World War 2


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World War 2

  1. 1. Josue Perez Period 2
  2. 2. <ul><li>Adolf Hitler- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German dictator and Supreme Chancellor that rose to power and in Germany in the late 1920s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He hates all Jews even though he is one; was once imprisoned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abused his power and expanded Germany as well as his ideals by taking over other countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as der fuehrer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rose to power by appealing to Italians and their anger on the Italian government and that they did not gain anything from the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian dictator and supporter of as well as ally of Hitler; made fascism popular in Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became powerful enough to be “declared” the head of the Italian government and ended democratic rule in Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as “il duce” or “the leader” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joseph Stalin- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rose to power as the Communist leader and dictator of the Soviet Union in the late 1920s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Received complete and utter submission from his fellow Russians with the use of force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruthless; he executed all of his rivals and their supporters as well as send millions of people to labor camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His last name means “Steel” in Russian </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Dictator: a leader who rules with total authority, often in a cruel or brutal manner </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism: a political system, headed by a dictator, that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism: hostility toward or discrimination against Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian: a political system in which the government suppresses all opposition and controls most aspects of people’s lives </li></ul><ul><li>Appeasement: accepting demands in order to avoid conflict </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Axis Powers consisted of Germany, Nippon (Japan), and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler’s main goal was to break the British morale before invading them so that they wouldn’t put up much a fight as well as dominating all of Western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In August 1940, the Germans bombed London and British shipyards, industries, and neighborhoods, as a result many civilians were killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Battled of Britain continued into October of 1940 with the Germans failed attempt to invade and conquer Britain; the Germans never took control of Britain because the British Royal Air Force mounted a heroic defense against German bombers and fighters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Signing the Atlantic Charter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In August 1941, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill drew up the Atlantic Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The charter pledged that the people of every nation would be free to choose their own form of government and live free of “fear and want” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It urged disarmament and the creation of a “permanent system of government security” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attack on Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On December 7, 1941 the American military base of Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese warplanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The attack destroyed many battleships, cruisers, and other vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor was and still is the worst defeat in United States military history </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Blitzkrieg: name given to the sudden, violent offensive attacks the Germans used during World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Lend-lease: the act passing during World War II allowing the United States to sell, lend or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered “vital to the defense of the United States” </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament: removal of weapons </li></ul><ul><li>I do believe that the United States would have entered because the Germans would have gotten over ambitious and would have attempted to invade us. Or that the Allies would have once again called for our help in sending in supplies and troops to help them against Hitler the Cruel. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Americans on the war front helped the war effort by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planting “Victory Gardens” to grow vegetables, which were in short supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children collected scrap metal for use in the industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also promoted patriotism and helped keep other Americans united behind the war effort </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobilization- military and civilian preparations for war </li></ul><ul><li>Ration- to give out scarce items on a limited basis </li></ul><ul><li>Internment camp- the detention camps where Japanese Americans were moved to and confined during world war ii </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Significance of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D-day: Once the Allies controlled the French coast, they would create a base which would try to sweep the Germans out of France. The success of D-Day marked a major turning point in the war in Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V-E Day: It marked the down fall of the German Empire as well as the end of the War in Europe. It stands for “Victory in Europe”, it also marked the liberation of the Jews and the end of the Nazis. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The Importance of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Island Hopping- This strategy called for capturing key islands in which the Allies could make bases, both naval and air, to attack other key islands in order to reach the mainland of Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manhattan Project- A top secret operation in which thousands of scientist worked to create nuclear bombs. In the end they succeeded in creating the first atomic bomb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V-J Day- It marked the Japanese defeat and the end of World War ii. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>Kamikazes were suicidal attempts by losing Japanese pilots who faced defeat. The pilots crashed into enemy ships, causing a total of 57 American ships to be sunk. It showed how desperate Japan really was. Kamikaze means “Divine Wind” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As president of the United States, I would have dropped the two bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because I would be in the middle of a war against them. In war, one can have no mercy to win, and to win one must use anything possible. </li></ul></ul>