Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Like this? Share it with your network

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 710 597 71 41 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. CONTRAST WORDS: When we want to make two points, and emphasize that one of them contrasts with the other, there are a number of different words and expressions that we can use.
  • 2.
    • Probably the most common and simplest word to use is
    • the conjunction but .
    • It comes between the two clauses that you wish to contrast:
    I don't like most sweet food, but I love chocolate.   The team was beaten, but Paul scored three goals.  
  • 3.
    • Although is also a conjunction, and can come either
    • at the beginning of a sentence, or between the two clauses that you wish to contrast:
    • Though can be used in exactly the same way,
    • and is more common in informal speech :
    They went on a picnic although it was raining.   Although it was raining, they went on a picnic.     Though /Although it was raining, they went on a picnic. They went on a picnic though/ although it was raining.  
  • 4.
    • Even though has the same meaning as although, but the word ‘even’ stresses that what follows is surprising :
        Even though he's almost ninety, he's entered the marathon.  
  • 5.
    • Though can also be used as an adverb, to mean however (see below).
    • This use is very similar to ‘però’ in Catalan
    "Strange place, isn't it?" "Yes. Very interesting, though ."   Frogs, though , are amphibians and not reptiles.  
  • 6. However and nevertheless emphasize the fact that the second thing that you are saying contrasts with the first. Nevertheless is more formal . However and Nevertheless are always followed by a COMMA The government vowed to reduce inflation. Nevertheless , one year later, the rate has increased by 3 percent.   The children had a lovely day. However , they arrived home very sunburnt.  
  • 7. In spite of + noun is very similar to although + clause In spite of and despite can be followed by an -ing form. We can also use despite + noun in the same way as in spite of in more formal English: He went to the gym in spite of his broken leg (= although he had a broken leg )   He looks very fit in spite of his age (= although he's very old )   In spite of not being able to swim, she survived for almost an hour in the sea. We went to the party despite being tired .   We went to the party despite the rain .  
  • 8.
    • The main difference between ALTHOUGH and DESPITE or IN SPITE OF is that:
    • ALTHOUGH is followed by SUBJECT + VERB
    • Although he is tired he is going to finish the report.
    • DESPITE and IN SPITE OF are followed by a NOUN or a VERB in –ING FORM
    • He is going to finish the report despite being tired.
    • He is going to sinish the report in spite of being tired .