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  1. 1. NASANational Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration
  2. 2. Presented byABDUL RAHMAN2011-MM-12
  3. 3. Contents LAUNCHING OF NASA early space flight Apollo mission Space shuttle Science of space The “first a in nasa” aeronautics research International space station (iss) Aeronautics Area of research
  4. 4. Launching of NASAEstablished in October 1,1958After world war-II there was a cold war between USA and RUSSA.A broad contest was there among aligned and nonaligned over space. That this field becamespace race.American president declare the International Geophysical Year (IGY) for the period, July 1,1957 to December 31, 1958.Soviets launched Sputnik 1, the worlds first artificial satellite as its IGY entry.It had pearl harbor effect on Americans, and this thing produced stimulus to work in Aeronauticsfield.
  5. 5. NASA started many mission after its creation andwithin twenty years it has set many missions likeMercury’s single astronaut programProject Gemini two astronautsRobotic mission to the MoonAeronautics researchRemote-sensing Earth satelliteApplication of satellite in communications
  6. 6. Early SpaceflightsMercury SpaceflightOn May 5, 1961, Alan B. Shepard Jr. became the first American to fly intospaceAn effort to learn human survive in spaceGemini SpaceflightThis was built on mercury’s flight experienceBuilt for two astronauts,10 flights provided NASA more information regardingspace.During Gemini 4, on June 3, 1965, when Edward H. White, Jr., became the firstU.S. astronaut to conduct a spacewalk.
  7. 7. Going to the Moon - Project ApolloNASA achievements involve human exploration to space in early years.But after Soviets success in space project Apollo became their first and high profile project. to make this dream real NASA spent 11 years on this project and it demand $25.4billions .NASA had to face many crises and financial problems. But they bounced back with greatrevolutionIn on December 24-25, 1968, when its crew read from the book of Genesis, was another crucialaccomplishment on the way to the Moon.Thats one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil A. Armstrong uttered thesefamous words on July 20, 1969, when the Apollo 11 mission
  8. 8.  Five more successfullunar landingmissions followed. The Apollo 13mission of April 1970attracted the publicsattention. 17 mission ofDecember 1972,NASA completed asuccessfulengineering andscientific program.
  9. 9. Space ShuttleAfter a gap of six years, NASA returned to human spaceflight in 1981.Demonstrating that it could take off vertically and glide to an unpoweredairplane-like landing.NASA is poised to return to flight aim in summer 2005 with the STS-114mission. There are three Shuttle orbiters in NASAs fleet◦ Atlantis,◦ Discovery◦ Endeavour
  10. 10. Atlantis Shuttle orbiters
  11. 11. Toward a Permanent Human Presence in SpaceFor permanent stay in the space NASA established its space baseAn initial effort in this area was NASAs Skylab program in 1973.In 1984, Congress authorized NASA to build a major new space station as abase for further exploration of space.Russian experienceRussian join NASA as international partners to build an space facility that kwonas International Space Station.
  12. 12. InternationalSpace Stationis a artificialsatellite in lowEarth orbitwhose firstcomponent waslaunched in 1998 Now the largestartificial body inorbitThe ISS serves as amicrogravity andspace environmentresearch laboratory
  13. 13. Module Length: 167.3 feet (51meters)Truss Length: 357.5 feet (109meters)Solar Array Length: 239.4 feet (73meters)Mass: 924,739 pounds (419,455kilograms)Habitable Volume: 13,696 cubicfeet (388 cubic meters)Pressurized Volume: 32,333 cubicfeet (916 cubic meters)Power Generation: 8 solar arrays =84 kilowattsLines of Computer Code:approximately 2.3 million
  14. 14. AeronauticsThe goal of the Fundamental Aeronautics Program is to achieve technologicalcapabilities necessary to overcome national challenges in air transportationincluding reduced noise, emissions and fuel consumption, and increasedmobility through a faster means of transportation.To control Civil aviation National Security Goal
  15. 15. NASA collaboration the Russian Federal Space Agency JAXA ESA CSA
  16. 16. SolarSystemBeyond theEarthCommercialSpaceEarth TechnologyNASA research areas