Housing Culture

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Housing Culture

  1. 1. Houses
  2. 2. Folk housing Determined by available resources and social preferences. Different places use same material, but orientation and form of the houses are different. Examples, Madagascar, Laos, Thailand. (ALSO FengShui) for orientation and China for form.
  3. 3. Home Locations in Southeast AsiaFig. 4-11 (pg. 116): Houses and sleeping positions are oriented according to local customs among the Lao in northern Laos (left) and the Yuan and Shan in northern Thailand (right).
  4. 4. House Types in Western ChinaFig. 4-9 (pg. 114): Four communities in western China all have distinctive house types.
  5. 5. U.S. folk house forms (Fellmann pgs. 222-225)Early colonists built vernacular houses, (using local resources and traditions to address local needs)based on tradition but without formal plansSeveral different Hearths developed 1. Northern or New England a. French influence in Canada and other French settlements b. Other influences from Dutch, Germans (Dutch doors) 2. Middle Atlantic a. Ethnically diverse, developed the log cabin, four over four and I house 3. Southern a. Built from a mix of many influences, one type is the shotgun house with roots in Africa 4. Interior and western a. Sod, balloon frame, Spanish Adobe, and central-hall are examples
  6. 6. Diffusion of House Types in U.S.Fig. 4-9: Distinct house types originated in three main source areas in the U.S. and then diffused into the interior as migrants moved west.
  7. 7. Diffusion of New England House Types Fig. 4-10: Four main New England house types of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries diffused westward as settlers migrated.
  8. 8. Remember that modern houses are morefashion, or what’s popular at the moment,rather than vernacular (using the availableresources and traditions) And it’s not relocationdiffusion. We aren’t building our own houses,generally. Mass contractors are building thehouses. We’re moving around interregionallyor intraregionallyand buying existing houses.Houses are fashionable at certain time periods.Here are the “Modern” house styles.
  9. 9. U.S. House Types, 1945-1990 Several variations of the “modern style” were dominant from the 1940s into the 1970s. Since then, “neo-eclectic” styles have become the dominant type of house construction in the U.S.
  10. 10. Traditional Cape Cod
  11. 11. Updated Cape Cod
  12. 12. Modern Cape Cod
  13. 13. Neo-Eclectic Cape Cod
  14. 14. Shakespeare’s House English Tudor
  15. 15. Paul Revere’s house. Early Colonial Tudor
  16. 16. Modern Minimal American Tudor
  17. 17. Neo-Tudor Style
  18. 18. Neo-Tudor
  19. 19. Neo-Eclectic Tudor
  20. 20. Saltbox
  21. 21. John Adam’s house: Saltbox
  22. 22. John Adam’s Saltbox
  23. 23. John Adams’ House, Two Chimney
  24. 24. John Adams was the first president to live in the White House.
  25. 25. Modern Saltbox
  26. 26. Modern Saltbox
  27. 27. Neo-Eclectic Saltbox
  28. 28. Front Gable and Wing or Irregular Massed
  29. 29. Front Gable and Wing or Irregular Massed
  30. 30. Front Gable and Wing or Irregular Massed
  31. 31. Modern Gable and Wing
  32. 32. Neo-Eclectic Gable and Wing
  33. 33. Two-Chimney
  34. 34. Two Chimney
  35. 35. Modern Two Chimney
  36. 36. Neo-Eclectic Two Chimney
  37. 37. Beehive House
  38. 38. Bungalow orMinimal Traditional
  39. 39. Neo Bungalow
  40. 40. Ranch Style House
  41. 41. Ranch House
  42. 42. Ranch House
  43. 43. Modern Ranch
  44. 44. Neo-Eclectic Ranch
  45. 45. Split Level House
  46. 46. Split-Level
  47. 47. Split Level
  48. 48. Split Level
  49. 49. Split Level
  50. 50. Mansard Style
  51. 51. Mansard
  52. 52. Mansard
  53. 53. Neo Mansard
  54. 54. Neo Mansard
  55. 55. Mansard Mansion
  56. 56. Neo French Style
  57. 57. Neo French Style
  58. 58. Neo French Style
  59. 59. Neo French Style
  60. 60. Neo Colonial
  61. 61. Neo Colonial
  62. 62. Neo Colonial
  63. 63. Modern Contemporary
  64. 64. Others
  65. 65. Victorian
  66. 66. Bluffdale “Up” House
  67. 67. The End

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