Philosophy of Online Learning Activities are at the heart of a course management system. Moodle was designed by an educator and computer scientist, with “social contructionist” principles in mind. Constructionism asserts that learning is particularly effective when constructing something for others to experience. This can be anything from a spoken sentence or an internet posting, to more complex artifacts like a painting, a house or a software package. The concept of social constructivism extends the above ideas into a social group constructing things for one another, collaboratively creating a small culture of shared artifacts with shared meanings. When one is immersed within a culture like this, one is learning all the time about how to be a part of that culture, on many levels. More Information is available from: Using Learning Communities to Create an Open Source Course Management System
Training Company Moodle
User authentication The moodle administrator has the flexibility to choose from user self-registration, manually entering users, or user accounts can be drawn directly from the institution’s existing databases. Most major databases are supported.
Users can dynamically select their interface language …
Users can view recent changes, check their grades, search for topics in the course forums move to their choice of activities, etc., etc…
Moodle course: Learners’ view Participant profiles Links to activity modules arranged by category Global search of course discussions View personal grades & password Links to courses I’m registered in View announcements What’s new since my last login Breadcrumb navigation
Moodle course: Instructor’s view Assign learner groups Edit activity modules Add activity modules See following slide for details
Instructor’s ‘Administration’ menu Course specific teacher/developer discussions View or download students’ grades View learners’ activity report for all modules Change course name, details, enrolment key, participant lables, assign groups, etc. View instructors Add/remove learners Backup course or restore from a previous backup Customize grading scales (ex. Good/Fair/Poor) Manage uploaded class resource files Instructor’s manual
Every class forms a learning community
It’s all about feeling connected to your community Users establish an online identity where they can upload an image or tell a little about themselves.
Course Management Features Moodle has a “modular” architecture that makes adding new Activities during course creation a very simple process. The process begins when the system admin assigns a teacher/trainer course creation privileges. Course creators can select from three different formats for presenting their learning syllabus; Topic, Weekly or Social format. The magic begins when you click “Turn editing on” within the blank course template. With editing turned on, the course creator can now Add activities from an intuitive drop-down list of module plug-in features.
Course management features… Assignment Module Used to assign online or offline tasks; participants can submit these tasks in any file format (MS Office, PDF, image, a/v etc.) Chat Module Allows real-time synchronous communication by learners Choice Module Instructors create a question and a number of choices for students; results are posted for participants to view. Use this module to do quick surveys on subject matter. Dialogue Module Allows for one-to-one private asynchronous message exchange between instructor and student, or student to student. Dialogues are private consultation workspaces. Module property screens guide you through setup
Course management features… cont Forums Module Threaded discussion boards for asynchronous group exchange on shared subject matter (see user Community Forums http://moodle.org/ on various topics and disciplines) Glossary Module Instructors can create dictionaries of terms used in a course, and import or export terms for re-use in other courses. Journal Module Used to allow learners to reflect, then write and revise ideas Label Module Add descriptions with images in any area of the course homepage Glossary terms appear in highlight within all activity module resources. Moodle includes its own site search engine.
Course management features… cont Lesson Module Allows instructor to create and manage a set of linked "Pages". Each page can end with a question. The student either chooses one answer from a set of answers and goes forward, backward or stays in the same place in the lesson. Learner are graded upon completion. Quiz Module Create all the familiar forms of assessment including true-false, multiple choice, short answer, matching question, random questions, numerical questions, embedded answer questions with descriptive text and graphics. Moodle supports embedding audio into a quiz, enhancing language arts and other course content syllabus requirements.
Course management features… cont Resource Module The primary tool for bringing content into a course; may be plain text, uploaded files, links to the web, Wiki or Rich Text (Moodle has built-in editors) or a bibliography type reference. Moodle users have even linked local drive DVD courseware with online Moodle Resource activities. Survey Module This module aids an instructor in making online classes more effective by offering a variety of surveys (COLLES, ATTLS), including critical incident sampling. A Resource activity delivers syllabus content to the learner, while a course Assignment activity can require the learner to upload a completed project.
Course management features… cont
A teacher administrator has full control over all settings for a course, including restricting other teachers
Choice of course formats such as by week, by topic or a discussion-focused social format
Display recent changes to the course since the last login can be displayed on the course home page
Easy editing of text for resources, forum postings, journal entries using an embedded WYSIWYG HTML editor
Grades for Forums, Journals, Quizzes and Assignments can be viewed on one page (and downloaded as a spreadsheet file)
User logging and tracking – full activity reports for each student are available with graphs and details about each module. Also a detailed review of each student’s involvement including postings, journal entries etc
Mail integration – copies of forum posts, teacher feedback etc can be mailed in HTML or plain text.
Custom scales – teachers can define their own scales to be used for grading forums, assignments and journals
Courses can be packaged – as a single zip file using the Backup function. These can be restored on any Moodle server.
Course management features… cont
Moodle: Course structure
Weekly format Each week consists of activities. Some might have deadlines, others might be open.
Topics format Presented and organised into topics. A topic is not restricted to any time limit.
Social format All activities are presented and organised into a single forum. Could also be used as noticeboards
Moodle: Assignment Module
Can be specified with a due date and a maximum grade.
Students can upload assignments They are date-stamped. Different file formats are allowed
Late assignments are allowed The amount of lateness is shown clearly to the teacher
Whole-class assessment Grades and comments provided for each assignment, on one page in one form. Viewable by assigned teachers
Teacher feedback This is appended to the assignment page for each student. Notification is sent by e-mail
Resubmission of assignments This can be allowed by teachers after grading (for re-grading)
Moodle: Forum Module
Different types of forums are available, teacher-only, course news, open-to-all, one-thread-per-user.
All postings have the authors photo attached.
Discussions can be viewed as nested, flat, threaded, oldest or newest first
Every registered user can join, or the teacher can force subscription for all
The teacher can choose not to allow replies
Discussion threads can be easily moved between forums
Attached images are shown inline
Moodle: Journal Module
Journals are private between student and teacher.
Each journal entry can be directed by an open question.
The whole class can be assessed on one page in one form
Teacher feedback is appended to the journal entry page, and notification is mailed out.
Moodle: Quiz Module (1)
Teachers can define a database of questions for re-use in different quizzes
Questions can be stored in categories for easy access, and these categories can be "published" to make them accessible from any course on the site.
Quizzes are automatically graded, and can be re-graded if questions are modified
Quizzes can have a limited time window outside of which they are not available
At the teacher's option, quizzes can be attempted multiple times, and can show feedback and/or correct answers
Quiz questions and quiz answers can be shuffled (randomised) to reduce cheating
Questions allow HTML and images
Moodle: Quiz Module (2)
Multiple-choice questions: single or multiple answers
Short Answer questions: words or phrases
Numerical questions (with allowable ranges)
Embedded-answer questions (cloze style)
Embedded descriptive text and graphics
Moodle: Assignment Module
Assignments can be viewed online, or downloaded
Teacher can attach feedback comments
Notification is sent out by e-mail
Resubmission can be granted for assignments, for re-grading
Moodle: Assignment Module
Assignments can be specified with a due date and a maximum grade.
Students can upload their assignments (any file format) to the server - they are date-stamped.
Late assignments are allowed, but the amount of lateness is shown clearly to the teacher
For each particular assignment, the whole class can be assessed (grade and comment) on one page in one form.
Forum Posting Message Subject Quick navigation Name and image of poster. Message is date/time stamped When learners are subscribed to a particular discussion forum, individual postings are emailed. The emailed posting appears just as it does here.
Content for this presentation was adapted from the following presentations:
North Chadderton School ( http:// www.mywebschool.org )
ROI Learning Services ( http://roi-learning.com / )