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Types of speeches

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  • 1. Types of Speeches
    • the principle purpose of a speech will generally fall into four basic types
  • 2.
    • Informative
    • Persuasive
    • Entertaining
    • technical
  • 3. Informative speech
    • In an informative speech you
    • Explain something to people
    • Help people to understand something
    • Show them how to do something
  • 4. Points to remember
    • You have to remember that the whole purpose of your speech is to teach the audience something that they don't already know.
    • The audience need time to take in what you've said.
    • If you speak too quickly your audience will be trying to understand one sentence while you're speaking the next sentence!
  • 5. Examples
    • The speech given by the head of an organization
    • A computer programmer speaking about new software
    • A travelogue about the tour
    • A teacher telling students about something
  • 6. Persuasive speech
    • The persuasive speech is
    • To sell an audience on an idea
    • To promote a specific product
    • To convince someone to take action
    • You want them To think, act and believe in what you want them to
  • 7. Points to remember
    • Make use of graphs and supporting documentation
    • Present some facts and figures but make sure that they're accurate and that they support your point of view.
    • If there have been similar problems you can tell your audience how they were solved.
    • Try to make it personal to your listeners, if it's going to effect their family, home or job they will start to take notice.
  • 8. Examples
    • Improve your health through better eating
    • Television violence is negatively influencing our children
    • Become a volunteer and change the world
  • 9. Entertaining speech
    • Entertaining speeches are
    • Usually short
    • Giving the audience an enjoyable experience
    • Leave the audience with a favorable impression not only of himself or herself, but also of the organization
    • To amuse through humors, stories or illustrations
  • 10. Purpose of entertaining speech
    • Crowd pleaser
    • Get promotion
    • Hold attention
  • 11. Points to remember
    • The speech still must make a valid point or argument, but it can be done using humor
    • A speech to entertain may be either informative or persuasive in nature, but the supporting materials are selected primarily based on their entertainment value.
  • 12. Examples
    • After dinner speech
    • Comic monologues
  • 13. Technical speech
    • The technical speech involves
    • Visuals and printed handouts
    • Even videotape
    • This is informative
  • 14. Points to remember
    • This is informative but goes beyond simple information.
    • It may be a presentation to peers at a professional meeting
    • May be an official presentation to a group such as regulatory body
  • 15. Brief remarks
    • It is actually the category of the speech, which are given on special occasions as expression of thanks, welcome or acceptance.
  • 16.
    • They are not scripted. Speaker give the remarks in his or her own words. But if it is a highly official function, it is better to use a script.
  • 17. Planning for speech
    • A proper planning is required before a speech
    • Choose the topic
    • Do some research
    • Remember the information you are going to provide to your audience should be new and valuable
    • The information should be accurate
  • 18. 4P’s for planning . plan . prepare . practice . present
  • 19. Guidelines for planning
    • Purpose of the speech
    • Decide what you wish to speak about
    • Do you wish to:
    • Instruct and inform
    • Convince, persuade, influence or motivate
    • Amuse and entertain
    • What are the objectives of your speech
    • Know your audience
  • 20. Paring
    • If you have done your research well, you will have many more ideas that you can introduce in a single speech. Begin paring. Select the three most important ideas you want people in the audience to carry away with them.
  • 21.
    • You should
    • Repeat the ideas
    • Introduce the audience in a logical sequence
    • Using relationships that aid retention
    • Use anecdotes
  • 22. Persuading
    • Logical proof
    • Emotional appeal
    • Give reasons
  • 23. Mechanics of organization
    • Start with a title
    • Write down the purpose
    • List the ideas you want the audience to retain
    • Write a conclusion
  • 24.
    • Thank you!!!!

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