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THE PRESENT PERFECT <ul><li>Have / has + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I have  written  a letter </li></ul><ul><li>She...
PRESENT PERFECT USES <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about past events that happened at an  indefinite time in ...
Present perfect  vs . past simple <ul><li>We use the  Present Perfect  to talk about the experience in general.  When  and...
present perfect: PAST AND Present <ul><li>The present perfect shows a connection between the  PAST  and the  PRESENT . </l...
PRESENT PERFECT:   GIVING   NEWS NEWS <ul><li>We often give  a piece of news  in the present perfect </li></ul><ul><li>We’...
JUST, ALREADY & YET <ul><li>JUST : “A short time ago”:   I’ve  just  had an idea . (+) </li></ul><ul><li>ALREADY : “Sooner...
FOR OR SINCE? <ul><li>We use PP for states that began in the past and continue into the present. The states are unfinished...
<ul><li>I’ ve seen  Mary twice  this week </li></ul><ul><li>I  saw  Mary twice  last week </li></ul><ul><li>PP:   we talk ...
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Present Perfect

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Transcript of "Present Perfect"

  1. 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT <ul><li>Have / has + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I have written a letter </li></ul><ul><li>She hasn’t been to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Have they left ? </li></ul>
  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT USES <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about past events that happened at an indefinite time in the past ( LIFE EXPERIENCES ) </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever met a famous person? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I’ve met Brad Pitt. </li></ul><ul><li>No, I’ve never met Brad Pitt. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present perfect vs . past simple <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about the experience in general. When and where are not important. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve eaten sushi. </li></ul><ul><li>We use the Past Simple to talk about more details. </li></ul><ul><li>I ate it last week in Japan </li></ul>
  4. 4. present perfect: PAST AND Present <ul><li>The present perfect shows a connection between the PAST and the PRESENT . </li></ul><ul><li>The plane has landed = The plane is on the ground NOW </li></ul>
  5. 5. PRESENT PERFECT: GIVING NEWS NEWS <ul><li>We often give a piece of news in the present perfect </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve bought a new car! </li></ul><ul><li>Your parcel has arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>The Police have arrested the two criminals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. JUST, ALREADY & YET <ul><li>JUST : “A short time ago”: I’ve just had an idea . (+) </li></ul><ul><li>ALREADY : “Sooner than expected”: My brother has already crashed his new car. (+) </li></ul><ul><li>YET : “Something that hasn’t happened, but we are expecting it” : have you finished breakfast yet ? no, I haven’t finished yet . (-, ?) </li></ul><ul><li>ALREADY & JUST: come before the PAST PARTICIPLE. </li></ul><ul><li>YET: comes at the end of a question or a negative sentence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. FOR OR SINCE? <ul><li>We use PP for states that began in the past and continue into the present. The states are unfinished. </li></ul><ul><li>How long have you had your pet? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve had it FOR many years.(a period of time) </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve had it SINCE my sixteenth birthday.(a specific point in time) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>I’ ve seen Mary twice this week </li></ul><ul><li>I saw Mary twice last week </li></ul><ul><li>PP: we talk about finished states that happened in an unfinished period of time (today, this week, in the last 12 months, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Past simple : we talk about finished actions and states that happened in a finished period of time </li></ul>unfinished time
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