<ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>vs.  </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PAST </li></ul>
<ul><li>We use the  Present Perfect  to talk about a past experience. (no definition of time) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I have...
<ul><li>We use the  Past Simple  to talk about a specific time in the past. (definition of time) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I w...
Right or wrong? <ul><li>I’ve bought a new car last week. </li></ul><ul><li>I bought a new car. Do you want to see it? </li...
ANSWERS <ul><li>I  bought  a new car last week. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve bought  a new car. Do you want to see it? </li></ul...
Time expressions + past simple <ul><li>I did it  in  1999 </li></ul><ul><li>last week/ last year… </li></ul><ul><li>two mo...
Time expressions + present perfect  <ul><li>There are two time expressions that are accepted with the present perfect.  </...
For or Since <ul><li>We use  FOR  to indicate a  period of time : for seven years, for ages, for a couple of days, for a y...
Choose a preposition  <ul><li>Mary has lived in Barcelona _______ 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have loved each other _...
ANSWERS <ul><li>Mary has lived in Barcelona  for  20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have loved each other  since  the day t...
For  can be used with both past simple and present perfect <ul><li>Ex. I worked on that project for 3 years. (I don’t work...
Since can  only  be used with the present perfect <ul><li>   I’ve known him since we were little. </li></ul><ul><li>   W...
Correction <ul><li>We’ve been  divorced since 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>We divorced  in  1998. </li></ul>
What are the missing prepositions? <ul><li>I’ve known her ______ years. </li></ul><ul><li>I met my wife _____ 1995. </li><...
ANSWERS <ul><li>I’ve known her  for   years. </li></ul><ul><li>I met my wife  in  1995. </li></ul><ul><li>I last went to t...
Work by Graziela Peleteiro, visit  http://englishlessons.com.br This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution...
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Present perfect-x-simple-past

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Present perfect-x-simple-past

  1. 1. <ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>SIMPLE PAST </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>We use the Present Perfect to talk about a past experience. (no definition of time) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I have been to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The action can continue to the present. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. She has lived in Paris for 20 years ( She still lives there ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>We use the Past Simple to talk about a specific time in the past. (definition of time) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: I went to the United States last year. </li></ul><ul><li>The action is finished </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. I lived in Paris for a year ( I don’t live in Paris now ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Right or wrong? <ul><li>I’ve bought a new car last week. </li></ul><ul><li>I bought a new car. Do you want to see it? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve had a toast this morning. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lost my key! </li></ul>
  5. 5. ANSWERS <ul><li>I bought a new car last week. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve bought a new car. Do you want to see it? </li></ul><ul><li>I had a toast this morning. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lost my key! (correct) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Time expressions + past simple <ul><li>I did it in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>last week/ last year… </li></ul><ul><li>two months ago </li></ul><ul><li>on March 22. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Time expressions + present perfect <ul><li>There are two time expressions that are accepted with the present perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve worked here for 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>since 1995. </li></ul>
  8. 8. For or Since <ul><li>We use FOR to indicate a period of time : for seven years, for ages, for a couple of days, for a year. </li></ul><ul><li>We use SINCE to indicate the exact moment a long action in the past started: since 1998, since I was a student, since I left university, since my husband died. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Choose a preposition <ul><li>Mary has lived in Barcelona _______ 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have loved each other _______ the day they met. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve known Alice ______ six years. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve had this coat ________ I was a student. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ANSWERS <ul><li>Mary has lived in Barcelona for 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have loved each other since the day they met. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve known Alice for six years. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve had this coat since I was a student. </li></ul>
  11. 11. For can be used with both past simple and present perfect <ul><li>Ex. I worked on that project for 3 years. (I don’t work on that project anymore) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. I’ve worked on that project for 3 years. (I’m still working on that project now) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Since can only be used with the present perfect <ul><li> I’ve known him since we were little. </li></ul><ul><li> We divorced since 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you correct the second sentence? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Correction <ul><li>We’ve been divorced since 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>We divorced in 1998. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What are the missing prepositions? <ul><li>I’ve known her ______ years. </li></ul><ul><li>I met my wife _____ 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>I last went to the cinema two weeks ______ </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t been to the cinema ______ two weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lived in Barcelona _______ 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lived in Barcelona _______ four years. </li></ul>
  15. 15. ANSWERS <ul><li>I’ve known her for years. </li></ul><ul><li>I met my wife in 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>I last went to the cinema two weeks ago </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t been to the cinema for two weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lived in Barcelona since 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve lived in Barcelona for five years. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Work by Graziela Peleteiro, visit http://englishlessons.com.br This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Brazil License.

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