Located in the eastern part of South Africa; forms northeastern border of Lesotho with South Africa. Worksheet: Mountains in South Africa and Lesotho.
Afrikaans for “Dragons Mountain”
Offers challenging mountaineering; some of its minor peaks have never been summitted.
This is a famous rock formation called “The Amphitheatre”
Divide Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
“ Mountains in the Mist”
Its snow-covered peaks are only visible a few days a year because the massive amounts of rainfall make it mist-and-cloud covered most of the time
Also spelled Rwenzori
Famous for vegetation—ranging from rain forests to alpine meadows to snow
Located in Eritrea and Somalia, as well as Ethiopia
Formed as magma uplifted ancient rocks
Divided by the “Great Rift Valley”
Located in Northern Africa
Largest hot Desert in the World
Its name is an English rendition of the Arabic word for “desert”
It divides the continent of Africa into North and Sub-Saharan Africa
Located along the Atlantic coast of Namibia
Oldest Desert in the World (over 80 million years)
Largely unpopulated and inaccessible
It is almost completely barren
Located in eastern Namibia, Botswana, and part of South Africa.
Meerkats live here
Bushmen live here!
Main artery in western Africa that originates in Guinea.
Third longest river in Africa—2500 miles long
Located in south-central Africa and meets the ocean in a delta.
Fourth longest river in Africa
Just below Victoria Falls—Zambia is on the left, Zimbabwe is on the right.
The Nile and its tributaries flow though nine countries. The White Nile flows though Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt. The Blue Nile starts in Ethiopia. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzanian, Rwanda, and Burundi all have tributaries, which flow into the Nile or into lake Victoria. It flows south to north—probably opposite than what you thought.
Its name comes from the Greek word “Nelios” meaning River Valley
It is the world’s longest river (4,187 miles)
Begins on the border of DR Congo & Zambia, swings up almost to Central African Republic and then down the border of DR Congo and Republic of Congo and out to the Atlantic Ocean.
Second longest river in Africa (2,720 miles)
It flows through the second largest rain forest in the world
Congo Republic and DR Congo take their names from this river
Valleys, Plains, Capes, Steppes
Great Rift Valley
Cape of Good Hope
Great Rift Valley
Natural wonder in the southeastern
part of Africa
Great Rift Valley Runs from Syria (in the Middle East) to Mozambique (in Africa)
Serengeti Plain One of the world’s largest savanna plains
Cape of Good Hope The southern tip of Africa
Discovered by Vasco de Gama. Western European explorers had been searching for the tip of Africa. De Gama was blown around the cape during a storm and was so excited about finally finding the end of Africa, knowing it would open Europe for trade with Asia, that he named it the “Cape of Good Hope.”
Cape of Good Hope
Sahal The northern steppe of Africa
Lake Tanganyika One of the deepest and longest freshwater lakes in the world; located in East Africa
Lake Victoria Largest Lake in Africa
Biggest and Best
World’s tallest free-standing mountain
In NorthEast Tanzania
Biggest Lake—Lake Victoria
Largest fresh water lake in the world (surface area)
7 th largest fresh water lake in world by volume
Has more than 3000 islands
Biggest Waterfall—Victoria Falls. One of the 7 wonders of the World
Remarkable because of the narrow slot-like canyon which the water falls into—so the falls can be viewed face-on
Vastly larger than Niagara Falls—19 million cubic feet of water falling each minute vs. six million cubic feet of water at Niagara
Only rivaled by Iguazo Falls (So. America)
Single largest sheet of falling water in the world—328 feet tall, one mile wide
The falling water generates spray and mist that rise to a height of over 1300 feet
Victoria Falls Spray The Spray can be seen up to 30 miles away