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  1. 1. Islam Submission to the will of God
  2. 2. Islam Core Beliefs 5 Pillars of Islam <ul><li>Muslim is one who submits to the will of God </li></ul><ul><li>5 Pillars make up the core beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SHAHADA . Profession of Faith. There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SALAT . Pray 5 times a day facing Makkah (Mecca) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ZAKAT . Give to the needy. Alms giving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAWM . Fast during the month of Ramadan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HAJJ . Pilgrimage to Makkah </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Branches of Islam and location of Muslims <ul><li>Sunni, Arabic for orthodox, make up 83% of muslims mostly found in the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Shiite (Shia) found primarily in Iran (90% of population in Iran), Pakistan, Iraq and smaller numbers in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, and Yemen. </li></ul><ul><li>Half of all Muslims live in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India </li></ul><ul><li>Islam numbers are growing in Europe and North America due to Migrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 3 and 4 million in N. America. </li></ul><ul><li>Nation of Islam also known as Black Muslims is one of the largest groups. Founded by Elijah Muhammad, and split by Malcolm X now also known as the Muslim Mission </li></ul>
  4. 5. Origin of Islam <ul><li>See reading packet and text book </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read pages 166-168 in the Fellmann book and compare what it says to the Rubenstein book. Add onto your worksheet any added information you gain about ISLAM </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Diffusion of Islam <ul><li>Muhammad’s Successors organized armies and took over large parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Within 100 years Muslims took over Palestine, Persian Empire and much of India. </li></ul><ul><li>They captured N. Africa and move across the Strait of Gibraltar into Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Diffused through Relocation by missionaries that took Islam to Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. Indonesia currently has more Muslims than any other country. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Holy Places in Islam <ul><li>Holiest places are related to the life of Muhammad </li></ul><ul><li>Mecca is the first holiest place. There you find the holiest object the Ka’ba which is the center of the Great Mosque, and the well of Zamzam </li></ul><ul><li>Medina, where Muhammad fled to after he was forced out of Mecca. Here he gained popularity and power </li></ul><ul><li>Dome of the Rock. In Jerusalem where Muhammad was taken by an angel and from there taken into heaven. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Islamic calendar <ul><li>Islam uses a Lunar calendar that in a 30 year period there are 19 years with 354 days and 11 with 355 days </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim holidays arrive at different times. Example: Ramadan was in October in 2003, but it will be in August in 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>This causes the length of fast to be different in different parts of the world </li></ul>
  8. 11. Islam place of Worship <ul><li>Muslims gather in a Mosque. </li></ul><ul><li>A Mosque is considered a place to gather together for worship and is not viewed as a sanctified place like a church. </li></ul><ul><li>A Mosque usually includes an open courtyard (enclosed in harsh climates), a pulpit that faces Mecca, a cloister used for a school or other non religious activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Unique feature is the Minaret, a tower attached to the mosque, where the Muezzin calls people to pray. </li></ul>
  9. 13. Care for the Dead <ul><li>Muslims bury their dead in Cemeteries </li></ul><ul><li>In some Muslim countries Cemeteries are used as parks. </li></ul>