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What is culture

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  • 1. CULTURE! Culture is what makes one society different from another society.
  • 2. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE Culture is shared (member vs. outsider) People of the same culture can predict (within limits) how others will think and behave. Sometimes we have misunderstandings when we step outside our familiar cultural setting, where meanings are not shared with other people (brand acronym, abaya—burqa in France, free
  • 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE Culture is learned (not biologically transmitted) through teaching or interacting with one’s cultural environment This learning of culture is called “enculturation”
  • 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE --acculturation is adopting aspects of another society’s culture while keeping your own (bi-cultural) --assimilation is absorbing another society’s culture and losing your own
  • 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE Culture changes Culture is humanity’s most powerful strategy for survival— it’s how basic natural demands of human life are met in different ways because of culturally defined variations (disposing of dead, not eating cows, prizing freedom above everything else)
  • 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE There are 3 types of culture: • Popular Culture (spreads easily. Is popular!) (houses, clothes, food, music) • Folk Culture (generally doesn’t spread much, is often tied to land, religion, seasons, agriculture) • Counter Culture (a sub-culture or fringe culture that develops in opposition to mainstream culture. It peaks and declines but often leaves an impact on society)
  • 7. 2. Popular or “Pop” Culture – customs practiced by large, diverse groups. “King of Pop King of Pop” Ex. – Levi Jeans
  • 8. Three types of culture 1. Folk Culture The Traditional culture of a society (small grouops) )
  • 9. Square Dancing - USA
  • 10. Mexican Hat Dance or Jarabe Tapatio
  • 11. Which is which? Take the challenge!!!
  • 12. CounterCulture (sub-culture)—a group who presents themselves in opposition to the mainstream trends of the dominant culture
  • 13. Ex. Punk Rockersckers
  • 14. More Trekkies!!!
  • 15. Ex. Surfers
  • 16. Ex. Goths Ex. Goths
  • 17. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE • • • • • • Religion Language Ethnicity Music Dance Clothing
  • 18. LANGUAGE REGIONS
  • 19. RELIGION REGIONS
  • 20. CULTURE REALMS (COLOR/SHADE AND LABEL CULTURE REALMS CORE MAP)
  • 21. HEARTH A Cultural Hearth is where a culture originated. For example, Hip Hop originated in the Bronx in New York, so the Bronx is the cultural hearth of Hip Hop.
  • 22. - The Bronx, New York DJ Kool Herc Birthplace of rap/hip1520 Sedgwick hop Avenue, Bronx NY 1520 Sedwick Ave. is considered the Bronx, NY birthplace of rap in the early 1970s – venue of DJ Kool Herc Run DMC
  • 23. WHERE IN THE WORLD IS THE HEARTH? Cultural Trait 1. Christmas Tree 2. Skateboarding 3. Spanish (language) 4. Soccer (futbol) 5. Hamburger Hearth (think-pair-share)
  • 24. ANSWERS Christmas Tree—Germany (At least the modern idea. Greenery is ancient pagan customs) Skateboarding—California Spanish—Castile (Iberian Penn, Spain) Soccer—China (100-200 AD) Hamburgers—Connecticut 1900 (Lots of claims. Library of Congress chose Connecticut)
  • 25. Cultural Diffusion – the spreading of cultural customs to other cultures. Cultural Diffusion of Jazz * Utah Saudi Arabia – hearth for McDonald’s is San Bernardino, CA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zCsFvVg0UY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeU9znQ9jQw&safety_mode =true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active