CZ09 Sea Grant presentations

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CZ09 Sea Grant presentations

  1. 1. Local Decision Maker: A Web-based Decision System for Comprehensive Planning Coastal Zone 09 Boston, MA July 20, 2009 Robert McCormick
  2. 2. Our Mission ... to assist Indiana communities in making informed and integrated land use and economic development decisions. Local Decision Maker: A Web- based Decision System for Comprehensive Planning
  3. 3. LDM Foundation Ag. Others Econ. Ext. AgIT FNR ABE
  4. 4. Comprehensive Plan “… multiyear process in Definition: which planners work closely with residents and other professionals to identify and describe community characteristics, articulate goals, and explore alternative plans for the future.” (The Practice of Local Government, C.J. Hoch and L.C. Dalton (eds.), 2000, pg. 24)
  5. 5. Planning Process
  6. 6. Objectives  Improve the development and implementation of comprehensive planning.  Integrate natural resources Expand  Integrate education  Incorporate GIS into this planning process.  Use the university’s research and outreach to assist a user in making a decision.  Implement a 4-6 click framework.
  7. 7. LDM – Two Parts
  8. 8. Inventory & Analysis
  9. 9. Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  10. 10. Land Use Inventory
  11. 11. Value-added: Analysis conducted in-house
  12. 12. Local Community Decision-maker Land Cover Change (1992-2003)
  13. 13. Sensitive areas This map indicates areas where development is illegal or highly This map indicates areas where development is illegal or highly  undesirable. undesirable.  • “Sensitive areas”areas” as defined by Indiana code (327 IAC 16-2-34)  “Sensitive as defined by Indiana code (327 IAC 16‐2‐34) are 300  foot buffers around streams, lakes, karst areas and 100 foot buffers  100 are 300 foot buffers around streams, lakes, karst areas and foot buffers around water wells. around water wells.   These buffer areas are especially susceptible to pollution from • These buffer areas are especially susceptible to pollution from human  activity and serve as a refuge for many plant and wildlife species.  wildlife human activity and serve as a refuge for many plant and species. • This data layer was created from the following data: NHD streams and   This data layer was created from the following data: lakes, National Wetland Inventory (NWI) wetlands, IGS karst areas, karst  springs (sinking areas), and water wells. NHD streams and lakes, National Wetland Inventory (NWI) wetlands, IGS karst areas, karst springs (sinking areas), and water wells.
  14. 14. Sensitive Areas Value-added analysis
  15. 15. Why are working lands, green  infrastructure, and open space important • Economic value of agriculture and forest products • Protects quality and supply of drinking water • Health benefits • Improve air quality and controls erosion • Minimizes infrastructure costs • Enhances property values and tax revenues • Attracts business and boosts tourism • Preserves community character and quality of life • Provides recreational opportunities • Expands non-motorized transportation network • Wildlife habitat • Natural Flood control
  16. 16. • Impervious surfaces by 14‐digit watershed • This map illustrates the percentage of impervious surface cover in each 14 digit watershed. • Impervious surfaces are hard surfaces that do not allow water to percolate into the soil including roads, roofs, parking lots, and factories. • Research has shown that watersheds with < 10% impervious cover (green) have aquatic ecosystems in their streams fairly intact. • Watersheds with 10%-25% cover (yellow) usually have impacted streams. • Watersheds with greater than 25% impervious surfaces (red) generally have degraded streams. • Concentrating future development in high density areas and implementing standard storm water and conservation design BMP’s in all areas will reduce the impact of development on streams in your community.
  17. 17. Local Community Decision-maker Impervious Surfaces Map
  18. 18. Wrap-up  Map service built into LDM is extremely powerful.  All you need is a computer and an internet connection.  Our integration of Phase 1 (Inventory/Analysis) and the map service is well underway.  Other parts of the decision system planned over the next 2 to 3 years.  We need feedback!!!
  19. 19. Local Decision Maker www.purdue.edu/ldm
  20. 20. Ten Principles of Smart Growth 1. Mixed Land Uses 2. Compact Building Design 3. Increase Housing Choice 4. Encourage Walking 5. Create a Sense of Place 6. Protect Farms, Unique Natural Features, Open Spaces, Environmentally Sensitive Areas 7. Direct Development to Existing Communities 8. Offer Transportation Variety 9. Make Development Process Fair, Predictable, Efficient 10. Involve Community Stakeholders Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  21. 21. 1. Mix Land Uses  Allow mixed use options with zoning ordinances  Zone areas by building type, not by building use only  Convert abandoned malls to mixed use  Provide financial incentives for mixed use projects  Protects water quality and natural resources  Health and quality of life Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  22. 22. 2. Compact Building Design  Talk about Design not Density  Protecting Water Quality and Minimize runoff (minimizes impervious surfaces)  Balance street type and building scale  Ensure ready access to open space  Ensure privacy with yard designs  Health and quality of life Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  23. 23. 4. Encourage Walking  Connect neighborhoods with pathways  Sidewalks alone will not be enough  Put conveniences near homes  Make walking safe (crosswalks, traffic calming, speed bumps, islands)  Connect shopping areas with pathways  Health and quality of life Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  24. 24. 7 . Protect Farms, Unique Natural Features, Open Spaces  Inventory special places and make plans to protect them  Improves water quality and minimizes runoff  Establish zoning to encourage clustering  Protect farmland and open lands with PDR/TDR  Work with land trusts  Connect greenways Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  25. 25. 6. Create Sense of Place  Protect and preserve what is unique to the area  Plant trees, protect older trees during construction, leave open spaces, preserve scenic vistas  Allow sidewalk vending, dining, kiosks, etc.  Create opportunities for community interaction Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  26. 26. Porter County Smart Growth Project  EPA/NOAA/National Sea Grant Smart Growth Technical Assistance Grant  November 14 and 15, 2006 Two day intensive Design Charrette and Workshop to develop TND Design Manual for Porter County The workshop is one of the three national projects awarded through NOAA, the National Sea Grant Office, and US EPA to provide technical assistance to local communities on smart growth, land use planning, and the protection of natural resources. Traditional Neighborhood Design (TND) developments feature compact, mixed use, walkable designs that incorporate residential, commercial, work, and recreational environments together while preserving open space and natural areas. Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  27. 27. Purdue University is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access institution.
  28. 28. Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change A new book released in April 2008 by Reid Ewing, University of Maryland – Center for Smart Growth and others. (Following are direct quotes from this book) Transportation accounts for a full third of CO2 emissions in the United States. Transportation CO2 reduction can be viewed as a three-legged stool, with one leg related to vehicle fuel efficiency, a second to the carbon content of the fuel itself, and a third to the amount of driving or vehicle miles traveled (VMT).
  29. 29. Climate Change and Smart Growth  California Climate Action Program  Land use component in transportation and land use decisions affecting emissions which contribute to CO2 and greenhouse gases  California’s landmark Global Warming Act of 2006 – AB 32- sets CO2 and California “greenhouse gas” emissions limit at 1990 levels  New Partners for Smart Growth Conference in January 2009 featured a number of climate experts on the program
  30. 30. Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change  . . . if sprawling development continues to fuel growth in driving, the projected 59% increase in the total miles driven between 2005 and 2030 will overwhelm expected gains from vehicle efficiency and low-carbon fuels.  Households without children will account for close to 90% of new housing demand, and single-person households will account for a one-third.
  31. 31. Contact Information For more information on Local Decision Maker and Planning with POWER or to schedule a program contact: Bob McCormick rmccormi@purdue.edu (765) 494-3627 195 Marsteller Forestry and Natural Resources West Lafayette, IN 47907 Fax: 765-496-2422 www.planningwithpower.org

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