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Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
Comparatives & superlatives
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Comparatives & superlatives

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  • 1. COMPARATIVES
  • 2. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS
    • What is an ADJECTIVE?
    • It’s a word that describes a NOUN
    • BIG
    • FAST CAR
    • EXPENSIVE
  • 3. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS
    • What is an ADVERB ?
    • It’s a word that describes a VERB .
    • Speak FAST
    • Walk SLOWLY
  • 4. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS
    • You speak English well (adverb)
    • It’s a very good activity. You read very well .
    • DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GOOD-WELL
    • Your English is good (adjective)
  • 5. COMPARATIVES Adjective + ER + than MORE + adjective + than 1 syllable adjectives 2 syllable adjectives or more 2 syllable adjectives ending in - Y Adverbs ending in - ly
  • 6. COMPARATIVES -ER Old Old er than 1 syllable + ER Big Bigg er than Consonant+vowel+consonant= double consonant Nice Nice r than Ending in -e= + r Noisy Nois ier than Ending in -y= +ier
  • 7. COMPARTIVES with “MORE” Modern More modern than 2 syllable adjectives Important More important than 3 syllable or more adjectives Slowly More slowly than Adverbs ending in -ly
  • 8. -ER & MORE COMPARATIVES It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere quieter / more quiet ? Some 2 syllable adjectives can use - ER or MORE : Clever Narrow Quiet Simple Common Cleverer Narrower Quieter Simpler Commoner More clever More narrow More quiet More simple More common
  • 9. SUPERLATIVES The +Adjective + EST THE MOST + adjective 1 syllable adjectives 2 or more syllable adjectives 2 syllable adjectives ending in - y Adverbs ending in - ly
  • 10. SUPERLATIVES with - EST Old The old est 1 syllable + EST Big The bigg est Consonant+vowel+consonant= double consonant Nice The nic est Ending in -e= +ST Noisy The nois iest Ending in -y= +iest
  • 11. SUPERLATIVES with “MOST” Modern The most modern 2 syllable adjectives Important The most important 3 syllable or more adjectives Slowly The most slowly Adverbs ending in -ly
  • 12. SUPERLATIVES + PRESENT PERFECT
    • We use Present Perfect (I have done) after a Superlative:
    • What’s the most important decision you’ve ever made ?
    • This was the best holiday I’ve had for a long time
  • 13. IRREGULAR Comparative Superlative Good Better Best Bad Worse Worst Far Further Farther Furthest Farthest
  • 14. Specifying
    • Could you speak a bit more slowly? ( a little more slowly)
    • Let’s go by car. It’s much cheaper. ( a lot cheaper)
    Much A bit A little A lot
  • 15. (Not) AS....AS (Equality)
    • Joe is tall. He is taller than Al .
    • But he isn’t as tall as Ed .
    • Ed is taller than he is / him.
  • 16. LESS THAN (inferiority)
    • Al is less tall than Joe
    • Al isn’t as tall as Joe
    • Al is SHORTER than Joe
    MORE POLITE LESS POLITE
  • 17. HOW TO BE POLITE Good-looking Pau Gasol isn’t as good-looking as George Clooney. Pau Gasol is less good-looking than George Clooney. Pau Gasol is uglier than George Clooney.
  • 18. THE SAME AS (Equality)
    • David is the same age a s John
    • Her salary is t he same as mine
    • Her salary is the same like mine
    • Anna wore the same dress as Juliet
  • 19. LET’S PRACTICE!
    • This coffee is very weak. I expected it to be .......
    I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be ... You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me ...? You’re standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit ...away? Your work isn’t very good. I’m sure you can do ... Unfortunately her illness was ... we thought at first There were a lot of people on the bus. It was .... than usual
  • 20. LET’S PRACTICE! This coffee is very weak. I expected it to be ....... Stronger I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be ... easier You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me ... more often You’re standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit ...away? further Your work isn’t very good. I’m sure you can do ... better Unfortunately her illness was ... we thought at first more serious There were a lot of people on the bus. It was .... than usual more crowded
  • 21. SUPERLATIVES What do you say in these situations?
    • You’ve just been to the cinema. The film was extremely boring. You tell your friend:
    • It was the most boring film I’ve ever seen
    • *You’re talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very generous. You tell your friend about her:
    • GENEROUS/PERSON/MEET
    • *You’ve just run 10 kilometres. You have never run further than this. You say to your friend:
    • FAR / RUN
    • *You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. You say to your friend:
    • BAD/ MISTAKE/ MAKE.

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