Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. By: Monique B.
  2. 2.  What is Constructivism? Who is involved in the theory? How can the theory be seen in the classroom? How to use Constructivism in the classroom
  3. 3.  A type of learning theory where the learner actively construct creates their own subjective representations of objective reality. This theory focuses on learning through experience. Constructivism began in the time of Progressive Education. Constructivist educators will assess their students learning and plan new learning experiences.
  4. 4.  Each individual is an active creator of their own knowledge. It’s often misconstrued as a learning theory that compels students to "reinvent the wheel." Students attempt to understand how the wheel functions by applying their existing knowledge and real-world experience.
  5. 5.  Jean Piaget- was a Swiss professor of psychology and sociology Jerome Bruner-published documents about that examined theories of cognitive development for curriculum innovation. Lev Vygotsky- was a scholar that proposed a theory of cognitive development that focused in the underlying process rather than the stage of development John Dewey- was an American philosopher and educator All of these individuals were influential in the evolution of this learning theory .
  6. 6.  Jean Piaget had a big influence on constructivism Made observations that children construct new knowledge as they move through different cognitive stages. There are four cognitive stages:- Sensorimotor: learn through sensory and motor activities- Peroperational : begin to use symbols ,images, and pretend play- Concrete operational: begin to think logically, and learn facts- Formal operational: abstract thinking and reasoning develops
  7. 7.  Teachers encourage students to constantly assess how the activity is helping them gain understanding by questioning themselves and their strategies. Teachers help students to construct knowledge rather than to reproduce a series of facts. Students become "expert learners," because their knowledge of tools continue to broaden tool, they learn to learn. Guided by the teacher, students construct their knowledge actively rather than just mechanically ingesting knowledge from the teacher or the textbook.
  8. 8.  Students will continuously reflect on their experiences. They begin to develop increasingly strong abilities to integrate new information. One of the teachers main roles becomes to encourage this learning and reflection process. Problem-solving and inquiry-based learning activities are seen in the construcitvism classroom . This allows students to formulate and test their ideas in a collaborative learning environment. The student becomes an active participant in the learning process versus a passive recipient of information.
  9. 9.  In my classroom I would apply this learning theory by having activities that promotes both group collaboration and individual creativity. Each activity will be followed by a reflection statement to see what the student gained from the information. Problem-solving tasks would be utilized to really get the “wheels” turning in the child’s mind.
  10. 10.  The children would also participate in more hands-on tasks versus always having just traditional lectures. I think also having very sensory components to be used can assist with the child gathering the information. I would use teaching ideas such as whole language, fuzzy math, and invented spelling. I would make sure when implementing this learning theory to have the environment structured because having activities that emphasis on students self-esteem versus self-discipline can lead to disciplinary concerns if not implemented properly
  11. 11.  http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2cl ass/constructivism/lp_elem1.html http://www.illinoisloop.org/whatswrong.html http://faculty.frostburg.edu/mbradley/psyog raphy/piaget.jpg (Image) Clip art images within powerpoint

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