Implementing KM - Success Factors


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A presentation on an Enterprise WIki pilot as part of the dissertation towards an MSc in Knowledge Management which was presented at the IBM Connectr event in Dublin on June 3rd 2008.

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Implementing KM - Success Factors

  1. 1. Success Factors Colin Mooney Connectr #4, IBM Mulhuddart, Dublin. 03/06/2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>How Knowledge Management Works? </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Management & Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>AIB ‘OnePlace’ Wiki Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions & Future Work </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MSc: Computing (Knowledge Management) at the Dublin Institute of Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissertation: “Wiki-Based Collaboration in a large Organisation: An Enabler of Effective Knowledge Management”. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment: Enterprise Wiki Pilot in the Operations & Technology (O&T) community at Allied Irish Bank (AIB). </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is knowledge Management? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>“ ... what people know , and how what they know can support business and organisational objectives . It draws on human competency, intuition, ideas, and motivations.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ is a collective process of capturing, modelling and organising individuals knowledge into an organisations’ single repository so as to facilitate its reuse and sharing among the employees and other stakeholders for the purposes of new insights .” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Is creating an environment where people have ease of access to knowledge which makes a difference to their everyday working lives. </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is not just about the systems we use to make knowledge available. It is how we share that knowledge – the processes and procedures that surround those systems that enable effective knowledge sharing . It’s interacting and thinking outside the box and having the tools to collaborate on these ideas.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Tacit Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Team Work </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>KM Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Content Management </li></ul><ul><li>Document Management </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Bases </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling Virtual Teams </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Tools </li></ul><ul><li>1. PEOPLE PERSPECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>2. TECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Knowledge Management is about connecting people together, therefore collaboration is key to successful knowledge management. </li></ul><ul><li>Large Organisations are made up of many networks, with key players who act as information brokers, boundary spanners, central connectors, and peripheral specialists. (Cross & Prusak 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>By analysing these networks, we can understand the knowledge flows in an organisation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Avoiding Redundant Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding Repeated Mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Advantage of Existing Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Making Individuals More Effective </li></ul><ul><li>Making Teams More Effective </li></ul>(Garfield 2008)
  9. 10. <ul><li>A New Era </li></ul>“ The world wide web has been instrumental in catalysing the knowledge management movement. Since knowledge and the value of harnessing it have always been with us, it must be the availability of these newer technologies that has stoked the knowledge fire.” (Davenport and Prusak 2000)
  10. 11. <ul><li>“ The internet is evolving from a channel for content distribution to a platform for collaboration, sharing and innovation. ” (Gilroy and Ives 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>3 Principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Web has become a collaboration space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Web is now a platform to publish and create. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Web has become an innovation platform, which enables increased idea sharing. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>S earching – Enabling people to find what they are looking for. </li></ul><ul><li>L inking – Connecting knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>A uthoring – Everyone becomes an expert. </li></ul><ul><li>T agging – Recommending and rating content. </li></ul><ul><li>E xtensions – Plugins, Inter-Connectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>S ignals – Notification and Syndication (McAfee 2006) </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Wikis make it easy to keep all your information current and accurate. </li></ul><ul><li>Information stored in a wiki is dynamic. With wikis, anyone can edit a page (depending on their access privileges / role). </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis keep your information safe. You can view changes made by different users or rollback to previous versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Even as members of your team turn over and new employees are hired, the wiki can be an unbroken repository of knowledge that evolves with your organisation. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Control & Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permissions and Roles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDAP Integration and Single sign-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application & Database options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content Organisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attachments: Automatic versioning & WebDAV (Attachments at the desktop) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fast and Accurate Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All content (pages, attachments, comments, etc) controlled by user permissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full-text attachment searching </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>OnePlace Wiki Pilot at AIB Bank </li></ul>
  15. 18. Top-Down From Senior Management Bottom-Up from Grassroots Laterally through COP’s
  16. 19. <ul><li>Engage Senior Management to back the initiative. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure exclusive, high profile use-cases for the portal. </li></ul><ul><li>Brand the portal to promote its use. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with prospective teams and user groups to gauge reaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Drive wiki adoption by becoming a ‘Wiki Champion’. </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>To demonstrate the commercial wiki products were now ready for use in an enterprise environment for business applications. </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage collaboration between teams in the “O&T Community” through the use of the “OnePlace” wiki portal. </li></ul><ul><li>To position wiki technology as part of the overall suite of collaboration tools in the pilot organisation. </li></ul><ul><li>To analyse the reaction and comments of users involved in the pilot. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Be a Clear Communicator: Keep things simple ... </li></ul><ul><li>Be A Coach: You will need to coach the early users ... </li></ul><ul><li>Be Patient: Be patient with your early adopters ... </li></ul><ul><li>Be Enthusiastic: People will react to your enthusiasm ... </li></ul><ul><li>Be Engaging: Be available to discuss or help ... </li></ul><ul><li>Have Fun!: It will help you succeed. </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>Collaboration, Knowledge Management, Wikis.... </li></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Knowledge Management is much more about people and the processes which enable knowledge management than specific technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity is important, providing knowledge workers with the tools to quickly capture, organise, share and reuse knowledge which is important to their work. </li></ul><ul><li>Portals and Web-based tools are enabling and improving virtual collaboration for virtual teams . </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>Success Factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starting with high-value or exclusive knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaging senior ranking users. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target focused pilot group(s) within each department. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Securing use across a wide variety of departments. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 29. Email: [email_address] or [email_address] Blog:
  23. 30. <ul><li>Cross, R. And Prusak L. 2002. The People Who Make Organisations Go - or Stop. Harvard Business Review. 80 (6) , pp105-112. </li></ul><ul><li>Davenport, T. and Prusak, L. 2000. Working Knowledge: How Organisations Manage What They Know. United States of America: Harvard Business Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Garfield, S. 2008. Weekly Knowledge Management blog by Stan Garfield. [Online]. Available from: </li></ul><ul><li>Gilroy, K. and Ives, B. 2006. Preparing for “intranet 2.0” – how to integrate new communication technology into your intranet IN:Transforming your intranet. United States of America:Melcrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Koplowitz, R. Brown, M. And Barnett, J. 2008. “ Social Computing Changes The Enterprise Collaboration Landscape”, Forrester Research </li></ul><ul><li>McAfee, A. 2006.Enterprise 2.0: The Dawn of Emergent Collaboration. MIT Sloan Management Review. 47 (3), pp21-28. </li></ul>