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  • 1. Child care from a global perspective: The Philippines Created By: Myra Miranda, Monica Pangan, Lisa Khan, Narmatha Sathiendra, and Sean Gazmin
  • 2. History of child care in the Philippines
    • Originated from Spanish
    • Unorganized preschool system
    • Christian doctrine started formally in grade one
    • In 1924, opening kindergarten at Harris Memorial School Manila pioneered preschool education
    • Kindergarten movement grew very well amongst the religious schools that were both Catholic and Protestant
    • In 1940, Bureau of Private Schools had authorized 129 kindergarten classes getting an enrollment of 6,449
    • First recognized course in kindergarten offered in the Philippines – Degree of Junior Teacher’s Certificate 
    • Growth of preschool education in Philippines is slow compared to other countries
    • 1956: Manila Health Department introduced the concept of modern preschool “play centers” in Manila
  • 3. Availability and accessibility of child care in The Philippines
    • Early Childhood Education law was established in 2000
    • The law needs the establishment of a National Coordinating Council for the welfare of children
    • All pre-schools need to have a permit in order to function and to register with the department of education
    • Child care options: center based, home-based, school-based, and clinic-based (available through public and private hospitals)
    • The National Pre-school Education ensures that all five year olds have the access to quality pre-school education
    • Most programs open Monday to Friday, there are 2-3 shifts of 3-4 hour sessions per age
    • There's no full-day kindergarten or nursery classes.
    • A day care that is working at the maximum takes care of 2 sets of children, one in the morning and the other in the afternoon.
    • Childcare programs usually run from 8-9 a.m. to 4-5 p.m
  • 4. Availability and accessibility of child care in Ontario, Canada
    • There are 2 kinds of childcare in Ontario, licensed and unlicensed
    • Licensed child care programs have to meet specific provincial standards, which can be found in the Day Nurseries Act
    • Home-based childcare which is provided in a caregivers home for infants, toddlers pre-school and school-aged children.
    • Centre-based childcare for infants, toddlers, pre-school and school-age children. They have nursery schools, full day care, extended day care and before and after school programs
    • School-aged child is designed for children ages 6-12 years, they spend most of their day at elementary school 
    • Programs that provide help in paying for child care:
    • Child care subsidy
    • Ontario Child Care Supplement for Working Families
    • Canada Child Tax Benefit
    • Universal Child Care Benefit
  • 5. Roles and Training of an Early Childhood Educator  In the Philippines
    • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) 
    • To work daycare in the Philippines you need to be a high school graduate between the ages of 18-45 preferably female. 
    • Helps with the development of the child in all 5 areas (social, emotional, physical, cognitive, and language) 
    • Provide a safe, fun, and learning environment for children
    • Helps with the development of reading, writing, rhythm, and math skills.
  • 6. Roles and Training of an Early Childhood Educator  In Ontario, Canada
    • ECE programs are funded by the government
    • Early Childhood Educators need a diploma in the ECE 2-year program and need to be a registered ECE. 
    • Helps with the development of the child in all 5 areas (social, emotional, physical, cognitive, and language) 
    • Provide a safe, fun, and learning environment for children
  • 7. Program Structure In the Philippines
    • There are 3 types of curriculum
    • The first type of curriculum is geared towards the traditional primary school, which is organized in terms of subject matter areas and focuses mainly on cognitive, literacy and numeracy skills.
    • The second curriculum is informal. Play-based and activity oriented that allows children to explore a variety of topics in random pattern. Designed to support physical, social, emotional, language, and cognitive development.
    • The third curriculum follows a similarly diverse and comprehensive pattern, to respond to all dimensions of child development.
  • 8. Program Structure In Ontario, Canada
    • In Ontario, each child care center runs a different way
    • They either follow the Montessori curriculum or the Reggio Emilio curriculum.
    • Reggio Emilio curriculum is more popular with child care centers in Ontario.
    • They teach the kids according to what they show interest in, rather than having a set lesson plan
  • 9. Prima Daycare
    • Hours of Operation:
    • Monday to Friday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm
    • Saturday 9:00 am to 3:00 pm.
    • Day Care Rates:
    • 1h: 320 Pesos
    • 2h: 550 Pesos
    • 5h: 1375 Pesos 10h: 2750 Pesos
    • 2h: 5500 Pesos 40h: 9000 Pesos All packages are consumable in six (6) months
    • Programs available at Prima Daycare:
    • -Play School Education -Tutorials for children aged 7-12 years old
    • -Parent & Caregiver Workshops -Summer Art Workshops
  • 10. Underlying Philosophy
    • At Prima Day Care they believe that every child has the drive to learn, that teachers are co-learners because they learn from the children as they teach the children. They believe that this constant cycle of learning unlocks the child’s potential. “The child is like a little scientist exploring and experimenting on his or her environment on a quest to find answers to his or her never-ending stream of questions.”
    • ( )
    • At Prima Day Care their “Mission and Vision” is: 
    • “ To help children see themselves as individuals and encourage them to continually express themselves in their own ways. 
    • To provide a safe environment and an orderly atmosphere. 
    • To teach concepts through structured and unstructured PLAY. 
    • To teach the child to become an independent and active thinker. 
    • To inculcate proper values and good habits. 
    • To monitor through teacher observations and security cameras, and to give constant feedback to the parents. 
    • To encourage family participation through varied activities. 
    • To enhance leadership qualities.”
    • ( )
  • 11. Bibliography
    • /
    • finding.html
    • http ://www . /theMinistry/Budget/Budget2011/Factsheets2011/ InvestmentInECE.aspx
    • http :// us.html
    • 1 attachment
    • http :// 147225e.pdf