Tertiary resources


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  • Tertiary resources

    1. 1. <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of data & concepts drawn from primary literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference books, drug monograph collections, review articles </li></ul></ul>Tertiary Literature:
    2. 2. <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient & easy to use. Information is well established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information may be dated due to gap between when resource is written & published </li></ul></ul>Tertiary Literature:
    3. 3. <ul><li>When to use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you need to find background information or a quick answer </li></ul></ul>Tertiary Literature:
    4. 4. Evaluation of Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Does the author have appropriate experience/expertise to publish in this area? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information likely to be timely based on publication date? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information supported by appropriate citations? </li></ul>
    5. 5. How to Identify Tertiary Sources!!! <ul><li>Author(s) or Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Edition number </li></ul><ul><li>Location of publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Year </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN </li></ul>
    6. 6. Title Edition Authors Publisher
    7. 8. Publisher location Years of publishing ISBN
    8. 10. International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
    9. 11. International Standard Book Number (ISBN) <ul><li>http:// www.isbn.org/standards/home/isbn/us/isbnqa.asp </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN-10 ( www.isbn.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN-13 ( www.isbn.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>ISSN (International Standard Serial Number – for periodical publications including electronic serials) ( www.issn.org ) </li></ul>
    10. 12. Examples on Tertiary Literature Comprehensive pharmacy review Advice for the Patient: Drug Information in Lay Language (Usp Di Vol II: Advice for the Patient)
    11. 13. Examples on Tertiary Literature Major compendia Handbook of clinical drug data Handbook of non prescription drugs Clinical pharmacology General product information Meyler’s side effects of drugs Drug therapy monitoring system Major compendia Adverse effects Red book American drug index Major compendia Availability of dosage forms
    12. 14. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Remington: the science & practice of pharmacy </li></ul><ul><li>Merck index </li></ul><ul><li>A practical guide to contemporary pharmacy practice </li></ul><ul><li>USP/NF </li></ul><ul><li>Allen’s compounded formulations </li></ul><ul><li>Martindale: the complete drug reference </li></ul><ul><li>Extemporaneous Formulations, </li></ul><ul><li>Ansel's Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems, </li></ul><ul><li>The Art, Science and Technology of Pharmaceutical Compounding </li></ul>Compounding
    13. 15. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Natural Medicine Comprehensive Database </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Natural Products </li></ul><ul><li>Professional's Handbook of Complementary and Alternative Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs </li></ul><ul><li>PDR for Herbal Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal Medicines: A Guide for Health Care Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>AltMedDex </li></ul>Dietary supplement
    14. 16. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Major compendia </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Prescribing in Renal Failure   </li></ul>Dosage recommendations (general and organ impairment)
    15. 17. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Hansten and Horn's Drug Interaction Analysis and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Interaction Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Stockley's Drug Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>DRUG-REAX </li></ul><ul><li>Major compendia </li></ul>Drug interactions
    16. 18. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Basic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Test Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures   </li></ul>Drug-laboratory interference
    17. 19. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs for Pregnant and Lactating Women </li></ul><ul><li>Medications and Mothers' Milk: A Manual of Lactational Pharmacology </li></ul><ul><li>REPRORISK </li></ul><ul><li>Major compendia  </li></ul>Drugs in pregnancy & in lactation
    18. 20. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Index Nominum </li></ul><ul><li>DRUGDEX® </li></ul><ul><li>European Drug Index </li></ul><ul><li>Internet search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Specific country resources </li></ul>Foreign Drug Identification <ul><li>Geriatric Dosage Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>The Merck Manual of Geriatrics </li></ul><ul><li>Major compendia  </li></ul>Geriatric Dosage Recommendations
    19. 21. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>IDENTIDEX® </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Pharmacology </li></ul><ul><li>Ident-a-Drug </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Reference Library </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Facts and Comparisons  </li></ul>Identification of product by description of dosage form
    20. 22. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>FDA website </li></ul><ul><li>Clinicaltrials.gov </li></ul><ul><li>MedlinePlus </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturer websites   </li></ul>Investigational drug information
    21. 23. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Handbook of Injectable Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>King Guide to Parenteral Admixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Trissel's Stability of Compounded Formulations </li></ul><ul><li>Extended Stability for Parenteral Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy </li></ul>Incompatibility/ stability
    22. 24. Examples on Tertiary Literature Major compendia Method/rate of administration <ul><li>The Harriet Lane Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatric Dosage Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Neofax </li></ul><ul><li>Major compendia  </li></ul>Pediatric dosage recommendations
    23. 25. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Clinical Pharmacokinetics </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics: Principles of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Clinical Pharmacokinetics </li></ul><ul><li>Major compendia  </li></ul>Pharmacokinetics
    24. 26. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Goodman & Gilman's: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics </li></ul><ul><li>Basic & Clinical Pharmacology </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of Pharmacology  </li></ul>Pharmacology <ul><li>Reference to Syndicate of Pharmacists </li></ul>Pharmacy law
    25. 27. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Price-Chek PC </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Topics Red Book </li></ul>Price <ul><li>Pharmacokinetic texts above and major compendia </li></ul>Serum or urine therapeutic levels
    26. 28. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Therapeutics </li></ul><ul><li>The Merck Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Cecil's Textbook of Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook of Therapeutics </li></ul><ul><li>Conn's Current Therapy   </li></ul>Therapy evaluation/ recommendations
    27. 29. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>POISINDEX® </li></ul><ul><li>Goldfrank's Toxicologic Emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons </li></ul><ul><li>Ellenhorn's Medical Toxicology: Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Poisoning & Toxicology Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Management of Drug Overdose </li></ul><ul><li>TOXNET  </li></ul>Toxicology information
    28. 30. Examples on Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Veterinary Drug Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Compendia of Veterinary Products </li></ul><ul><li>FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>5-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline   </li></ul>Veterinary medicine
    29. 31. BNF <ul><li>G astrointestinal system </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular system </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Infections </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine system </li></ul><ul><li>Obstetrics, gynecology & urinary tract disorders </li></ul>
    30. 32. BNF <ul><li>Malignant diseases and immunosuppresion </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition & blood </li></ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal & joint disease </li></ul><ul><li>Eye </li></ul><ul><li>Ear, nose & oropharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Immunological products & vaccines </li></ul><ul><li>Anesthesia </li></ul>
    31. 33. BNF <ul><li>Appendices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renal impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast feeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intravenous additives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borderline substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wound management products & elastic hosiery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cautionary & advisory labels for dispensed medicines </li></ul></ul>
    32. 34. <ul><li>Brief description of the above resources !!! </li></ul>Examples on Tertiary Literature
    33. 35. Drug names & synonyms <ul><li>INNs, INNMs, BANs, USANs, JANs </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Password: patientcounseling </li></ul>