Many adjectives ending in ‘-ing’describe the effect that somethinghas on someones feelings.Some adjectives ending in ‘-ing’describe a process or state thatcontinues over a period of time.Many adjectives ending in ‘-ed’describe peoples feelings.
You use some ‘-ing’ adjectives to describesomething that continues over a period of time Ageing Booming Decreasing Dying Existing Increasing Living Remaining
Many ‘-ed’ adjectives describe peoples feelings. They have the same form as the past participle of a transitive verb and have a passive meaning. For example, ‘a frightened person’ is a person who has been frightened by something.
PRESENT PERFECT We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc
PRESENT PAST SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE DO DID DONE TO BE WAS /WERE BEEN MAKE MADE MADE LIVE LIVED LIVED SEE SAW SEEN RUN RAN RAN DRINK DRANK DRUNK WALK WALKED WALKEDLISTEN LISTENED LISTENED TALK TALKED TALKED SPEAK SPOKE SPOKEN HAVE HAD HADWRITE WROTE WRITTEN READ READ READWATCH WATCHED WATCHED GO WENT GONE EAT ATE EATEN
The structure: I have been in Paris. Subject + have + verb in past participle + complement For I, you, they and we the auxiliary verb is HAVE. For He, she and it the auxiliary verb is HAS
For questions Have you been in Paris? Have / Has + subject + verb in past participle + complement Has she been in Paris?R/ = Yes, I have been in Paris. Yes, she has been in Paris.
Contractions HAVE NOT = HAVEN’T HAS NOT = HASN’T I HAVE = I’VE YOU HAVE = YOU’VE SHE HAS = SHE’S HE HAS = HE’S IT HAS = IT’S THEY HAVE = THEY’VE WE HAVE = WE’VE
More contractions I HAVE NOT = I’VE NOT = I HAVEN’T YOU HAVE NOT =YOU’VE NOT = YOU HAVEN’T SHE HAS NOT = SHE’S NOT = SHE HASN’T HE HAS NOT = HE’S NOT = HE HASN’T IT HAS NOT = IT’S NOT = IT HASN’TTHEY HAVE NOT = THEY’VE NOT = THEY HAVEN’T WE HAVE NOT = WE’VE NOT = WE HAVEN’T
PRACTICE!!!! CREATE A SENTENCE WITH THE FOLLOWING: I / SEE / EL DIARIO DEL OTUN SHE / READ / THE BOOK IT / TO BE / DO WE / EAT / ALREADY YOU EVER / SEE / THAT MOVIE ? THEY / DRINK / THE SODA YET? YOU / READ / THE BOOK YET? SHE / GO / TO YOUR HOUSE YET? I / NOT DO / MY HOMEWORK.