National pop policy.................ppt (2)

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National pop policy.................ppt (2)

  1. 1. NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY
  2. 2. PRESENTED TO: Mrs. Kalpna mandal Lecturer cum vice Principal (NIN)PRESENTED BY: Monika Sharma Student(NIN)
  3. 3. What is a Policy? Set of Ideas or Plans that is used as a basis for decision making; actions of an organization regarding a particular issue; General Statement of understanding which guide decision making.
  4. 4. CONT…. It is more than mere statement of goals: How the stated goals can be achieved? Who will carry out the tasks? In what manner?
  5. 5. Policies related to Health SectorNational Health PolicyNutrition PolicyWomen PolicyTraining PolicyPopulation Policy
  6. 6. What is Population Policy? Measures formulated by Government which may influence the size, distribution or composition of human population (Driver,1972). A deliberate effort by a national government to influence the demographic variables like fertility, mortality and migration (Organski & Organski,1961)
  7. 7. National Population Policy -Milestones  1946- Bhore Committee Report  1952- Family Planning Programme  1976- draft of National Population Policy was prepared  1977- Policy Statement of Family Welfare Programme
  8. 8. Cont……… 1983- national health policy emphasized the need 1991- national development council appointed a committee
  9. 9. Cont……… 1993- dr. swaminathan group prepared a draft and discussed by cabinet but because of political reasons it was never presented before parliament 1998- another draft prepared by group of experts and approved by cabnet and then presented before the parliament and then approved in 15feb,2000
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES The immediate objective:to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.
  11. 11. Cont….The medium-term objective: to bring the TFR toreplacement levels by 2010, through vigorousimplementation of inter- sectoral operational strategies.
  12. 12. Cont….The long-term objective: is to achieve a stablepopulation by 2045, at a level consistent with therequirements of sustainable economic growth, socialdevelopment, and environmental protection
  13. 13. Address the unmet needs for basic reproductive and childhealth services, supplies and infrastructure.Make school education up to age 14, free and compulsory,and reduce drop outs at primary and secondary school levels tobelow 20% for both girls and boysReduce infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 livebirths.
  14. 14.  Reduce maternal mortality ratio to below 100 per 100,000live births.Achieve universal immunization of children against allvaccine preventable diseases.Promote delayed marriage for girls, not earlier than age 18and preferably after 20 years of age.
  15. 15. Achieve 80 percent institutional deliveries and 100 percentdeliveries by trained persons.Achieve universal access to information/ counseling, andservices for fertility regulation and contraception with a widebasket of choices.Achieve 100 per cent registration of births, deaths, marriageand pregnancy.
  16. 16. Prevent and control communicable diseases.Integrate Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) in theprovision of reproductive and child health services, and inreaching out to households.
  17. 17. Promote vigorously the small family norm to achievereplacement levels of TFR.
  18. 18. Decentralised Planning and Programme ImplementationConvergence of Service Delivery at Village LevelsEmpowering Women for Improved Health and Nutrition Child Health and SurvivalMeeting the Unmet Needs for Family Welfare Services
  19. 19. Under-Served Population GroupsDiverse Health Care Providers
  20. 20. CONT…Collaboration With and Commitments from Non-Government Organisations and the Private SectorMainstreaming Indian Systems of Medicine andHomeopathy
  21. 21.  Contraceptive Technology and Research onReproductive and Child Health Information, Education, and Communication
  22. 22. Panchayats and Zila Parishads :universalising the small family norm, achieving reductions in infant mortality and birth rates,promoting literacy with completion of primary schooling.The Balika Samridhi Yojana : to promote survival and care of the girl child, A cash incentive of Rs. 500 is awarded at the birth of the girl child .
  23. 23.  Maternity Benefit Scheme (5oo if child after 19 yrs of age)A Family Welfare-linked Health Insurance plan: A couplehaving 2 children, below poverty line and are undergoing sterlizationwill become eligible for health insurance of rs. 5000 for hospitalization.Crèches and child care centres are opened: To promoteparticipation of women for paid employment. choice of contraceptives (counseling services )
  24. 24. Facilities for safe abortionvocational training schemes for girls,Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1976.Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994.
  25. 25. Socio-cultural barriersNon availability and less utilization of servicesTechnical problems involving the efficacy of various methodsLack of people awarenessNon effective communication systemHigh infant mortality rates
  26. 26. anticipated reduction in the birth, infant mortalityand total fertility rates by 2010:In 1997: CBR-27.2, IMR-71, TFR-3.3In 1998: CBR-26.6, IMR-72, TFR-3.3In 2002: CBR-23.0, IMR- 50, TFR-2.6In 2010: CBR-21.0, IMR-30, TFR-2.1
  27. 27. National population policyObjectivesSocio-demographic goalsStrategies to achieve those goalsPromotional and motivational measuresImpact of NPP-2000
  28. 28. Gulani k.k.community health nursing.2009(newdelhi):kumar publishing house.322-326Park k .preventive and social medicine. 2007(NewDelhi):banarsidas bhanot.http://populationcommission.nic.in/npp_intro.htm
  29. 29. THANK YOU

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