Contents LAUNCHING OF NASA early space flight Apollo mission Space shuttle Science of space The “first a in nasa” aeronautics research International space station (iss) Aeronautics Area of research
Launching of NASAEstablished in October 1,1958After world war-II there was a cold war between USA and RUSSA.A broad contest was there among aligned and nonaligned over space. That this field becamespace race.American president declare the International Geophysical Year (IGY) for the period, July 1,1957 to December 31, 1958.Soviets launched Sputnik 1, the worlds first artificial satellite as its IGY entry.It had pearl harbor effect on Americans, and this thing produced stimulus to work in Aeronauticsfield.
NASA started many mission after its creation andwithin twenty years it has set many missions likeMercury’s single astronaut programProject Gemini two astronautsRobotic mission to the MoonAeronautics researchRemote-sensing Earth satelliteApplication of satellite in communications
Early SpaceflightsMercury SpaceflightOn May 5, 1961, Alan B. Shepard Jr. became the first American to fly intospaceAn effort to learn human survive in spaceGemini SpaceflightThis was built on mercury’s flight experienceBuilt for two astronauts,10 flights provided NASA more information regardingspace.During Gemini 4, on June 3, 1965, when Edward H. White, Jr., became the firstU.S. astronaut to conduct a spacewalk.
Going to the Moon - Project ApolloNASA achievements involve human exploration to space in early years.But after Soviets success in space project Apollo became their first and high profile project. to make this dream real NASA spent 11 years on this project and it demand $25.4billions .NASA had to face many crises and financial problems. But they bounced back with greatrevolutionIn on December 24-25, 1968, when its crew read from the book of Genesis, was another crucialaccomplishment on the way to the Moon.Thats one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil A. Armstrong uttered thesefamous words on July 20, 1969, when the Apollo 11 mission
Five more successfullunar landingmissions followed. The Apollo 13mission of April 1970attracted the publicsattention. 17 mission ofDecember 1972,NASA completed asuccessfulengineering andscientific program.
Space ShuttleAfter a gap of six years, NASA returned to human spaceflight in 1981.Demonstrating that it could take off vertically and glide to an unpoweredairplane-like landing.NASA is poised to return to flight aim in summer 2005 with the STS-114mission. There are three Shuttle orbiters in NASAs fleet◦ Atlantis,◦ Discovery◦ Endeavour
Atlantis Shuttle orbiters
Toward a Permanent Human Presence in SpaceFor permanent stay in the space NASA established its space baseAn initial effort in this area was NASAs Skylab program in 1973.In 1984, Congress authorized NASA to build a major new space station as abase for further exploration of space.Russian experienceRussian join NASA as international partners to build an space facility that kwonas International Space Station.
InternationalSpace Stationis a artificialsatellite in lowEarth orbitwhose firstcomponent waslaunched in 1998 Now the largestartificial body inorbitThe ISS serves as amicrogravity andspace environmentresearch laboratory
AeronauticsThe goal of the Fundamental Aeronautics Program is to achieve technologicalcapabilities necessary to overcome national challenges in air transportationincluding reduced noise, emissions and fuel consumption, and increasedmobility through a faster means of transportation.To control Civil aviation National Security Goal
NASA collaboration the Russian Federal Space Agency JAXA ESA CSA
SolarSystemBeyond theEarthCommercialSpaceEarth TechnologyNASA research areas