Fire Prevention

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Fire Prevention

  1. 1. Fire Perevention Fire Prevention Pg. 1
  2. 2.  It is a function of many fire departments.  It is a proactive method of reducing emergencies and the damage caused by them. Fire Prevention Pg. 2
  3. 3. The goal of fire prevention is to educate the public to take precautions to prevent potentially harmful fires, and be educated about surviving them. GoalFire PereventionPrevention of Fire Pg. 3
  4. 4. A fire naturally occurs when the elements are present and combined in the right mixture Fire Perevention Fire Prevention Pg. 4
  5. 5. Fuels are materials that burn. The higher the temperature, the easier and quicker they burn. Common fuels include:  Solvents such as acetone, alcohols, and toluene.  Gases such as acetylene and propane.  Solids such as wood and paper. Fire Prevention: Fuel Pg. 5
  6. 6. Oxygen or other substances capable of releasing oxygen to a fire. Common oxidizers include:  Acids, especially nitric and perchloric acids chlorine dioxide.  Others such as potassium permanganate and potassium chlorate. Fire Prevention: Oxidizers Pg. 6
  7. 7. An ignition source can be:  A Spark  Static electricity  Arcs from electrical equipment, faulty or otherwise  A lit cigarette  A hot light bulb Fire Prevention: Ignition Pg. 7
  8. 8. Students Students are often the primary target of fire prevention. Firefighters will visit schools and teach students the basics of fire prevention. Workshops should be conducted in schools for educating students for the effects of fires and how to deal with it. Fire Prevention: Target Audience Pg. 8
  9. 9. Adults It is important that 'adults' also know the basics of fire prevention. Teaching children and maintaining safe environments at work and home are essential to preventing dangerous emergencies. Fire Prevention: Target Audience Pg. 9
  10. 10. Senior citizens Along with young children, seniors have been identified as an "at risk" group, especially in hazardous situations. It is important that seniors have pre-planned their escape routes and have access to emergency exits, for example. Fire Prevention: Target Audience Pg. 10
  11. 11. An ignition source can be:  A Spark  Static electricity  Arcs from electrical equipment, faulty or otherwise  A lit cigarette  A hot light bulb Fire Prevention: Ignition Pg. 11
  12. 12. Stop, drop and roll If one's clothing catches on fire, the most effective method of extinguishing the fire is to stop, drop to the ground, and roll back and forth to smother the flame. Running around will simply fan the flames. Fire Prevention: Lesson Pg. 12
  13. 13. Get out and stay out Each year, many people are injured or killed because they reenter their burning homes. If you are lucky enough to have escaped, stay out. Fire Prevention: Lesson Pg. 13
  14. 14. Firefighters are your friends One of the most critical jobs of a firefighter is search and rescue. For young children, it is important that firefighters are seen as people they can follow and trust. Fire Prevention: Lesson Pg. 14
  15. 15. Stop, drop and roll If one's clothing catches on fire, the most effective method of extinguishing the fire is to stop, drop to the ground, and roll back and forth to smother the flame. Running around will simply fan the flames. Fire Prevention: Lesson Pg. 15
  16. 16. Smoke Detector It is a device that detects smoke, typically as an indicator of fire. Commercial, industrial, and mass residential devices issue a signal to a fire alarm system, while household detectors, known as smoke alarms, generally issue a local audible or visual alarm from the detector itself. Fire Prevention: Smoke Detector Pg. 16
  17. 17. Smoke Detector Fire Prevention: Smoke Detector Pg. 17
  18. 18. Maintenance of Smoke Detector The most common cause of smoke detector failure is missing or disconnected batteries. Nuisance alarms are the most common reason for deliberately disconnecting batteries. Missing, disconnected, or dead batteries account for 73% of smoke detector failures. There are more homes with no working smoke detectors than there are homes without any smoke detectors at all. There are millions of homes in each category. Fire Prevention: Maintenance of Smoke Detector Pg. 18
  19. 19. Maintenance of Smoke Detector Smoke detectors should be installed on every level of your home. Change your batteries twice a year. Clean your detectors also. Replace the entire unit every ten years. Disconnecting your batteries, for any reason, is dangerous and illegal. Fire Prevention: Maintenance of Smoke Detector Pg. 19
  20. 20. Prevention  Electrical Improper use of extension cords is prohibited. Always plug extension cords and power strips directly into building wiring – no “daisy chaining”. Use heavy-duty, grounded, single appliance extension cords only. Light/medium duty “zip” cords are prohibited. Fire Prevention: Prevention Pg. 20
  21. 21. Prevention  Electrical Multiple plug adapters are prohibited. Have additional wall outlets installed. Use power strips with breaker protection instead. Fire Prevention: Prevention Pg. 21
  22. 22. Flammable and Combustible Materials If a spill occurs: Limit spread by diking with suitable absorbent material. Minimize vapors by covering surface of spill with same absorbent material. Notify supervisor immediately. Call 911 to summon Fire Department if necessary. Contact EHSS for assistance and guidance. Ensure all sources of ignition are off or controlled. Begin cleanup right away. Fire Prevention: Flammable & Combustible Mats. Pg. 22
  23. 23. Flammable and Combustible Materials Keep away those possible, substitute flammable materials with safer, less/non flammable, non-toxic materials. Fire Prevention: Flammable & Combustible Mats. Pg. 23
  24. 24. Flammable and Combustible Materials Some flammable liquids, such as xylene, toluene, benzene, and gasoline have a tendency to accumulate a static electric charge, which can release a spark that ignites the liquid. Always bond metal dispensing and receiving containers together before pouring. Fire Prevention: Flammable & Combustible Mats. Pg. 24
  25. 25. Fire Protection Systems Fire extinguishers can play an important role in the fire protection program. How successfully they can function, however, depends upon the following conditions having been met: Extinguisher is properly located, is the proper type for the fire, and is in working order. The fire is discovered while still small enough to be extinguished, and someone is ready, willing, and able to use the extinguisher. Fire Prevention: Fire Pg. 25
  26. 26. Fire Prevention Week Fire Prevention Week is observed in the United States in October. Happens in every month of October. Many fire departments observe "Fire Prevention Month" for all of October. Fire departments may visit schools, hang banners, give firehouse tours or hold open houses. Fire Prevention: Fire Prevention Month Pg. 26
  27. 27. Fire Emergency Training Inform employees of the following: Fire hazards in their work area. Protection measures specific to them. Fire Prevention Plan requirements. Fire Prevention: Fire Emergency Training Pg. 27

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