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1.2 output devices
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1.2 output devices

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  • Ergonomic keyboards are now coming into common use due to the increase in number of people who use the computer. Their purpose is to prevent RSI whilst typing. This is aided by the shape of

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  • 1. Hyper linking
  • 2. What Are Output Devices? Back to Output Devices
  • 3. CRT Monitors• CRT stands for cathode ray tubes.• Despite the fact that it is the cheapest monitor available it is becoming less popular.• It consists of an electron gun that shoots electrons against phosphor particles. They are used in environments where space is not an issue. Advantages Disadvantages Cheaper than TFT monitors. Difficult to life and move around Produce better quality images Emit harmful radiation (small as opposed to a TFT quantity) Screen on the monitor can be They have a flickering screen; viewed from a number of this can cause headaches and angles. eye strain. Back to Output Devices
  • 4. TFT Monitors• TFT stands for thin film transistor. These monitors can also be called LCD’s. LCD stands for liquid crystal display.• The screen consists of thousands of miniature transistors. These transistors are activated by the processor. Each pixel is formed from RGB (Red, Green and Blue).• Used when only 1 person needs to see the screen.Advantages DisadvantagesEasy to move and carry around. Limited angle of viewingProduce less glare (reduced eye Inconsistency of colour whenstrain) viewed from different angles.Emits less radiation as opposed Videos may blurto CRT More expensive than CRT Back to Output Devices
  • 5. Laser Printers× High quality hard copies are produced.How does it work? Laser changes the charge on the drum for each dot. Electrically charged toner is attracted to the oppositely charged dots. The paper then presses against the toner-coated drum This then outputs with the pattern of dots required. Page is only printed after whole documents has been stored in buffer.× Used usually in places where silence is required. Back to Output Devices
  • 6. Laser PrintersAdvantages DisadvantagesFast output Limited in size of paper.Running costs are cheaper Initial costs are high.Large print jobs can be done First page may be slow to print.quicklyQuality is highToner cartridges last longer; solaser printers can be used onlonger print runs. Back to Output Devices
  • 7. Inkjet Printers • Ink is forced out of a nozzle directly onto the paper. • Weighs less than a laser printer • Printout is produced little by little as it receives the signals from the computer. • They are especially useful in those places where high quality is required and speed is not an issue.Advantages DisadvantagesHigh quality printout They are slow if you need to print more than one page.Fast if you are only printing one More expensive to run because thepage ink cartridges don’t last very long.Cheaper than other printers Long print jobs may be difficult because the ink cartridge may run out. Back toAre more mobile as opposed to Outputother printers. Devices
  • 8. Dot Matrix Printer • Impact printers. How does it work? × The print head (usually made up of several pins) pressing against a carbon ribbon onto paper. × Ink from the ribbon is the visible on the paper. • They are commonly used in noisy industrial environments.Advantages DisadvantagesAre able to work in Not suitable for officeenvironments where the laser environment as they are noisy.and ink printer would not last.Produce carbon copies. More expensive than inkjetsRunning costs are low. Slowest type of printer.Continuous print jobs aremore easily managed. Back to Output Devices
  • 9. Plotter• Its is able to produce hard copies but is not limited to the size of the paper.How does it work?× Ink is placed on a roll of paper rather than individual sheets.There are three types:1- Pen plotter : prints to paper using different colour pens. It relies on the computer to control the movement of the pen and paper.2- Electrostatic plotter:3- Inkjet plotters• They are used to produce printouts of graphs and blueprints. Back to Output Devices
  • 10. Plotters Advantages Disadvantages Large printouts can be Slow produced High quality graphic Filled areas of colour are output. difficult to produce. Expensive Back to Output Devices
  • 11. Speakers• Output sound that is produced or is stored by the computer.• They are required to play sound files attached to presentations or websites.• It is a very important part of a home entertainment system. Back to Output Devices