apoem.2
I really like foodPuppies are extremely cutePlease get me some foodHAIKU3three lines of ﬁve, seven, andﬁve.
i am short and hungry i wonder if the chicken or the egg came ﬁrsti hear sizzlingi see ﬂavori want foodi am short and hungryi pretend eating a sandwichi feel hungryi touch my imaginary sandwichi cry over world hungeri am short and hungryi understand that lunch isn’t for another houri say we should get snacksi dream food rains from the skyi try to be patienti hope time goes fasteri am short and hungry“I am poem”I made up this poem when i was hungry4
So are you to my thoughts as food to life,Or as sweet-seasond showers are to the ground;And for the peace of you I hold such strifeAs twixt a miser and his wealth is found;Now proud as an enjoyer and anonDoubting the ﬁlching age will steal his treasure,Now counting best to be with you alone,Then betterd that the world may see my pleasure;Sometime all full with feasting on your sightAnd by and by clean starved for a look;Possessing or pursuing no delight,Save what is had or must from you be took.Thus do I pine and surfeit day by day,Or gluttoning on all, or all away.SONNET I FOUND5a poem of fourteen lines us-ing any of a number of formalrhyme schemes, in Englishtypically having ten syllablesper line.
FEELONLYREALGREATIMPORTANCEVERSUSEVILA CROSTIC7a poem, word puzzle, or othercomposition in which certainletters in each line form a wordor words.
The majestic long neckherbivore and allAte the grass with gleeFREE VERSE8poetry that does not rhyme orhave a regular meter.
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particularsubject, often elevated in style or manner and written invaried or irregular meter.ODE
The players on the ﬁeld gohit and catchhit and catchhit and catchThe players on the ﬁeld gohit and catchall through the gamePARODY10an imitation of the style of aparticular writer, artist, orgenre with deliberate exaggera-tion for comic effect