Brooke bowe the skeletal system slide show

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Transcript

  • 1. The Skeletal System By: Brooke Bowe Grade 5 Fessenden School Skeletal System By: Brooke Bowe Grade 5 Fessenden School
  • 2. The Major Organs
    • Skull
    • Spine
    • Ribs
    • Femur
    • Cranium
    • Mandible
    • Clavicle
    • Humorous
    • Lumbar
    • Vertebrae
    • Ulna
    • Radius
    • Pubis
    • Carpals
    • Metacarpals
    • Isocheim
  • 3. The Skull
    • The function is to attach the brain and other head organs to the rest of the body by connecting to the spinal cord
    • Supports and protects
    • Protects from knocks and bangs
    • The structure is sutures allow for a tiny bit of movement in the skull
    • Very bony framework of the head
    • Arranged in to two parts, the cranium
    • Designed to stand upright
  • 4. The Spine
    • The function is to provide protection to the spinal cord and associated cord
    • To allow for movement
    • Support body frame in upright position
    • Allow for flexibility
    • Structural base for rib attachments that protects heart and lungs
    • The structure is very bony
    • Is made up into 24 vertebrae
    • Divided into 3 sections
    • Cervical spine or neck is made out of 7 vertebrae
    • Thoracic spine made of 12 vertebrae
    • Lubber spine low back made of 5 vertebrae
  • 5. The Ribs
    • Function, rib cage protects your vital organs
    • Gives enough flexibility to your breathing by rid cage
    • Muscles between the ribs lift the rib cage upon inhalation and move down to squeeze air out during inhalation
    • Structure bony and cartilage
    • 24 ribs in the human body
    • Made with skin and associated fascia and muscles
    • Long curved bones which form rib cage
  • 6. The Femur
    • Function for the femur is it provides support to the entire skeletal structure
    • Helps in the movement of our legs
    • Without femur we wouldn’t be able to walk
    • Femur is longest and strongest in the skeleton
    • Structure is rounded smooth head into a socket in the pelvis called acetabulum
    • Very long bone
    • Made out of a very hard bone
    • Cavity filled with bone marrow
    • Red bone marrow is a soft tissue that produces blood cells
    • Yellow marrow is a store for fat
    • Femur bone could be spongy or compact
  • 7. Relationship With The Skeletal System
    • The muscular and the skeletal system relate to each other
    • Skeletal system provides locations for muscle attachments
    • Muscles are connected to the bones
    • Without bones, muscles would fall down into a mass of mush
    • Without muscles, bones would not be able to make our bodies move
  • 8. Healthy Effects
    • To keep the bones in your body healthy you need to…..
    • Exercise(weight lifting, running, going to the gym)
    • Diet(fruits, veggies, meat, milk)
    • Sleeping
    • Vitamins A,D,C
  • 9. Harmful Effects
    • Alcohol weakens bones and makes the bones not as strong as its suppose to be
    • Osteoporosis, scoliosis, arthritis and bone cancer effect your body
    • Smoking can cause immediate complications. It can causes lung cancer, other cancer, heart disease, and stroke typically.
  • 10. Common Diseases
    • Common diseases are…...
    • Arthritis
    • Bone cancer
    • Leukemia
    • Osteomalaia
    • Osteoporosis
    • Spina bifida
    • Spinal curvatures
  • 11.
    • DID TOU KNOW…..
    • The smallest bone in our body is the size of a rice grain
    • We have 206 bones, 52 are made in our feet
    • Humans and a giraffe have the same amount of bones
    • Over half of our bones are in our hands and feet
    • Our bones get lighter as we age
    • Your bones are stronger than steel
    • When your born we have over 300 bones , when you get older , bones go together and so when you’re a adult you have 206 bones
    Interesting facts
  • 12. References
    • www.wikipeda.org
    • www.answer.com
    • www.ehowhealth.com
    • www.spineuniverse.com
    • www.yahoo.com
    • www.reference.com
    • www.education.yahoo.com
    • www.bbc.co.uk/science/femur.shtml
    • www.livestrong.com
    • Yucky.discovery.com
  • 13.
    • Thank You For Watching