Present Perfect

885 views
705 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Self Improvement
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
885
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
20
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
39
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Present Perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT <ul><li>HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE </li></ul><ul><li>I have written a letter </li></ul><ul><li>She hasn’t been to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Have they left? </li></ul>
  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT USES <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about past events that happened at an indefinite time in the past </li></ul><ul><li>( LIFE EXPERIENCES ) </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever met a famous person? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I’ve met Brad Pitt. </li></ul><ul><li>No, I ’ve never met Brad Pitt. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present perfect vs. Past simple <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about the experience in general. When and where are not important. </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ve eaten sushi. </li></ul><ul><li>We use the Past Simple to talk about more details. </li></ul><ul><li>I ate it last week in Japan </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRESENT PERFECT: Past & present <ul><li>The present perfect shows a connection between the PAST and the PRESENT . </li></ul><ul><li>The plane has landed = The plane is on the ground NOW </li></ul>
  5. 5. GIVING NEWS <ul><li>We often give a piece of news in the present perfect </li></ul><ul><li>We ’ve bought a new car! </li></ul><ul><li>Your parcel has arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>The Police have arrested the two criminals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. JUST, ALREADY & YET <ul><li>JUST : “A short time ago”: I ’ve just had an idea . (+) </li></ul><ul><li>ALREADY : “So oner than expected”: My brother has already crashed his new car. (+) </li></ul><ul><li>YET : “So mething that hasn’t happened, but we are expecting it” : have you finished breakfast yet ? no, I haven ’t finished yet . (-, ?) </li></ul><ul><li>ALREADY & JUST: come before the PAST PARTICIPLE. </li></ul><ul><li>YET: comes at the end of a question or a negative sentence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. FOR or SINCE? <ul><li>We use PP for states that began in the past and continue into the present. The states are unfinished. </li></ul><ul><li>How long have you had your pet? </li></ul><ul><li>I ’vee had it FOR many years.(a period of time) </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ve had it SINCE my sixteenth birthday.(a specific point in time) </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE END M ónica Redondo Arias

×