A. Western Europe includes the countries of France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and Austria.
B. Northern and Western Europe were once a source of many emigrants to the United States, but now they are a destination of many immigrants from Eastern Europe, Russia, the Middle East and North Africa.
A. Italy with 58 million people and a density of about 505 per sq. mile is the most populated country of the region. It is also home to two small countries within its borders, Vatican City, and San Marino.
B. The population of Spain is concentrated along the coastlines and major industrial areas such as Madrid
C. The cities of Rome and Athens are home to many important historical sites and are now commercial and tourism centers
A. Most Eastern Europeans are Slavic people who can trace their roots back to parts of Asia.
B. Even though they are all Slavic, they are different branches of the Slavic people and have adopted different religions. This has made for a history of tension and conflicts, especially on the Balkan Peninsula.
A. Population and density in Eastern Europe, like most places, is determined by physical geography. Areas in the north have fertile flat land and water resources and so they have high populations.
B. Ukraine is the most populous country with 47.1 million residents.
C. The Southern part of Eastern Europe has many mountains and less fertile land so population densities are not as high.
D. The control of the Soviet Union over these countries has caused this area to develop more slowly than Western Europe and also has caused many people to leave the area especially since the fall of communism.
E. Today, most people live in or near large cities