ITIS NOT THEIR FAULT<br />MOST OF WHAT THEY LEARN <br />IT IS NOT THEIR FAULT<br />MAYBE <br />SOMETIMES<br />OUR STUDENTS...
Problem	Based	       Learning<br />WHAT IF OUR STUDENTS USE <br />CRITICAL THINKING <br />DISCUSS<br />RESEARCH<br />ALSO<...
Step 1 create a problem<br />Find a real life situation <br />Multiple solutions<br />Organize students in to teams<br />M...
Step 2 problem analysis<br />Students list known facts<br />Lists unknown facts<br />Research unknowns<br />
Step 3 test theories<br />Students must model the situations to test their theories<br />Students generate possible soluti...
Step 4 presenting<br />Students select the solution that fits best<br />Students present their solutions and methods<br />
Types of problem<br />Well structured<br />Ill structured problem<br />
Well-structured problem<br />Easy to define<br />All information provided<br />A single answer<br />Lack of motivation<br ...
Thinking frame<br />Read the problem<br />Record important information<br />Use pictures and diagrams if need<br />Decide ...
ILL-structured problem<br />Like real life<br />Not all information provided<br />Must be often redefined<br />Many soluti...
Teaching is problem solving<br />How can I teach this skill or concept?<br />How can I make this more interesting or stude...
Real problems in  curriculum<br />Social studies<br />Science<br />Math<br />Language & arts<br />Health<br />Physical edu...
PBL   Subject Based Learning<br />Vs<br />Learn it<br />Apply it<br />Give a problem to illustrate how to use it<br />Iden...
Redefining problems<br />how can we get tough on criminals and reduce crime?<br /><ul><li>What types of personal grow and ...
How can we create less expensive and more-green cars?
How can we stop global warming?</li></li></ul><li>PBL<br />Hands on  and students centered<br /><ul><li>Promotes teamwork
Promotes individualization
Motivates students to learn
Works on real life problems</li></li></ul><li>Problem solving strategies <br />Algorithm <br />Specific steps to come up w...
General problem solving strategy
There are two  types
Create Problem Solving (CPS)
Means End Analysis</li></li></ul><li>CPS thinking frame<br />Define problem<br /><ul><li>Generate as many solutions as pos...
Choose a solution that seems the best
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Problem based learning

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Problem based learning

  1. 1. ITIS NOT THEIR FAULT<br />MOST OF WHAT THEY LEARN <br />IT IS NOT THEIR FAULT<br />MAYBE <br />SOMETIMES<br />OUR STUDENTS FEEL BORED<br />SEEMS TO BE GONE BY THE END OF THE EXAM!!<br />IS IT WHAT WE TEACH THEM?<br />OR<br />IS IT THE WAY WE TEACH IT?<br />WHAT IS CAUSING STUDENTS<br />FEEL NOT-INVOLVED BY THE CLASS<br />WHAT IF WE DO SOMETHING<br />ABOUT IT<br />
  2. 2. Problem Based Learning<br />WHAT IF OUR STUDENTS USE <br />CRITICAL THINKING <br />DISCUSS<br />RESEARCH<br />ALSO<br />PROMOTING <br />TO THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX<br />BRAINSTORMING<br />PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS<br />TEAMWORK<br />AMONG OTHER SKILLS<br />RELEVANT TO SOLVE <br />REAL PROBLEMS IN LIFE<br />Problem BasedLearning<br />FOR LEARNING<br />INTRODUCING<br />
  3. 3. Step 1 create a problem<br />Find a real life situation <br />Multiple solutions<br />Organize students in to teams<br />Must raise students interest<br />
  4. 4. Step 2 problem analysis<br />Students list known facts<br />Lists unknown facts<br />Research unknowns<br />
  5. 5. Step 3 test theories<br />Students must model the situations to test their theories<br />Students generate possible solutions<br />
  6. 6. Step 4 presenting<br />Students select the solution that fits best<br />Students present their solutions and methods<br />
  7. 7. Types of problem<br />Well structured<br />Ill structured problem<br />
  8. 8. Well-structured problem<br />Easy to define<br />All information provided<br />A single answer<br />Lack of motivation<br />Not like a real life problem<br />More like the train A and the train B kind of a problem<br />
  9. 9. Thinking frame<br />Read the problem<br />Record important information<br />Use pictures and diagrams if need<br />Decide on the pictures<br />Solve<br />Check your answer<br />THE PROBLEM WITH THIS PROBLEM IS THAT DOES NOT MATCH REAL LIFE<br />
  10. 10. ILL-structured problem<br />Like real life<br />Not all information provided<br />Must be often redefined<br />Many solutions<br />Must be define and re-defined often<br />
  11. 11. Teaching is problem solving<br />How can I teach this skill or concept?<br />How can I make this more interesting or student-centered?<br />How can I best assess learning?<br />How can I incorporate this new strategy into my classroom?<br />How can I create a solution where students want to learn<br />
  12. 12. Real problems in curriculum<br />Social studies<br />Science<br />Math<br />Language & arts<br />Health<br />Physical education<br />the<br />
  13. 13. PBL Subject Based Learning<br />Vs<br />Learn it<br />Apply it<br />Give a problem to illustrate how to use it<br />Identify what<br /> we need to <br />know<br />START<br />START<br />Learn it<br />Problem posed<br />Told what we need to learn<br />
  14. 14. Redefining problems<br />how can we get tough on criminals and reduce crime?<br /><ul><li>What types of personal grow and empowerment programs, as well as education, employment and economic opportunities can we develop so people are less inclined to commit crime?</li></li></ul><li>Redefining problems<br />How can I get students in my class to be quiet and behave?<br /><ul><li>How can I do to create a curriculum that is interesting and relevant so students will want to be engaged and participate?</li></li></ul><li>Examples Ill-structured<br />of<br />How can we become less independent on foreign oil?<br /><ul><li>How can we create cheaper energy sources?
  15. 15. How can we create less expensive and more-green cars?
  16. 16. How can we stop global warming?</li></li></ul><li>PBL<br />Hands on and students centered<br /><ul><li>Promotes teamwork
  17. 17. Promotes individualization
  18. 18. Motivates students to learn
  19. 19. Works on real life problems</li></li></ul><li>Problem solving strategies <br />Algorithm <br />Specific steps to come up with one correct answer<br /><ul><li>Heuristic
  20. 20. General problem solving strategy
  21. 21. There are two types
  22. 22. Create Problem Solving (CPS)
  23. 23. Means End Analysis</li></li></ul><li>CPS thinking frame<br />Define problem<br /><ul><li>Generate as many solutions as possible
  24. 24. Choose a solution that seems the best
  25. 25. Elaborate and refine
  26. 26. Implement the solution
  27. 27. Review, evaluate and refine as necessary</li></li></ul><li>MEA thinking frame<br />Describe the current state<br /><ul><li>Describe the desired state
  28. 28. Generate a list of necessary steps to do</li></li></ul><li>Brainstorming<br />All ideas must be accepted<br /><ul><li>The goal is quantity
  29. 29. Freewheeling is celebrated</li></li></ul><li>Decision making<br />Evaluate decisions<br /><ul><li>Take into account all factors</li></li></ul><li>Inspired on Dr. Andrew <br />Minnesota state university, Mankato<br /><ul><li>johnson@mnsu.edu</li></ul>Check<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58NH8q8Gv14&feature=related<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7kizmJANu8&feature=related<br />
  30. 30. Dear colleagues<br />Questions?<br /><ul><li>Thanks a lot for your time</li>

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